Some materials for a history of the parish of Thompson, in the county of Norfolk

Title vignette: arms of Shardelow Contains also the pedigrees of the Shardelow, Knevett, Futter, Tooke, Botetourt, Manning, Spring, De Gray, Barker a...

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SOME MATERIALS FOR A HISTORY

PARISH

OF THOMPSON.

omt llateiials

for a l)i

PARISH OF THOMPSON IN THE COUNTY OF NOEFOLK.

AZ.

AZ.

SHARDELOW.

ARMS OF

AZ.

GEOiUxE CEABBE, Eector of Merton,

Edited, with

Preface

and Introductory

NORWICH: PRINTED BY AGAS

1892.

1882.

Notes, by

H. GOOSE,

B.A.,

Augusttcs Jessopp, D.D.

RAMPANT HORSE STREET.

@ontcnte.

Vagi

....

by the Eev. Augustus .Tessopp, D.D. Note on Eana esculenta, by Lord Walsingham Addenda Preface,

by the Rev. George Crabbo, Of the name Thompson Of the Early Land-owners in Thompson Of the Succession in the Manors Introduction,

i

xvi xvii

B..V.

1

3 4 9

The Inhabitants of Thompson in the Fourteenth Century The Poll Taxes Thompson in the Sixteenth Century Some Account of Thompson College

14 16 21

25

Masters of the College

32

Patent Roll, ICth Richard IT. (1392)

34

Surrender Charter of Thompson College

35

Appendix of Documents relating Pedigrees and portions of Pedigrees

36

to the College

:

Shardelow

12

Knevett of Ashwellthorpe

42

Futter of Thompson

47

.

Tooke of Thompson College

5.5

Botetourt of Norfolk

G3

Manning

of

.

Bury Hall

70

Spring of Lavenham

71

De Grey

92

of

Merton

[a.d. 1-190— lG2:i]

Barker of Thompson [a.d. IGIO— 17o7]

102

D'Eye

103

Shropham [a.d. 1573—18 Some Account of the Manor of Thompson " Nuper Collcgii" Note A, Conveyance of Lands to the Do Greys of Scoulton

and Barker

of



Note

B.— "Will

Note

C— On the

of William Bale title

" Sir "

Some Account

— Lords of the Manor of

of the

Manor

41

56 67

58

.

Licence to Sir John Mayster

Note D.

3]

59

Thompson nuper CoUegii

of Boutctorts or Botours llall

Lords of the Manor of Botours Hall

60 62 70

The Manor of Thompson and Bcducres

73

G1704

CONTENTS.

11

Page

Tho Manor

of

Waterhoaso and Churchhouso

Lords of tho Manor

iu

Thompsou

74 74

.

Ancient Names of Places iu Thompson

7(i

Names

77

some of the Copyhold Tenants in Thompsi Tho Church and Churchyard Inventories of Church Goods Certificate of Church Goods sold Inventory of Church Goods, Gth Edward VI. The Patronage of the Church and its officiating Clergy The Eectory and Parish Property The Eegisters The Barkers of Thompson Index Nominum Index Locorum Index Eerum of

78

83

.

83 84 87 89 91 1(10

107

112

114

"^iixx^ixaixow^.

Thompson Church

Map

Seal of

Map

.....

— Six Plans by Herbert J.

of the Parish of

Thompson College

of tho Parish of

Thompson, reduced

in separate folio

Green, Esq.

Thompson, reduced from a Survey drawn up fi'om tho

Ordnance

iu 1723

to .

Map

Facsimiles from the Sketch-book of the late Eev. F. H. Sutton, Prebendary of Lincoln

to

face p.

i

p. xiii

face p.

1

:-

78

The Font in Thompson Church Eing Plate on South Door

to face p.

The Eood Screen

to

face p. 80

Leather Case in the Parish Chest

to

face p. 82

Stencilled Diaper on lower part of

Thompson Screen

-^S;

p. 79

p. 81

ThOMPSO^tMaP

dare 1725?

SHEWING OPEN FIELDS Sc

ReA DvUcd l.ttie

FarishBountl'tn-

Cutbjus ctCpfn

Re£L LlJies

Fields

Hhtc

I rrrr?

nn

YelUw Lines

Map of TH E Par

I

SH OF

ThO M P S on

reduced from a Survej drawn up

u,

m^ -

Waterrcur^' [hllisJi

^

Read

J72JW

^xcface.

flllE History

with

the

Norfolk Parishes begins, for the most part,

oiir

brief

which occur

notices

spoken of

usually

men

of

can be compiled from authentic

as or

contemporary

less

the

Book;

famous

record

by

history

for

such a presentment of

understand

ordinarily

in

Domesday

the

as

with

the

materials,

written

narrated

events

the past

more the

or

persons named.

Accordingly, Mr. Crabbe's History starts by utilizing those notices of the

Parish of Thompson which are to be foimd in the Record of the great Survey of

I08G,

and does not concern

with the darkness or the twilight of

itself

pre-historic ages.

may be thought by some

It

be

enough

stand

on

to

in

most

satisfy

the

reports

But there

is

in

enquirers

delivered

we might spare ourselves the back.

that,

most

to

to

go back eight hundred years, might

;

the

and

Conqueror

attempt to push of

that

unsolved the riddles

to leave ancestors, of

life,

which the lapse

of

our

by

firm

his

ground

;

to

Commissioners,

researches

any

further

us an irrepressible longing to wrench

the past those secrets which are hidden from us discern

having

that,

from

an irrepressible curiosity to

time has concealed

;

which have come down

an impatient reluctance to

us from our remote

and which we cannot help hoping contain some hints of their ways

their

beliefs,

or

their

institutions.

Of

late

years

the

triumphs of

U

PREFACE.

Archoeological

Science

that the taste

for

in

from

escaped

mere

or

have learnt to accept some

Ave

method has arrived

any conclusions which can plead for

irrefragable as

mere guesswork

the period of

conjecture founded upon insufficient data, and conclusions which the scientific

We

has rapidly increased among us.

research

prc-historic

indeed, gradually

have,

have been so many and so startling

directions

all

as almost as certain

at,

and

their acceptance the evidence

of written records.

Can we get behind the how far can we get back? traces

supply, and which

we would



may

were

there

communities

certain.

Iceni

are

help us to see,

the

great Survey

and

hints

only a

area

If so,

?

the

footprints,

geographical

little if

in the

faint

Thompson

of

way, into the mists that

little

fain penetrate ?

That

is

What

men's handiwork, which the

of

civilized

handed down

facts

It

is

communities

organised

—inhabiting

sufficient

to

may

to

and

gold

the

which specimens are forthcoming, dating prior

of

A'enture

even to say

Anglia long before the Christian era

East

point

—we

silver

coinage

the

of

contemporary with,

to,

— in

and a generation or two

after

proof

Such coins have been found within a few miles

of-

this statement.

Thompson,

the beginning of

Thetford, at Brettenham,

at

have moreover some faint indications

of

at

our era

and elsewhere.

Bressingham,

the

support and in

existence of

a settled

of

We

population

within the limits of the parish at a time earlier than any which these coins

The reader may observe in the Parish Map, about half-way between Eedbrick Farm and Merton Hall, a plantation laid down, which is marked as Earth Holes Plantation, from which the land slopes down gradually to carry us back

the level of

name

to.

Thompson Water

indicate that in this spot,

the

at

extreme

where now the

one time discernible a cluster of those cup-like in

many

Norwich

parts of

—which

Norfolk

—notably

'

trees are growiug, there

But

to

The question

is

there are other and

be found not far

were at

on Mousehold Heath, on the outskirts

of

of

little

more than

tradition

worth asking, though

much

it

even twenty

no answer

may be

may be

tantalizing to an

clearer "footprints in the sands of time"

off.

The westernmost corner



this

depressions which are to be found

forthcoming, and though the absence of a reply to enquirer.

Does

corner.

served as the primitive dwellings of a race long since extinct,

and whose existence was a matter centuries ago ?

southern

See, on this subject,

Mr. C.

of the parish is dignified in the

J. Elton's Origins of English Hislory,

map with

second edition, p. 131.

the

name

lU

PREFACE.

On

high ground stand three tumuli, the burial places Across this low ridge it is said with probably of some long-forgotten dead.

Sparrow

of

Hill.^

this

Way may

confidence that the Peddars

ran

be traced

still

— that mysterious road which

straight course for at least fifty miles through Norfolk

its

from the coast near

Hunstanton, and crossing the Nar at Castle Acre, continuing straight as a line reached this very Sparrow Hill, at the junction of the parishes of Mertou

it

till

and Thompson, and

beyond which

Way?

Peddars'

constructed

Roman

later

invasion

The Peddars'

am

I

rightly informed) just at this point taking

its

first

westward again in the direction of Ixning in Suffolk, "What was this hitherto no traces of it have been found. No one has ventured to maintain that it could have been

bend away

slight

(if

to the

Roman

than

the real question

is

?

But,

times.

Way

than the

down

it

?

He

great crux for Norfolk antiquaries.

remains the

still

and,

;

how much earlier is it who were they who laid

throw light upon that curious problem will deserve, and will receive, Till that light comes, all we can the honour that belongs to a discoverer.

who

say

shall

is,

many

Thompson

that there were settlers and inhabitants dwelling in our little

Norman Conquest that Angles and Danes, Celts and Romans and Iceni passed that way and passed on passed away and have before the

ages

Belgae,

;

;

almost passed out of remembrance.

What

did the

a millennium

when he came, more than

invader find

days of Tasciovanus whose coins were dropped here and there upon

after the

the Peddars'

We

Norman

Way ?

To

find that there

we

this question

can offer an unhesitating reply.

wore in Thompson, in the year 1086,

many

so

acres of

land under cultivation, and that these acres belonged to five different owners.

Who

the

tillers

we know

they were

without wishing

method

their

of

to

nor their names.

not,

with,

its

single

great

community.

^

way

in

the

the

aftertime

paramount

and

me

that

it is

locally

known

which

personage

There were four landlords in Thompson,

from these very tumuli.

men about

life,

matters which

and in hundreds of others elsewhere, none

grew up landowner being

tells

of

clear that, at the time of the Conquest, there

which

Lord Walsingliam

Hills, so called

Who

sort of

can read the meagre record

inhabitants?

it is

in such a parish as this, estates

how many and what

culture and their habits, and a hundred other

To begin

large

been,

knoAV more about these people and their

concerned the place and (i.)

may have

of the soil

whom

it

those

of

resulted in is

were

in

a

the

village

the

fashion

as The Sparrow Hilh, probably a corruption of the

Barrow

PREFACE.

IV

owners of " lordships," on

to call

was a 7nanor the

in

of

position

money and

in

conclusion

this

own

each

that

case

may be

whom

at

were

there

that

is

one

least

liim

to

That assumption

independent of each other, and greater than himself, to

owing

and

subjects

services.

in

assumption

the

true

such

if

be,

it

in

the

kings

miniature

them holding

being

payments

but

;

estates

his tenants

certain

four

of

their

of

which the "lord" was a petty king,

over

his estate of a

might in certain circumstances revert as his

it

in fee simple. It is clear that

(ii.)

They

no one of these landowners was resident at Thompson. elsewhere, larger and more valuable than those in

"lordships"

held

all

Thompson, which

must have been

as a place of residence

at this time eminently

unattractive. It is clear that the inhabitants of the parish,

(iii.)

whose number we have

no means of estimating even by a warrantable guess, were of Eight are described as free men

been others of the rank of serfage

labourers

— and

— can

of

two are

;

v/'llani,

so tied to the soil

of the

and bound

hardly be doubted.

That there must have

called hordarii.

men

i.e.

to

ville

different grades.

who were

remain upon

it

in a condition as agricultural

some patches of land

All held

to

which

they had a certain right, and from which they could not be dispossessed as long as they paid their quit-rents and rendered to their "lord" that specified assistance in tilling such portion of the estate as he retained in his

and managed by a and the outgoings.

bound

bailiff

I

am

inclined to suspect that in this instance the land of

William de Warrenne, and probably Bigot,

was

and that the manorial dues, such courts

by

in

the

land of

Isaac

here

called

are

as they were,

were levied

at

Roger

and of

homines,

liberi

the

jieriodical

visiting bailiffs.

Of

(iv.)

He

too,

mere tenant-farmers, who

to

let

an account yearly of the income

render

to

own hands

tlie

five landlords,

one almost certainly was a Jew, Isaac by name.

not only held five "lordships'' in Norfolk, but he had five other such estates Suffolk.

Suffolk estates were

Tiie

all

Market or Ipswich, three of the Norfolk and

it

looks as

if

in

the

neighbourhood of Needham

estates lay in the

the possession of these lands had come to

some money dealings with the traders in the towns.

man who

snatched at

all

he could get

managed

to dispossess a poor

seem

have been certainly

to

of his holding and

mm

managed

indicated

That he was a grasping

by the

fact that

of a little plot of four acres in Seething,

Ik rs of

to

is

Hundred of Loddon, him as the result of

right, but

keep in spite of

which the Jew claimed lier.

he had

which as part

The Jews swarmed

in

V

PREFACE.

hard time of

'

to

have a

it.

"When we come

(v.)

and in the next century they began

;

East Anglia at this period

ago in Thompson

how

to inquire

we have

much

not

the land was cultivated eight centuries

an answer to the

to help us in arriving at

question.

There appears no mention

rate

we

again do of

is

have

to

made

been

of plantations or

hear of any

any right of pannage

cattle, sheep, or horses

Morton and Tottington, we

of hogs

no wood in the parish

or

little

find there

at

for swine.

any

Nor

while, in the adjoining parishes

;

were extensive woods,

had the right of feeding on the mast.

a place

;

in

which hundreds

Tottington seems to have been

where horses were bred, and there were

sheep and goats

flocks of

while Merton was evidently a village of some consideration, and was perhaps

more thickly inhabited than what

a

record

tliat

is

we

this

are

Thompson with

the notices of

conveyed

like

was

it

now.

is

it

is

always dangerous to argue from but,

comparing

of the adjoining parishes, the

impression

referring

those

poor

a

It

little

does noi say;

to

desolate

and

bare

place,

with no one above the status of a small farmer living within

and

more

not

than a third

This view of the case

the

of

any kind

under

parish

uninviting,

its

boundaries,

of

cultivation.

confirmed by some collateral evidence which remains

is

to be examined.

When we

map

the

refer to

has carefully reduced from the

1723, and

now among

enclosure,

three streamlets

called Broadflash,

;



and trickling

— converged

Well at

at

Thompson

those of

days,

Carr,

has

round

'

See

Vestiges

drawn up from actual survey

we

in

find that prior to the

;

one running from

in the parish of Griston a little to the north of in

an easterly direction from what

a point

to

called

east of the

called

and, uniting

church and Butters'

almost lost

and broadening out in another

been skilfully

now

is

Low Common Farm,

the south-west,

itself

depression

swamp

in a

(which,

since

turned into a large mere bearing the name

Thompson Water), passed from

Longmans,

friend Miss Bateson

in a south-easterly direction

their waters, flowed on as one stream to tlie

Hall, then, sweeping

my

one issuing from a source in the parish of Merton

and the third running

Sparrow Hill

original one,

the muniments at Merton Hall,

a spring called Bunting east

which

of the parish

thence, to continue its course

of the Hiatoric Anglo-Hehrew in East

1870.

b

Anglia,

till

it

emptied

by Eev. M. Margoliouth,

ll.d.,

PREFACE.

VI into

itself

AVissey or Stoke Eiver at

tlic

Buckenbam

Tofts,

and Langford. It seems that, before the history of the parish begins Conquest



all

i.e.,

the land under tillage was to be found on the

between

Igl)urgli

before the

Norman

bank of

riglit

this

was comprised within an area of large open fields divided into small strips, some of them cultivated by the tenants of the several manors holding such strips of the "lords" of those manors on what is now called copystream, and that

A

hold tenure.

term was:

that

it

portion of the land under tillage was held in demesne, as the is

tenants, they being

condition

of

That each and

all

as

a

labour

was cultivated

bound their

plows

:

claim upon the

in

till

to

point

their

own

portion.*

to

who

is

it

burden

there

could

possessed horses, bullocks

tenants

the

that

the

of

having a

sort

"lord."

Having

demesne, Ihcy were probably allowed to prepare their

for the reception of the

not

cultivate

lord's land

have been cultivated by spade

of the tenants

implements and beasts of

turned up the land

to

Equally inconceivable

seems

conclusion

the

and harvest the

reap,

the several strips could

of

have been any appreciable number or

mow,

right

the

retaining

advantage of the "lord" by the

the

for

to plough, hoe,

inconceivable.

quite

is

it

seed

when

;

then, the tenants might

the lord's harvest

gather in their

was

stored,

of

own

then, and

own.

Though among these villagers there was a close solidarity, the land was by no means held in common or ciiltivated in common in the sense that private property was unknown.

own

interests,

So far from

clung tenaciously to his

it,

each watched most jealously over his

own

little

patch, asserted his

own

rights

against lord or tenant as the case might be, and claimed his privileges, which

were not inconsiderable, over that portion of the parish which was not under the plow, which lay outside the arable land and as it were enclosed it round with a broad fringe of heath, marsh, scrub, and sheep-run.

Over

this untillod land the

"tenants," equally with the "lords" (though, of course, not in an equal degree),

had

their rights

and their claims.

into this matter (which

common

is

It will be sufficient, without

surrounded with

difficulties),

going further

to say that over this

land, outside the limits of the open fields, the lords of the several

manors

had certain rights of pasturage, the liberty of keeping a limited number of sheep, and the right of setting

'

map

;

Tho

position

and boundaries of

but I have not thought

it

all

up a

those

worth while

fold iu

littlo

which the

strips are carefully

was penned

;

while

marked down upon the

original

flock

to indicate them, except in the case of the Hall Field.

VU

PREFACE.

the tenunts had the right of digging turf, cutting the gorse, aud in some cases

lopping and topping some of the trees

for

A

fuel.

favoured few held

tlieir

lands with the privilege of turning out here and there a heifer or a cow, though

number

the

was always

of such animals

defined

strictly

and the charter of

;

community was the Manorial Extent^ or the Rolls of the Manor to and were frequently referred to when any

liberties of the

which could be referred

Court,

dispute arose.

Such a community

as

was

this

in

nature eminently conservative;

its

changes would necessarily be going on, however slowly. of

{purprestura

the technical term)

is

connived at or were

towns grew

more adventurous

the

direction of the profitable

sure

spirits

the

froni

them

ideas aud

new

they were

cases

villages

and

;

their

there

to

if

woidd always be some

who would drift in the young men prospered,

these

get back

savings

birth-place,

their

to

and something

like

new

If the returning wanderer were only a small capitalist

habits.

he could buy up

many

that in

trade,

of the streets

was, bringing with

it

from

one patch

Moreover, as time went on aud the

they would inevitably in those days yearn

wherever

another,

of

Such encroachments

land or heath.

condoned.

life

petty encroachments

separated

that

balks

important centres of

be

to

In the earliest records of

notices

made sometimes upon the land

and we may be

be made,

continued to either

continual

upon the common

sometimes

another,

find

upon the paths or dividing

sometimes

of

we

such parishes or manors

yet

needy man's

this or that

plot,

paying besides the value of

the tenant-right to the occupier, an additional "fine" to the lord of the manor for admission

to

the holding, and frequently building a better house than his

neighbours were accustomed of

manor were

the

edge could the

as

it

inclosing

when

was, and, the

open

tenants were,

under

outside

and the

in

as

a

fields,

tillage

the bounds

lord.

rule,

court

doing

and

inclosing

taking

rich,

convenient portions

which he was the

land

waste,

manor grew

of the

among

not

of

steward

lord's

or

appropriate

safely

"lord" such

common

the

of

Not unfrequently, and he would build

to.

non-resident,

a

care

was

held.

he would that,

to

be

reclaiming

make If,

on

as

tlie

tempted

house

much

as

the

he

to

be

other

liand.

the

build a mansion,

likely

to

plant

it,

but as near them as he couveuieutly could, and of

waste land, the heath, or the common,

the

In any

outside

case,

the

houses

of

the

lords

the boundary of the open fields;

increased

in

of

Mr. Seebohm has aptly called the

wliat

upon

arrangements with

his

he too would

the lord

especially if

that

its

area

b

2

the

additional

and

clearances

or

the

if

the

would be

shell

of

the

VUl

PREFACE.

"We

community.'

little

of

extension

this

by a system

continually

the

of

area

of

upon the common

of squatting

names

occurrence of such

frequent

the

land, in

on

going

cultivation

evidences

find

John At-the-town's-end,

as

William Of-the-water-house, Edward By-the-carr, and other similar designations,

which

indicate that these persons or their fathers

all

appropriate

had their

as the strips were, but portions of the waste on

alluded to but which these

already

rights

and

to appropriate

view of the

this

served as the natural boundary of the

The

case.

"open

fields''

widened out into a mere morass from Butters'

to

;

which the tenants had contrived

squatters

enclose.

The 1723 map supports

"Water

to

themselves some portions of the land not held in severalty of

to

"lord"

the

had gradually managed

seems

east,

what

Ilall to

Way

but from the point where the Mill

course of the stream which

on the

is

to

have

now Thompson

crossed the stream on the north,

the point where the Caston and Breccles roads converging crossed

it

by

a

bridge on the south, there are unmistakeable signs of the existence of habitations dotted along the sides of the

little

was here that the population was at

what may

chiefly

remains of

ancient

—where

tlie

The same

settled.

be called the central point of the shell

and Hall Field Farm stand (the

brook, and shewing that in

—where

middle ages

it

indications exist

now Eedbrick Farm

those ineffaceable traces of man's handiwork

ponds or marl

pits)

are to be found in considerable

numbers.

There is

another fact which this

is

map

remarkable manner.

illustrates in a

who have never given every parish were "open"

generally supposed by those

subjects that the open fields of

who

choose to

make

way

his

So

over them.

far

from

it,

their attention to to

It

such

any one and everyone

nothing

is

more common

land which were always

in the earlier convcj'ances of the tinj' little pieces of

changing hands, than the clause which provides that the purchaser shall have with the possession of the land, " free entrance to and free exit from the said land,

and

using

of

liberty

easements over which the

was

this all.

It

were called upon

were

and

of this

'

The

shell,

that

or

is,

in which the inhabitants

men

ways

paths

and

men

of

the

and

by-roads

of the township have a

seems that the

common

to

bank

contribute or

ditch

in

as

monej' or the

in -which the active life of the

made

their dwellings.

case

all

other

right."

Nor

town could be and frequently

keep up the fence which surrounded the

to

required

hedge,

the

service

might

community was

be.

carried on

little

the

to

territory,

maintenance

So far from there

;

not, I think, the shell

PREFACE.

having been a liberty of going

of

those

land in

of the

these

times,

early

and

all

looked upon with the utmost suspicion disguise

in

or

spy who came

a

find

open

there

fields,

and

was but

at a point

in

main road, as

this

it

If

we

main

the

western boundary where

through

entrance

might be

almost

essential

shortest

tlie

The

manor, for the

men

of

the

may

as I

mill

was a source

of the

the

enclosure

it

was

of

we the

converged,

roads

six

;

of

It passed

possible distance. mill, its

venture to

in our early Xorfolk villages

other was the Church.

which

intruder

was carried across the cultivated

called,

course to the outer world, which might take care of institutions,

fortress

An

refer to Miss Bateson's map,

one

from sheep-walk to sheep-walk straight to the parish

There were two

a

each

pry and obtain information which might

to

along a line which presented

fields

area as

say that

to

he was regarded as a probable enemy

:

be easily used for a malicious jiurpose. that

own

its

truth

the

exceeding jealousy.'

with

outsiders

nearer

is

it

through the length and breadth

fro

communities regarded

village

against

held as

to

IX

and thence ran

its

own. call

them, which were

the one was the Mill and the

income

at all times to the lord

township were bound to grind their corn

home and the lord took very good care that there should be no other mill but The mill at Thompson occupied a very central position, as will be his own. Of course this was a windmill, for the little stream trickling seen by the map. slowly along could never have served to turn a wheel, and, making all due allowance for the far greater rainfall which we know there was a thousand years at

ago in Britain, the

effect of this

more abundant precipitation was only

to saturate

the ground, and so to produce extensive breadths of marsh and morass, survivals of

which

state of things

may be found

in the still-existing meres of Scoulton,

Hingham, Merton, and Thompson Water

Thompson occurs been looked a

in the

for there if

itself.

No mention

of

any mill at

Domesday Survey^ nor could any such mention have it

be true, as

is

generally admitted, that in this Eecord

"mill" always means a water-mill.

No early

less essential to the

times

we

are

continued existence of a village community in the

considering

was the Church with

personage of great influence and importance.

its

priest,

There are not

less

who was

a

than three

hundred and seventeen churches in the county of Norfolk mentioned in the

There are traces of the whole parish of Thompson having been surrounded by a bank, which marked on the 6-inch ordnance map. '

is

X

PREFACE.

Domesday Survey and

it

those which existed

the time.

.at

quite certain

is

tliat

inasmuch as

13ut

;

of these

Thompson

is

not

demonstrable by collateral evidence that in every

is

it

all

In the Iluudred of Wayland which contains

sixteen parishes, only four churches are mentioned one.

by no means include

these

other parish in the hundred, within a century after the Conquest, there was a

church with

priest to be found/

its

it

is

highly improbable that Thompson

should have been an exception to the general rule, or that the inhabitants of the

township should have been allowed to remain without some building in which

little

the religious services which played so great a part in the

days were carried on according to the prevailing

life of

That Thompson Church

ritual.

in the eleventh century could have been anything but a very

we can we know

Stoue there was none and

hardly conceivable.

may have been a timber church such as At the best, it can hardly have been a more

church places.

poor roadside chapel

still

When

remains to

as

probably

day

this

—almost

been consecrated

to

monument

— planted

it

of

their

is

have existed in some

ambitious edifice than

the Shardelows built the beautiful

the

certainly to

humble structure

only conjecture that the

to be found in Cornwall, the walls of

the roof of thatch.

people of those

piety

mud

many

a

or rubble,

church, which

and munificence,

they

on the same spot which had already

the service of i-eligion ages before

;

though

it

is clear

that

there was nothing in the old church that could be utilized, as not a vestige of

any previous sacred building has been discovered.

Mr. Crabbe has estimated the number of acres under the great Survey at about

which I

am

1

estimate

this

made

I

refrain

but accepting

;

in a position to prove that, four centuries

It vroulJ

conclusion.

Campsey

time of

from discussing the evidence on as

probably near the truth,

later,

the area under cultivation

it

be out of place here to do more than indicate the line of argument which leads to this enough to point out that Tottington Church was bestowed upon the Nunnery of

It will be

as early as 1196.

being handed over •was

is

1150.

tillage at the

Eocklaud

to

Breccles had become a vicarage in the thirteenth century, the rectorial tithes

Westacre Priory.

St. Peter,

before 1250.

Stow Bedon had been apportioned to the Nunnery of Marhani, as portion of the tithes of Ovington was bestowed upon the monks

A

The liedory Manor was bestowed upon St. Catherine's The advowson of Threxton belonged to the Priory of Castle Acre apparently within twenty years after the Domesday Survey was drawn up. Obviously, where there were tithes, a benefice, a rector and a vicar to reckon with or to despoil, there there must have been a church in which the people assembled and the priest ministered. of Thetford

by Eoger Bigot during

his lifetime.

Abbey, at Eouen, by Eoger do Toesney

at the

end of the twelfth century.

XI

PREFACE.

we should have Thompson at a penny an

to a far less extent than

had increased

ICOl a poor-rate was levied

amounted

of this charge

and

wood, heath,

fen

no more than £5. I85.

— amounted

1416

to

sum

when

be a task of

tillage

which the

and a careful examination has

this rate, written

for a parish poor-rate that I

A trewe

account of

all

the

to the

Imprimis It" to

som

a."

mony gyven

it

a few years ago by one of

As

to wait."

it is

the earliest evidence

in extenso.

IGOl.

towne by lond a penny the acre

of the weekelye contrybucon to the poore of the sd aprill 1601 rated

and of the old churchwardens iis.

xiis.

iii'i.

iirf.

Tayler in relyfe, xxrf.

It" to Eychard Wats, in Stoke

iis.,

in relyfe

Ursula bunswell thelder, widow

lyone youngs, relyfe

DNI

A"

to divers poore travelyng w"> pasports,

Wydow

to print

dni 1600 unto the xii of

of \U. xviiis.

my possession

man who knows how

have ever met with, I venture

from the 30 daye of Marche

amountynge

appears that during the long

it

on parchment, came into

"THOMSTON

from the

wydow s"*

hill,

xiirf.

Wydow

Wats, Wyllm Inglyshe.l

dugdale, Ursula bunswell the younger in

30 of marche unto the

Som

tot'

" Eemayn' unbestowed of the yjlL

s""

xii of

ApriU

pd? bestowed \iU.

x8. iijd. fyrst

above

.

.

.

-

v?t.

viid.

xiiiis.

J

xviit?.

s*

part -whereof ys denyed

{sic)

to

be payd

as foloweth

Imprimis thomas whit

Sid.

.

It'

myles twyslyngton

It'

thomas mayes behinde henry spencer

It'

left

the system of open fields and of manorial rights continued, progress

The record of

It. to

;

In other words

acres.

those chances which so frequently reward " the

"

under

the impression that the cultivated land prior to the inclosure can hardly

have exceeded 1500

'

would

It

acres. ^

total of acres

be made with some approach to certainty

period

;

1723 exhibits, though the calculation might

of the parish constructed in

upon me

total



considerable labour to arrive at the

map

and the sura

acre,

which shows that the whole commons, arable and pasture, exclusive of the waste

to

acreage of the parish in

in

In the year

expected.

vijrf. vrf. iijrf.

Not

thomas halyday

wydow

ijd.

vijA

.

viijrf.

rychard cowpere

iijd

rolfe

of

be paid when the tith is paid.

bunswell

John

be

answered but to

edward gytyngs

John tenant

to

ijrf.

jd. ob.

m' grayes lond

ij«.

Som

tot'

unpaid

yi».

ob "

Thomas Atmer, "Thomas Wymer[?]."

PREFACE.

Xll

in agriculture

was extremely slow, and custom,

and exclusiveness

and parochial jealousy

privilege,

any advance in making the

offered almost insuperable bars to

most of the land.

The Muniment Eoom

Merton Hall contains no

at

other records which give us any insight into the of

Thompson

life

We

prior to the fifteenth century.

charters, court rolls, or

and habits

of the inhabitants

are therefore unable to estimate

the severity with which the dreadful plague of 1349 smote this

what havoc

it

wrought among the inhabitants,

But we know the

us to do for that parish.

work

ill

1

350, the benefice

regretted that

because

it is

was again vacant.

how

easy to see

iutelligeutly

pedigrees, are not little

mere dry genealogical

little

the world, in 1369 ?' is

Who

pieces of biography.

such an affecting

familiar

know

his change of

The

existing records.

still

?

way

his

master

modesty,

my

Who

of those to

value.

Mr. William

number

Such de

to

account

and their

mere pedigree,

to find, in a

is

Grey,

The reader who has access

the

name

brief

this

heartless

—which,

very interesting 1696,

Tooke

little

by

and cruel neglect

with characteristic

to call a history,

\mt contented

3Iaterials for a History

of curious pieces of information,

in

Home

in a parish register for so piteous

by the

history

no more than Some

the

of

once famous litterateur gained very

giving us a view of of

some

from

entry

agricultural labourers and mechanics at the close

1

be

disappeared,

which he has turned

whom

lamented friend did not venture even

quite an unusual

entirely

to

tables in his hands, but are full of interesting

would have looked

indeed

himself with designating as

small

in

would have expected

How many

But

?

so

more

careful histories of families

a story as that of the poor boy frozen to death of

It is the

story as that of Johanna de Shardelow's retirement from

that, after all, this

name

?

Mr. Crabbe could have used them, had

they been ready to his hand, by the skilful the later and

If three rectors died during

muniments have

parochial

the earlier

and

Thompson changed hands and that when the College began

what must the people have suffered

that terrible time

parish,

Merton enable

living of

at least three times during the dreadful year, its

little

as the court rolls of

of

the

the

— contains

them

of no

note-book

wages

paid

of to

the seventeenth century

;

to the very valuable Calendar of Wills proved in the Court of Husting,

London, printed by order of the Corporation of the City of London in 1890, this practice in the fourteenth century.

See Vol.

II., introduction, p. vi.

may

find other instances of

PREFACE.

XUl

mention of the hemp-pit a few years earlier;*

the

Thompson and

inhabitants of

those of

(the Barkers) in a remote

this long period

;

and many another

how even

the remarkable continuance of

and inconsiderable village

of three centuries and continuing to hold

goes to show

between the

the contiguous parish of Stow Bedon,

in 1723, on the contested rights of turbary ;

yeoman family

the quarrel

little

for

a

upwards

their small estate there during all

significant scrap of information

a local chronicle can contribute

much

which

to illustrate the

more

sometimes aptly confirming, sometimes strongly contradicting, correcting or modifying generalisations too hastily made or theories ambitious works of historians,

too rashly adopted.

There are two matters which deserve the

especial notice of the reader of

The first is the frequent instances of resignation on the part of the Thompson College during the hundred and eighty years of its existence

these pages.

Masters of as a

working

whom

institution.

In this period the College had seventeen masters, of

at least seven resigned the mastership.

I

am

unable to account for this

on any theory which does not show the College in a favourable

SEAL OF THOMPSON

light.

During

COLLEGE.

these centuries very few ecclesiastics thought

it

necessary to give up one piece

of preferment

because presented to another. So far from a clergyman being thought the worse of for being a pluralist, the more benefices he held, the clearer the proof of the high estimation with

the

statutes of

'

which he was regarded.

But if Thompson, rigidly insisting that the mastership could only be

See Eogers' History of Agriculture and Prices in England, C

vol.

i.,

p. 2S.

XIV

PREFACE.

held by a resident, were observed and never relaxed, the frequent resignations are accounted for

and we get indirect evidence that

men

College were

character and

of

governed the College the outer world

;

were compelled

and

mastership

their

received higlier or more lucrative preferment they

between residing

to choose it

They held

mark.

their reputation as scholars or administrators reached

till

when they

non-resident master

as a rule the masters of the

the College

at

or

A

resigning.

seems was not permitted to retain his emoluments.

The other matter which should not be passed over without comment

the

is

attempt of the lay impropriator, in 1G78, to restore the tithes of the parish to the Church, from which they had been long alienated

made

a second time in 1754, but in both cases without success.

and

forgotten that the essence of true charity

and that what

Why

an attemjDt which was

;

should

a

man

gives with the dead

we expect

is

who come after than we have shown

that those

substance

surrender their

real generosity

hand

him nothing. us should be more willing to

a gift that costs

ourselves

Futter in the seventeenth century had retained the

endowment to his last hour and Eoger Barker done the same neither of them had scrupled ;

;

If the conscience of

his lifetime.

It is too often

lies in self-sacrifice

full

be?

to

case,

of

making

to

receive that income during

one or the other was troubled by the thought

restitution at

it

was a clumsy

all.

A

Eobbing Peter

to appropriate.

to

Nemesis usually waits upon such bequests

pay Paul

chapters I thought

it

be helpful to the reader

own, even where

;

to

quite good

make

spoiling

it

it

enough

born antiquary,

who

judgment, likely to

from statements which Mr. Crabbe has made.

to stand

upon

its

Ilis

own

what no man's work ever can as it stands

my

notes

my

but I have refrained from intruding any opinions of

I dissented

printed the translations as I found them. it is

of love in

the earlier

advisable to add some introductory or explanatory

have included within brackets) as being, in

no

is

as these.

With regard to the way in which I have carried out my labour In seeing tliis work through the press, there is not much to say. (whicli I

own

restitution to take from his next of kin that which, in his

he had not scrupled

had

in the eighteenth century

that in receiving this income he had been doing so wrongfully,

way

Humphrey

income from the old

and in exhibiting

work has been merits.

Any

be, faultless,

my own

discovered, only too late in

life,

left

unaltered

attempt on

have

I ;

my

and part

would have resulted

weakness.

in

Mr. Crabbe was a

that he had quite a genius for

XV

PREFACE.

The enthusiasm, sagacity and scholarly caution which he exhibited in bis antiquarian studies, made me frequently rcgi'et that he had but he needs no apology for the quality not thrown himself into them earlier To those who knew him and to know him was to of his work in this volume. the book reflects him in its unambitious simplicity, its conscientious love him thoroughness (so far as the opportunity of dealing with the evidence at hand such researches as these.

;





allowed), in the careful avoidance of over statement, and in the entire absence of

any other aim than

and

to get at the truth

to present a faithful picture to his

readers.

A

guileless, a personality so magnetically

nature so pure and gentle and

attractive

and so free from

never been

my

all

semblance of pettiness, pretence and conceit

There

happiness to meet with.

may be

it

has

others such as he but I

have not known them.

The manuscript was expense

it

has been printed.

left

in

From

hands of

the

first to last,

placed in

my

cordial thanks.

its

weight in gold.

One

of

and active

late

Rev. F. n.

these days this sketch-book will be

I can only regret that I could not see

reproduce more of Mr. Sutton's drawings as illustrations. careful laid

whose

Mr. Sutton generously

hands the valuable sketch-book of his uncle the

the churches in this district.

worth

his Lordship's covinsel

at

Prebendary of Lincoln, containing some extremely interesting sketches

Sutton, of

my

Walsingham,

To Miss Mary Bateson, Mr. "Walter Rye,

co-operation have been most valuable.

and the Eev. Arthur F. Sutton I owe

Lord

my

my way

Mr. Herbert Green's

and elaborate plans of Thompson Church speak for themselves readers equally with myself under obligations which I think

be glad to acknowledge.

c

2

to

;

we

he has shall all

XVI

Itote

e&cxxUnta*

%\cina

0%j

By Lord "Walsingham.

N

proximity to the

close last

site

of the old

Thompson

the edible frog

surviving British colonies of

College exists one of the

(Eana

These

esculenta).

were long supposed by Professor A. Newton and others to be the descendants but of specimens imported from France by Mr. George Berney in 1837 ;

Boulengcr has pointed out

Ml'.

of

the

(in

the Zoologist, July, 1884, as well as in the Proceedings

1884) that

Society,

Zoological

they are

easily distinguished

form, subsequently re-discovered at Foulden, by the

which

The

is

fact

characteristic of

that

the

the Italian variety,

ancient

College

collateral evidence in favour of

that

the

edible

purposes of

food

frog,

like

the

by

some

of

is

known

the suggestion edible

the

the middle ages, wei'e continually going

and Rome.

snail

many

known to

much as

Rana

from the French

metatarsal tubercle

larger

esculenta, var. lessonce

have existed on

this spot

is

strong

made by Mr. Wolley (Zoologist, 1821)' (Helix pomatia), was introduced for

secular

and

regular

clergy

backwards and forwards

who, during

between

England

XVll

ADDENDA. I.

The following has been communicated by Mr. Walter Rye. MSS.

It is derived

from the

Norris

Extracts

from Notes in Account Books belonging

Mr. [Thomas] Futter

to

of TJiompston, d. 1639. 161-1.— Francis Bedingfiekl, Gent.,

Owner

of Thorapston Coll. [1616].

— Robt. Futter, my son, and Elizth. Barckham were married at Waulton. 1621. — The Futters seem to have entered on the College. 1622. — Robt. Futter, Gent., had College rent paid him. 8 Aug., 1622. — My son, "Wm. Futter, dyed at Mrs. Maylard, in Layton, and was buried

13 June, 1621.

first

there the 10th of that month.

Edward and Mary, was born 20

The. Barkham, son of

Sept., 1623, at

W. Waulton. Robt.

Bridget, dr. of

and

Elizh.

Futter,

was

bom

22 April, 1624, at

Tompston.

was born 13 June, 1627. Edwd. and Mary Barkham, 17 June, 1627.

Francis, son of Robt. Robt., son of

my

Francis Futter,

and

Elizh. Futter,

and Jane Coote were mar. 25

son,

Sept.,

1628, at

Chelsey, nere London.

Robt. Futter, son of

my

son Robt. and

Eliz. his wife,

was born 23

Sept.,

1628. 5 Nov., 1628.

Thus

—Tho. Futter, son of

far out of

John and Mary, was born.

an old book of accounts of ...

CoiTiission at Thetf'*,

23 Apr',

172-i.

.

Futter of Thomston, pduced at a

In? Colman

&

Barker.

II.

At page Thompson in

81,

we

1308.

are

pen, for Blomefield gives

knight.

I

that Sir Roger

told

The date it

is

correctly as 1383.

presume Wylasham

de

Wylasham,

Knt.,

was buried

obviously wrong, and must be due to a slip of

is

I

only another

have nothing

way

of

to tell about this

in

the

worthy

writing Willisham, a village

XVlll in Suffolk, near

Needham Market

;

but what interest Sir Roger had in Thompson

Possibly he was connected have not been able to discover. by marriage. He seems to have died childless. I give his will

with

&

&

from

in extenso, copied

in the Registry at Norwich.

the original,

I

Siiardelows

the

A. J.

Ego Rog'us de Wylach""m miles sane Anno Dni Miftimo ccc""" in hunc modum. In p'mis lego aiam meam deo octogesimo t'cio Condo testament, meii omipotenti & bte marie Vgini & oinib3 scis & corpus tneu' ad sepdiend^ in ecd'ia de Item, lego sum'o Thomston sw6 archa inf d'cain ecdi'am & capellam Sc'i Jacobi. lego sumo altari ecctie Runhale, Item, de iijs. n\]d.; & altari eiusdem ecd'ie, iijs. iiijd. Item, lego sumo altari ecctie de Mateshale, emendacoi eiusdem ecctie, xlvjs. viijcZ. Item, lego ad emendacoem vjs. viijd.; & ad emendacoem capanit eiusdem ecctie v m'rc. Priorisse Item, lego de Carhowe vjs. viijd. Itm ecctie & campanil de Wylash""m, xxs. In noie pat's

mentis

&

lilij

bone memorie die

cuitt moniali pfesse

sps

sci.

Amen.

diiica in festo

dom^ p'dce

iijs. iiijcZ.;

Inuencois See Crucis

&

cuitt moniali ifem

executor^ mei i'aeiant celebi-ari mille missas p a!a

post obitum

meu

Et residuu oim bonoi? meor'

mea & p p't ea

& Rogum

pfesse,

ijs.

Ir,

volo

&

&

&

do

Rog'o Cristian Capetlo quos

hui^ testamenti

quos hentes Deu p auxTo rogo vt soluant debita mea mee melius expedire.

q""

mensem

que supius sunt legata assigno

Ka?ine uxi mee, Robto de Kenton, Walro de Gildeford,

quidem Katinam, Robtu, Waltum,

non

aiab5 quibj teneor infra

mei constituo exccutores,

adimpleant voluntatcm

meam

p' posse suo sicut viderint aie

Da?

die

& anno

supdcis.

Proba? fuit istud apud Norwicu coi^ nob.

Offic.

Augvsti anno Dni m"ccc""' octog.

&c.

t^cio,

Dili

Norwic. Epi quarto die mens.

[Heydon,

fol.

211.]

ERRATA. Page

3,.

line 12.

Page

15,

Page

26, line 17.

For Cleasley read Cleashy.

second column of values.

For Robert de Aukl read Robert de Aula.

For chains read charms.

SCALE 3 fNCHEe TO

I

WILE

The

urrdo'i

retl, liiuK

shxnva Uw. Ixnindarie,^ of

Ihe houjLdaries of the parish,.

the qiat titlds

us laid down uvfJui

olid

maps.

JLiT/c-iii'

5nlro6ttcfion.

T

by

villages

^P

^^^

may

be

which

may

antiquarian

who

live

by a

inhabitants and proprietors,

himself can

make

tell

is

It

own

tale,

retired

or

own

learn

succeeding

about

the

past

Society visited

the historical

part was

subject,

material,

me

to

once

and now

betjin

one

days

degree to aid us in

when, by means

generations

found to have a history which

in

of

its

old

not even Dry-as-dust

altogether uninteresting.

Archaeological

The

tombstones,

former

of

\dllage,

In the following pages I have attempted to put together able to

how much

registers,

trace

in its

country

our

of

Mr. King says

as

and unknown

with

repeopled

the

of

hint

and

history

equally astonishing

is

indeed,

is,

antiquity— no its

the

of

examination

There

&c.

of

is

it

them.

in

Even the most

research,

known

is

careful

wills,

rolls,

be made to

not

restoring the past." of

little

"no fragment

essays,

his

those

how

learned

names, manor

place of

astonishing

is

them.

history of

Thompson

a in

taken chiefly from

begun, offer the

interested fruit of

me

my

so

small village 1878, I read

Blomefield

much

that

in

a

— on I

all

that I have been

When

Norfolk.



which

parish and

church.

short

the

our

continued

paper

my

of

search

pleasant labours to that Society wliich

for

moved

HISTORY OF THOMPSON.

^f

HE

first

|\amc

ll]c

thing with respect to Thompson that strikes a stranger

and common a family name should

Thompson is a corruption Tomston (Tomeston), town in 1624 Sir William de

Grey speaks

In Domesday Book

c.)

Tom). for

also

be the name of a

Thomston (Thomeston), town

of

of Tom,^ but at least it

is

is

of

modern

that so

Probably

village.

Thomas

an old corruption

;

;

or of as the

name spelt as now, Thompson, and Thompson (paper at Merton Hall, B.

of the Register Book, written about 1597, has the

title

9

(LJ)ompson.

it is

Tomestuna (town

Professor Skeat says, " no doubt

Thomas

is

Toom, emptj-

;

doubtful.

It looks

Tom was

more There

used by Sturla ])ordason, died A.D. 12S4."

In a deed,

Thomiston

dated 1309

in that of 1333,

;

name

the

Tomeston

is this

Baliol

spelt

Icel.,

was

empty Thomas is

called Toora Tabard,

bit of evidence, that

—Cleasley's

is ;

John

and Tumesteda (place of it was short = Tomr Lowland Scottish,

of Tom),

a personal name, whether

common

like the

a not improbable nickname.

Yet Tom may be Thomas.

coat.

of his lands in

called

Tumi

for

Icel. Diet.

Thomuston

in

;

the lay subsidy, 1327,

Edward

in a deed, 1351, 24th

III.,

Thomaston

;

in

a Merton manor

roll, 1401, Tommeston; in a manor roll of 1449, Tomston; 1468, Thomston on the seal of the College we find Tomesstone in the lay subsidy, 1524, Thompston in a manor book, 1640, Tompson. ;

;

;

'

" The Anglo-Saxon never seems to have thought of such a thing as bestowing a name on a place by a definite

in the

same manner as he named his child or his

ship.

When

he had to mention a

obvious descriptive expression, which afterwards became fixed as a piece of

ground and builds a farmhouse.

come

humble dwelling."

to give his

A man

name

he spoke of

name even

to

is

dead and forgotten

an important town which grew up on the

—Henry Bradley in Gentleman's Magazine, February B 2

1st,

1882.

site

it

named Eanbald

His neighbours speak of Eanbald's tun or farm enclosure

simple and natural designation sticks to the place long after Eanbald cottager might

place,

....

.... Thus

act,

by some clears

and

a

this

the poorest

once marked only by his

Ibc

N

the

cavin

^anb-fltimcvs

^Jjompson.

lit

Domesday Survey only four land-owners

in

Thompson

mentioned,

are

and reckoning a carucate at 180 acres, the largest given tenants-in-chiof by Ducange, the sum of their lands does not amount to more than about Mr. Freeman (Norman 1150 acres, whereas the present acreage is 2890. " every scrap of land was Domesday tells us by whom Conquest, v. 7) says that all

;

held in the later days of

William," and

if

this

was a very variable quantity, must have been Ducano-e's largest example, perhaj^s because value.

There was a large

fen,

the

within living memorj^ and a stream

having on each side of

it

it

be in

so,

the carucate, which

Thompson very much

we know than

larger

included a quantity of land of very small

Sandwade Fen,

in

Thompson,

in

existence

till

through the parish for nearly three miles,

runs

a quantity of marshy meadows, which at the time of the Survey

may have been in great part fen. Then, too, there were three heaths, Thompson Upper Common, near Merton, extending from Cherry Row on the west to Wayland Wood on the Thompson Lower Common, extending fi-om east, all along south of the Merton boundary near Stow Bedon Station, and reaching to Sandwade Fen, and then north to Shaker's Furze and Bradmore Common, a small common south of the brickyard, where the school, In fact, before the inclosure the blacksmith's shoj^, and the windmill now stand. of 1817, the commons and fen occupied half the acreage of the parish, and probably, Thus the carucates in Thompson may in the time of the Survey, very much more. ;

have been very large, on account of the small quantity in each carucate that was For "the carucate depended for its size more on the nature of the soil cultivated. //. Jenner. or the state of cultivation than on actual extent."



respect to the under-tenants, "

we must not suppose

that the population was every Englishman was turned out The notion that changed at the Conquest. The actual occupants of the soil remained of hearth and home is a mere dream. iv. 24. undisturbed." Freeman, generally very owners of land in Thompson in 1086, and We have, then, the names of four It must be remembered that these sums of the values of their five properties. timcs,^ more valuable then than now. say hundred some a times, thirty were money

With

.

Of two

of

the

.

.

Thompson landowners nothing seems

to

be personally

;

two were the most powerful and richest of William's barons. Ano-lo-Norman history are more familiar than those of William de Warren and

the other in

known Imt Few names

Roger Bigot.

^^_^ Hume, quoted

in Munford's Norfolk Domesday, p. 2.

EARLY LAND-OWNERS IN THOMPSON. The

Domesday Book

of

James' photographic

H.

Sir

text

actual

by the

There are

words.^

full

copy,

12 acr.

3,

49

Tunc

prati.

Hoc

sol.

liberi

fi

pro

est

portions,

five

homines,post 2

et

follows,

the

it

is

being

abbreviations

found

in

replaced

mentioned.

or properties

Terre Will, de Warenne.

1.

In Tomestuna

as

is

Thompson, as

relating to

1

carucata

carucatae,

modo

&

tunc

terrse,

2

modo

post 1 bordarius,'

&

carucatse

dim.

Totum

valet

escangio.

Lands of William de Warren. In Tomestun there ai'e six free men and one carucate then (i.e., T. R. E., time King Edward) and afterwards * {i.e., T. R. H., time of King Harold) one bordar, now (i.e., T. R. W., time of King William) three there are twelve acres of meadow then (i.e., T. R. E.) and afterwards (T. R. H.) two carucates, now two and a half. The vehole is worth forty-nine shillings. This is by exchange. ;

of

;

"Judging from the manner first

viz.,

under tenants in

whole of another

name

him

attributed to

impossible

is

it

lands are

these tenant's

is

which the lands are arranged in Domesday Book, and secondly under hundreds and parishes, the attributed to William de Warren. In the cases where in

capite,^

mentioned, he generally will be found to

the tenant in caplte.

of

In either

it is so.

amount

of

My

land.

case,

opinion

is

that William

'

-

'

service, '

Munford,

p.

aci-es;

hold the

lands

a variable measure,

Sir.

is

no reason for supposing

or shillings, applies to the whole

sol.

de Wan-en held in

Henry Jenncr,

Tomestuna three

of the British lluscum.

63.

" Bordarii" wore

distinct

from the Villani and Servi, and seem

The "

to

have been of a

Each

less servile condition.

Villani" were occupiers of land at the will of the

on condition of performing certain services.

lord, *

The word "afterwards."

William

is

correct form '

"Tenants

military, to the

we have

not hold in

Among

the legal fictions of Bomesdiiy

looked upon as the immediate successor of

between the death

as

is

freeholders of a manor, but all persons holding in military

bordar had a cottage, with a small parcel of land allotted.

The

but there

however, the value, 49

The annotations have heen kindly made for me by Liberi homines. " Not merely the freemen or

>

As the carucate

say for certain whether the two-and-a-half carucates include the

to

before-mentioned one carucate and twelve that

;

of is,

is

one with respect

Edward, and a waj' had

to be

to the

marking

of time.

found to describe the time

Edward and the coming of William without recognising Harold's reign. Freeman, "post mortem Regis Edwardi," shortened in the above extracts to "post."

v.

741.

or in chief, held immediately of the King, and rendered their services, civil and There were sixty-two tcnants-in-chief in Norfolk {Munford, p. 4), and of those four held, in Thompson. The tenants-in-chief were accustomed to let their lands which they did

in capite,"

Crown.

seen, estates

domesno— hold

in hand, as

wo should

say

— to

sub-tenants, and

"by

a usage peculiar to England, each

sub-tenant, in addition to his oath of fealty to his lord, swore fealty directly to the Grown.'*

English People, p. 81.

A.D.

1068—71.

— Green's

Mist, of the

HISTORY OF THOMPSON.

6

one carucate with six freemen and three bordarii

estates, viz.,

King Edward amounted

two

;

twelve acres of

meadow

;

carucates, but

at the time and that in the time of Henry Jenner. of the Survey to two-and-a-half, the value of the whole being 49 sol." William de Warren bore for arms the well-known chequers, blazoned chequy, Munford says that he held at the Survey 145 manors in Norfolk, or and azure. This includes his estate in Thompson. He had of the annual value of £329. 4s. Od.

large

also

at

Lewes

supposed

possessions in other parts of Priory, whicli

be a

to

(but

He

England.

died

in

1089, and

His name, and that of

ho had founded.

daughter

to

his

more probably a step-daughter) of

Conqueror, have been brought to the recollection of the present

1845 of

discovery in

their

remains, and their re-burial in

was buried

wife Gundrada,

William the

generation by the

Southover

Church

near

Lewes.

Terre Rogeri Bigot.

2.

In Tomestuna 40

acr. terre

Lands of In Tomestun

worth three

&

dim. carucate,

&

valet

3

sol.

Roger Bigot.

there are forty acres of

laud and one-half

a carucate, and

it

is

shillings.

The word Terra in the text, simply signifies arable land as distinct from (See Introduction to Sir H. Ellis's edition wood, meadow, and common pasture. of Domesday Book, p. xxx, where Kennet, Glossar. Par. Antiq. is given as authority). The cai-ucate is defined by Sir H. Ellis (p. xlviii) as signifying as much arable land as could be managed by one plough and the beasts belonging thereto in one year; having meadow, pasture, and houses for the householders and cattle, belonging However, there is this ambiguity in some cases, that the scribes often used to it. the abbreviation, car or car'^ to signify either caruca (a plough and its team) or In this case, however, it is impossible, or at any rate very unlikely, carucata. It is most probable that two that a half share of a caruca should be intended. "

'

'

separate estates are intended."

in

Henry Jenner.

He held 187 manors Roger Bigot, a Norman, was Constable of Norwich Castle. 186'. valued of at £281. Isac) Od. per ann. Norfolk (see under next head, that

He founded

the

Cluniac Priory at Thetford.

Roger died in 1107.

Bigot bore. Or, a cross gules.

3.

In Tomestuna, 20

sol.

Hoc

est

1

liber

de feodo

homo,

1

Terre

Isac.

carucata

Radulfi comitis de

terre.

Stou.

Semper

1

carucata,

Robertus Blundus

&

valet

liberavit.

EARLY LAND-OWNERS IN THOMPSON.

The lands

of

Isac.

In Tomestun Isac has one freeman and one carucate of land.

There has always

been one carucate, and of

This is of Earl Ealf's fee [estate] its value is twenty shillings. Robert Blund gave livery of seisin [gave possession of the freehold,

Stow Bedon.

however, to military

subject,

service].

Semper one carucata means that at

time of

the

reference

and

so

the

have

mentioned

estate

was

one

carucate.

cultivation

but i-ather to the state of

possession,

would

improvements estate,

Survey,

the

Isac's

to

time of King Edward, subsequently, and

in the

probably have

increased the proportion of

made a

number

larger

no

has

It

land

the

of

arable land

in

the

and ploughs necessary, but by such a consideration.

teams

of

the question of ownership would not have been raised

Blund seems to have been associated with Earl Ralph in does not the possession of Stow Manoi", but whether as vassal or predecessor appear. Earl Ralph forfeited his lands before the time of the Survey, so does not appear among the tenants. See p. xxxvi of the Norfolk Survey, " Huic manerio Robert

This

'

iacebant

soc[manni]

vi

ea

die

qua

Henry Jenner. (perhaps a Jew Freeman,

Radulfus

forisfecit,

reddebant

qui

xvi

sol.

Roberto Blundo." Isac £5.

5s.

Od. per ann.

Earl Ralph William's

i-eign,

of

819)

v.

held five manors in

Norfolk valued at

Miinford.

Stow

was lord

—Ralph, of

Earl

of

many manors

Norfolk, one of the historic characters of in East Anglia

and elsewhere, and amongst

Stow Bedon, the next village to Thompson. Earl Ralph was half Englishman, He was one of the heads of the rebellion against William in 1075. He fled from his castle at Norwich to Denmark, and was outlawed, and in East Anglia a large part of his lands went to enrich the founder of the great house of them

of

half Breton.

Bigod.

—See

Freeman's

Norman

Conq.

4.

iv.

575

— 591.

Terre Berneri Are.

In Tomestuna 1 carucatam terre tenuit tempore Regis Edwardi [Aluricus, Tegnus Heroldi]

;

tunc

Hoc etiam de

1

carucata,

post

et

modo dimidia

;

1

bordarius

Lands of Berner the

'

&

valet xvi

sol.

Ai-cher.

In Tomestun [Aluric, Harold's Thane] held a carucate King Edward. Then it was a carucate, afterwards [T. R.

"Predecessor."

dispossessed

;

feodo Radulfi.

Englishman

of H.]

land in the time of

and now

This word seems to mean, in Domesday, tho same as tho often-used or

Norman.

Almost always, of course,

it

was an Englishman who was

title

[T. R.

W.]

anteeessor,

dispossessed.

a

HISTORY OF THOMPSOX.

8

There

half a canicate.

it

is

worth sixteen

This

shillings.

is

Henry Jennei:

also of the fee of Ralph. "

one bordarius, and

is

Aluricus, tegnus Heroldi,"

under Harold when Earl] is the days of King Edward.

i.e.,

Aluric, Harold's thane

It

is

held

evident that this same

to all the " tenuits " that follow, until another

a noble holding service

[i.e.,

mentioned above as having former tenant

Asscelea

Aluric

is

in

the nominative

introduced.

is

[Ashill]

It appears

had been held by various dispossessed persons in the time of King Edward, and the name of each is not always repeated in the that most,

if

not

all,

of

Berner's laud

recital of the different lands

Berner the Archer held

eleven

manors in Norfolk, valued at £20.

13s.

'id.

per

Munford.

aun.

5.

In Tumesteda ii

Henry Jenner.

belonging to them.

bovate

valet

;

1

ii sol.

Terre Rogeri Bigot.

homo, xv acr. & 1 acr. prati, tunc dim. Idem Rogerus tenet. Rex & comes socam.

liber

Lands

of

carucata,

mode

Roger Bigot.

and one acre of meadow, The value is two shillings. The then {i.e. T. R. E.) half a carucate, now two bovates.' same Roger holds this (i.e., holds it in his own hands). The king and the earl In Tumested one freeman and fifteen acres

[hold]

'

the

soc-

" Bovata."

one year), Ducange

A :

piece of land containing as

its

much ground

as one ox (or a pair of oxen) could plough

meaning, probably, a3 much as could be cultivated by a

Ducange says that the word instances of

(of arable)

is

much used

being reckoned as

10,

13,

in English charters,

man

and that the amount

{i.e.,

in

using an ox (or two oxen).

of a bovata varied.

and 18 acres; and says that eight bovates

of

He

gives

eighteen acres equalled

one carucate, according to an old statute on measures, which he quotes from Spelman. ^

"Soc."

Liberty to minister justice, or to hold a court of soc-men or tenants.

landowners, with permanent tenures, but

who owed

suit

and

service to the lord of the

Soc-men were inferior

manor.

^f

N

Ibc

SiKccssioiT

in

tjjc

Ulanors.

Merton, the next parish to Thompson, the family of

who

the tenant-in-chief>

manor at the Survey, never aliened it for his descendant (through an heiress) Thomas de Grey, Lord Walsingham, is the But in Thompson tlie four tenants-in-chief seem soon to present owner. Robert Bajniard,

held the

;

aliened their lands, for not even has Blomefield with all his industry and knowledge been able to trace the descent of the manors from the Norman owners. The only descent he mentions is on Isac's Manor, part of which was held, according to Testa de Neville (a document containing evidence respecting the estates held of the

have

king in the time of Henry Although, then,

and Edward I.), by Maud de Rochford. we do not know which of the Norman manors he III.

held, Blomefield us that at an early date William de Thomeston was lord of part of Thompson. His son, Robert de Thomeston,' was lord of the capital manor and patron of the church. tells

[This Robert de Thomeston had three daughters,

Robert Crowe

;

(ii)

Katherine, the

the youngest, wife of Peter

The

daughters,

three

second,

Copsey,

with

or,

as he

is

husbands, were

their

(i)

Margaret, the eldest, wife of

wife of

de la Sale

sometimes plaintiffs

in

(iii)

;

Aones,

Peter de Breccles.

called,

an

action

against a

Henry de Bersham in 1289, Bersham having set up a claim to the adv-owson Thompson which he could not substantiate, and the right of presentation to the

certain of

'

to

This Robertas de Thomestime with Dominus Galfridus de Thomestune were witnesses to a deed relating son of Sir Folk Baynard, of Merton. The deed, preserved at the British Museum, is

Geoffrey Baynard,

without date (communicated by

Lewes Priory lands

at Merton,

Mr.

J.

H.

was living in the

Greenstreet) .

This Geoffrey Baj-nard,

latter half of the thirteenth centurj-.

a

priest,

Blomefield,

who farmed

ths

under Merton.

The de Thomestons, though lost to their original seat, were afterwards represented by the Thompsons of Castle, who were descended from the ancient family sumamed of this Norfolk village; and Rowland of Thorpe Market, of the family of Thompson of Tinmouth, had this coat confirmed 1602, Az., a lion

Tinmouth Thompson

passant guardant or in a bordure ar.

Among

Blomefield,

ii.

370.

English ecclesiastical writers of the fourteenth century, Leland mentions John Thompson of Thompson in Norfolk, who, he says, flourished in 13S0. He belonged to the Order of Carmelites, and was educated note,

the

first

at Blakeney

and the

library

of

his

titles

of

and then

fifteen

at Oxford.

of his works

Order at Norwich."

Leland

He

are is

is

described as ranking with philosophers and theologians of

recorded, which, says Bale, " I have

disposed

Carmelite mentioned by Trithemius, Abbot of Spanheim.

C

to

identify

seen in a very beautiful

him with " John Campscen," an English

niSTORT OF THOMPSON.

10 living

was decided

belong to

to

three co-heiresses

the

de Thomeston family had come to an end in the male to

have bought the portions of his wife's

century his son

A

(?),

few years

sisters

and at

;

up

In 1307 there

satisfactorily.

the Rectory, and

to

own

Aula de Thomeston (who can be no

to

the lawsuit of avoidance,

(for it

is

nothing more)

Ci'owes

Botetorts

is

ever

lords

of

patron and

as

Ralph do Botetort

by

quite unsupported

were

the

the

de Botetort, one of the

Ten years

Sir Ralph's

of

cession,

that Sir

Guy

seems

it

about

again

in right

of

Robert

later, the heir,

other than Robert Crowe, one of the parties

right

his

exercises

1307)

by death or

a lawsuit

to the benefice, either

his wife, or as guardian of the heir in his minority.

de

is

1308 Sir

in

Norfolk magnates, presents a relative of his

the

tlie

the

is,

Roger Crowe appears end of the thirteenth

John Crowe, had become the great man of the parish. we find ourselves perplexed by difficulties which

right of presentation

its

That

common.'

later

impossible to clear

on

in line.

proof.

capital

Tliere

is

presents

nominee.

liad

the benefice guess

purchased the manor from

no evidence

manor, and

to

Blomefield's

to

much which

shew that the points

to

the

hands of

the

contrary.

The question Shardelows

and

?

remains,

still

It is

not

how

lilcely that,

if

did it

the

manor come

into

the

passed to them by purchase, no record of the

I suspect that, as in the case found in the Feet of Fines. of the de Thomeston family, so it came to pass with the Crowes, viz., that the family sale

release should be

died out in the male

line,

and that the

last heiress

was Agnes, the wife

Sir

of

John

de Shardelow, whose inheritance was the Thompson manor.

Looking through the mists which hang about the three centuries that elapsed after

Norman Conquest and which

the

are yet able fifty

to infer

years or

so,

necessarily

make

the history of that time obscure,

we

with a fair measure of certainty that for about a hundred and

a family which took their surname from the

little

parish where they

were the chief personages, held the lordship of Thompson from father out in the male line about the middle of the thirteenth century.

by another

race, the

Crowes, one of

whom

to son, and died Thay were succeeded

married the eldest of the three co-heiresses

Thompson. The Crowes did not enjoy the inheritance for more than three and vanished from the scene during the early years of Edward II. then the The new possessors were clearly not of Norfolk estate passed into other hands. extraction, they had but lately settled iu the county, though they were by no means

of the last de generations,

:

inconsiderable men.

The founder of the family was Robert de Shardelow, probably a Derbyshire man, who early in the thirteenth century, had made a reputation for himself as a lawyer, and had won a high position at the beginning of the reign of Henry III. In 1228 he was appointed a Justice of Assize, two years later he became one of the King's Justices Itinerant

'

:

in 1246 he

Albrtviatio Plaeitoium (folio, 1811), p. 283.

was sent ^

as Chief Justice

Blomefield.

to Ireland,

See, too, Rye's Norfolk Fxnes,

Edw.

and there I.,

No. 1019.

THE SUCCESSION IX THE MANORS.

He

he died about the j-ear 1255.'

left

behind him, as

it

11

seems,

two

sons,

Galfridus.

Galfridus, the younger, inherited a small estate in Ireland,

to his son

Robert, a child of three years old,

Edmund, the

branch we hear no more.^ there

which point to him,

are some indications

profession,

when

was the manor

though he made no mai-k.

his father died

had lands

elder son,

It

as

too,

in

Edmund and

which descended

in 1274.

Of

this

Cambridgeshire, and

having followed his father's

far otherwise

with his son Sir John

of Thompson at the beginning of the i)E Shardelow, who became lord of fourteenth century, was an eminent Justice of the King's Bench, and largely increased When he died in 1344, he had estates in Cambridgeshire, his worldl}^ possessions.

and Norfolk; but he appears to have resided chiefly at the manor house of Thompson when he died, and where he was buried, as appears by the wording of his grandson's will, which has been preserved to our own time. SiR John had three sons. .Suffolk,

The

eldest,

Shardelow,

Edmund, died before

who

The other two sons

father's death

their

father,

and

it

was his

son, a

second Sir John de

succeeded to the great bulk of his grandfather's property in Suffolk

and Cambridgeshiie. at

his

both

married,

of Sir

but

both

John de Shardelow, the judge, were childless. The one bore the same

name as his father. Of the family of his wife, Joanna, we know nothing. The other brother, SiR Thomas, had taken to wife, Margaretta, daughter of Sir Roger de Grey of Cavendish, co. Suffolk, and gi-and-daughter of Sir Thomas de Grey of Morton, the ancestor of Lord "Walsingham, and the first of that noble familj*, which has handed down the estate from father to son without a break for more than five Christian

hundred years.

When

SiR JoHN DE

Shardelow

the judge, died, he left the

Thompson

adowson of the Rectory, together with other manors in Essex, to his two younger sons, and it appears that the second Sir John de Shardelow resided at Thompson, keeping up some state according to the fashion of the time in the manor house. The other brother. Sir Thosias, was a man of more ambition, who seems to His success as a lawyer, have aspired to emulate his father's distinguished career. estate with the

however, was but moderate

:

he did attain to the position of King's Attorney in 1379,

but he can have held the oflSce little more than two years, for in 1382 he was dead and another had succeeded to the appointment. By the death of Sir Thomas, the Shardelows of Thompson came to an end, and a new chapter in the history of the little parish begins, of which it will be our business to treat in its due course.]

The following pedigree

(as far as concerns the last three generations) has

from Gage's History of the Hundred of Thingoe,

'

Dugdale's Origines Juridiciaks. •

The

Calendar of Documents relating

p.

dates, &c., are given in the to

Ireland (a.d. 1171-1301.)

c2

been taken

GO.

Appendix, which he

Record

calls Chronica Series.

Series, 4 vols.,

1875-1881.

12

HISTORY OF TUOlirSON.

PEDIGREE OF SHARDELOWE. Robert de Shardelow, probably of Shardlow,

co. Derby. His wife"8=p does not appear, a.d. 1 228, appointed Justice of Assize; a.d. 1'230, Justice Itinerant for York a.d. 1231, Justice Itinerant for Cambs, Essex, Herts, Hunts, &c. ; a.d. 1246, sent to Ireland as Justice Itinerant; 125.5 was A.D. dead. Some disputes arose about certain lands of his in Ireland, and again in 1257. Calendar of Documents relating to Ireland, vol. i.

name

;

a^

Edmundus de Shardelow, a.d. r280held= lands in Cambs, which he had for liis life by the gift of Sir John de Lovetot, who was raised to be Justice of the Common Pleas in 1275. He held also a good house and other lands in the same county.

Galfiidus de Shardelow, probably son. a.d. 1274 died. Held lands in Ireland of no great extent. He had given a "stone house" in Dublin to the Hospital of St. John of Jerusalem in Dublin, and the brotherB of the order.

younger

Pns. Johannes de Phardelowe do Shardclowe=T=Agnes, in Barton parva in Suff. Jliles, unus Justic de 13 Ed. III. Banco Reg. 6 Ed. III., et ad Tlacita coram Rege 13 ejusd. Reg., et de Banco 16 ejusd. Reg., ob. 5 Mart., 18 Ed. III., ann. 1344. Had lands in Suffolk, Norfolk, and Cambs. ,

Edmundus

de'

Shardelowe, fil. primog.,ob. v.p.

de Shardelowe, persona eccles de Ilempton in 1311, et postea de Uerings-

Robert de Shardelow, aged 3 yrs. in Jan. 1274. The only

well.

son of Galfridus.

Dns. Johannes=Joanna, de Shardelowe, vidua 43 2 Edw. III. miles, ob. s. p. Ed. III. 1369. A.D. 1350. These two (with the consent of his brother Thomas) exchange the manors of Copped Hall and Shingled Hall in Essex, for the manors of Camps and

same county, and the manor

I

Of dis-

cover no more.

vidua,

in the

Robert

this

Dns. Thomas de Shardelowe, =Margareta,

:Margareta,

Barham

H

Edmundus

miles; a.d. 1367 made Clerk to the icing's Attorney a.d. 1374, appointed Coroner of the King's Household; ad. 1379, succeeds as Attorney to the king. Ob. s. \>. ;

sororThomse fil.

Rogeri de

Grey de Cavendiiih.

— Jjugdalc.

of

Orsey in Cambs with the Abbot of Waltham. Cat. Pat. Rot. p. 159. The two brothers, on the ISth Dec, A. R. R. Edw. III. 25°, have licence from the king to confer the advowson of the church of Cowling, co. Suff., on the Cuitos and Fellows of Trin. Hall, and that it should bo held as impropriate to the College. (Inq. ad quod damnum.)

Dns. Johannes de Shardelowe de= Shardelowe in Barton, lilius et hceres, aet. 21 ad mortem avi ob. mens. Nov.

=

Katherina de Shardelowe.

Margareta.

;

1391, 15 Rich. II. I

1

Joanna de=T=Johanncs

Dns. Robertus de Shardelowe, miles, =pEla, ob. 8th Nov. 1457, Elizabetha de ob. die Sab. px. ante fest S. Jacobi, sepultineccl.S.Mariie, Shardelowe, ApostoU, 1 Hen. IV. Inq. p. m. apudS.Edmundsbury.ob. s. p. r Dns. Johannes de Shardelowe, miles,= Margareta fil. WillelmiLovenat. apud Fulburn in Cantab., ob. 2 Hen. neye.dni.maneriide Stratton, VI., 3. p. Suff, 9 Hen. V.

Sharde-

I



lowe.

|

de I

Brews Parva

in Suff.'

"

r Robertus

le

miles,

et ha^res.

fil.

le

Wenham

Brews,



Thomas Brews, mil., fil. et hferes, ad mortem Johannis de Shar-

set. 26,

delowe, cujus est ha;res 2 Hen. VI. ' She became, in 1369, a religious votary in the College of Thompson, where she died. Blomefield, ii. 361, gives her vow and manner of making it: "She appeared before Thomas Percy, Bishop of Norwich, in the private chapel of his manor house at Thomage, where he then resided" [the manor of Thomage, near Holt, belonged to the Bishops of Norwich till the 27th Henry VIII.] "and at mass she kneeled down before the Bishop (Master 'V\'^illiam Blithe, Archdeacon of Norfolk, Sir Simon de Babingle, and William le Swineflete, and others being present as the Bishop's witnesses) and, joining her hands, he then took them into his hands, and then she vowed in these words Jeo Johanne qui fuy la femme Johan de Shardelowe, avowe et promette a Dieux et a nostre Dame Seinte Marie et a Seint Martin et as toutez Seintz, de vivere en perpetuele chastete a Terme de ma Tie, a Vous Reverent Pere en Dieux Sire Thomas par la Grace de Dieux evesque de Norwiz, et en vostre Presence, et en la Presence de Sire Thomas de Shardelowe [this was her brother-in-law, and joint founder, with her late husband, of the college. Ibid, p. 16.], Sir Johan Grene, Mestre de la Chauntrie de Thomestone, John Clovylle, et autrez.'" ' Her will is amongst the Bury Wills printed by the Camden Society, p. 14. Her gravestone, stripped of its brasses, is in the south chancel aisle of St. Mary's, Bury St. Edmund's, Tymms' Bury St. Edmund's, p. 25. ' He was also of Stinton Manor in Sail, Norfolk. See Blomefield, under Sail.



'

:





THE SrCCESSIOX IX THE MANORS. In a

field

Thompson

foundations of

can

The Hall Meadow," abutting on the north boundary

be seen, after

mansion which

a

road leading to

"

called

still

Carr,

it

still

is

a

long drought,

"

called

the

says was

tradition

Way "

The Hall

filled

up and planted about

house of the capital manor, the

fifty

situation

and

;

part of

the

The

Hall.

formerly had another had moats or fish-ponds, was probably the manor

It

When

Thompsons and Crowes.

residence of the de

of

it

It

years ago.

of

Thompson

called

approach, from the direction of the college and church.

which were

13

manor to the college, the hall perhaps fell into decay. Some time after 1.307, Sir John Shardelowe, Knight, Justice of the Common Pleas, held the capital manor, and settled it on his sons Sir John and Sir Thomas. The family of Shardelowe was of much importance. Sumamed, no Blomefield, ii. 372. doubt, of Shardelowe in Derbyshire, it was established, before 1311, at Little Barton, the Shardelowes gave the capital

or

Barton Mills in Suffolk, where

Downham, and Caverham. settled

at

—Gage's

near

Shimpling,

Diss,

it

held

in

and the mansion of the Shardelowes

Though the family seems (in

SufTolk

its

lands

Norwich, died 1712

;

it

as

i.,

there,

p.

Thelveton,

50.

Brandon,

Mildenhall,

branch of the family the

next

village

to

was

sold

In 1680, the Manor of Shimpling, to

Mr. Mott.

date (1630) to have lost

continued in

in

A

and Anthony Shardelowe, Gent., both

Gent.,

had passed, through

Thingoe, under Flempton), of

at this

as well

In

Norfolk.

Thomas Shardelowe, Gav:dy MS. at Merton, pai-t

Shimpling, in 1598, held lands.

lands,

Thingoe, under Flempton.

its

Blomefield,

possessions

in

a female, to the Brewes family. the county.

i.

158.

Norfolk

—Gage's

Henry Shardelowe, Alderman

and at Thorpe, near Norwich, and other places in Norfolk, who still bear the name.

there are several farmers and tradesmen

14

HISTORY OF THOMrSON.

Cljc

N

|nljabit;iiifs

the to

parish

the

names

of

tj)c

from

Ctnturij.

Jfourttcntjj

Record Office there are several relating

They are

Thompson.

the parishioners

of

in

lay subsidies at the



lists

(r|)oinpson

of

five

of

great interest, as

hundred and

to

fifty

giving

three

the

hundred

and forty years ago and also as showing how surnames were often formed some cases, the filace of residence (as, Walkelyn de Rockland), in others ;

how, in

the spot in the village

Christian

name

(as,

(as,

John

John

atte Tounesende), in others the father's or ancestors'

John

FitzWalter,

Warin)

became

gradually

hereditary

surnames. It is worthy of notice, too, that within three hundred years of the Conquest, only two Saxon Christian names are found in so remote a village as Thompson, and in a population no doubt of Saxon descent, for the surnames are chiefly Saxon, showing (On how entirely Noi'man and Scripture Chi'istian names had superseded Saxon. this point see Freeman's Nornidn Conquest, v. 5G1.) Out of a total of seventy-one names in the first list, there are thirteen Williams, ten Thomases, and fifteen Johns,

showing a

sort

fashion (as

of

we

now, occasionally, in our country villages) for

find

particular names.

The surnames, we must as

I'enicmbei-,

would

England, before that time, there

in

surname.

Freeman,

is

all

have been gained since the Conquest,

no ascertained case of a

strictly hereditary

565.

v.

Lay subsidies were taxes levied on the lands and personal property of the laity. The clei'gy were separately assessed. The first Lay Subsidy is dated 1st Edward III. (1327), and contains seventyThe sum total collected was £4. 16s. Sd. one names, four being destroyed. The These sums paid by each person vary from 3s. Qd. to Grf. gradations show that there was not a very unequal distribution of property, and that none of the payers the tax were rich and none very poor.

of at

this

and

time

(the

copjdiolders

fourteenth

having

from

century),

one

to

In the neighbouring village of Merton

there were a great

ten

acres

of

land,

many and

it

small is

freeholders

probable

that

These small holdings were rarely inclosed, Thompson. would ojjen country, with much heath, common whole village be the indeed nearly and marsh, the cultivated lands not having fences, but being bounded by balks of this

was the

case

also

at

grass.

The names with

stars

are

not in the

list

of

1333.

LAY SUBSIDIES.

Lay

Subsidies, Norfolk, No.

Hundredum

'f,

15

Ao. 1st Edward

de Wayland.

Membrane

III.,

1327.

14.

ViLLATA DE ThOMISTON'.

De Cristiana de Houtofi De Ainicia ad Aquam ^ ^ De Robei'to ad Fontem - De Thoma Wimer De Roberto Mone De Thoma Hulot * De Tlioma Willeman De Johanne de Langford De Willelmo Dorant* De Roberto Doraunt De Thoma Noble De Thoma Grigg' De Emma Carpenter De Johanne Faber De Thoma Freman De Johanne Folpe De Johanne Kyng De Willelmo Kyng De Roberto ad Ecclesiam ^ De Willelmo Busshel De Johanne Dobissone ^ De Willelmo Gibion De Willelmo Gilyon'= '

'

iijrf.

of

the same were witnesses to a deed (now at Mcrton

II. (1315).

Ad Aquam,

respectively, '

iij.s.

John do Houton de Thomeston and Peter Crowe

HaU), 8th Edw. '

-

i.e.,

ad Fontem, ad Ecclesiam, de Aula, indicate the situation of the houses in which these " near the water," " near the well," "near the church," " of the Hall."

In a deed at Merton Hall {Conv. of

abutting on that of Thos.

le

Neve.

St. Paul,

2nd Edw.

Witnesses, Robert of the

III.)

men

lived

Robert Durant conveys to Eoger Burzoun,

liind

HaU, Simon ad Aquam, John Herynges, and

All these names are in the above subsidy, and throughout the deed, which

is

most clearly written, the place

othera. is

spelt

Thomuston. *

The Norman-French

'

Dobbissone

"

From

pet form of

Hugh.

= Dobson.

Julian, a popular

Norman name.

an importer or manufacturer of a coverlet called a chalon. ' William de Grene of Tomcston, was one of the witnesses to a conveyance {22nd July, 1323), of land in Merton, near the hill called Rynghowe (RinghUl), from Thos. Gernoun of Merton to Ralf, the son of Peter, Chaplain of Merton (deed at Merton Hall that date). '

Chaloner,

16

De Johanne Lynforth

HISTOEY OF THOMPSON.

THE POLL TAXES.

17

pay ten marks; every earl was to and so on, down to the lowest ranks, in which every person above the age of sixteen was to pay a groat. The clergy, in their Convocation, adopted the same intricate method of taxation, one result of which was to produce "one of the most important records of the state of the population the

first

upon

subject in the realm, being called

pay four pounds

England that has ever been draw'n up

of

Again the .somewhat

was a disappointment

result less

discussion,

Tax Rolls of the year 1379." amount raised was, in this instance,

the

:

Poll

and the

;

;

than had been levied two years before.

Eight months the times

of

to

barons and bannerets two pounds

;

the Parliament again met, at

later,

seemed

Commons

the

to

serious

so

Tax was determined on

the third Poll

as

Northampton and the exigencies after some hesitation and a necessity, to which the people ;

that,

were compelled to submit, in view of the gloomy aspect of tax was granted female, of

of

groats from each

three

whatever estate or condition of

lay

life,

affairs.

Accordingl}^ a

and

person in the kingdom, male

over the age of fifteen years, except

veritable beggars, as before.

In the third Poll Tax there was again a change in the manner of levying Tlie

hanl and fast

with which every a

to

pay

in

the instance of

new experiment was

every township was assessed at a shilling a head collect

was

;

it.

the second tax, in accordance

his quota according to his rank,

adopted, or rather a

township was bound to in

down

laid

man was

new method was

of

line

was given

tried

:

the

and

up,

population

but the aggregate which the

to be so levied that

the rich were to

make

up,

each case, any deficiency which the inability of the poor to pay their tax might

occasion.

No man

was

pay more than 20s. himself and his wife to

for

himself and his wife, and

no

less than 4cZ. for also. The principle here carried whereby the richer inhabitants of a township were called upon to help the weak, was borrowed from the French plan of levying the Fouage, or hearth tax, as imposed

one

out,

in

1369.

In

effect,

the poorer classes

;

the

third Poll

but the

teri'ible

Tax made a demand

of

no moi-e than

id.

upon

frequency with which this burden had been laid

upon them, and the novelty of the exaction, gave occasion for the great rebellion of 1381, though it was in itself only one of many causes of the irritation which pi'evailed among the masses, and which contributed to bring about the revolt of the labouring classes.

After the year -1380, the expedient of raising

money by a

capitation

tax was never tried again.

From

the following return

householders in that twelve of

it

may

be inferred that, in 1381, there were seventeen

Thompson who were above the rank of labourers. It would also appear the inhabitants were what we should now call paupers, from whom

nothing could be got

;

and that the whole population of the parish can hardly

estimated as less than between two hundred and two hundred and fifty souls.]

The names with a

star (*) are not in the lists of 1327

and 1333.

I'e

18

HISTORY OF THOMPSON.

A.D. 1381.— Poll Tax Ao.

Hundrednm Lay

4tli

Richard

dc Wajdound'.

Subsidies, Norfolk, No.

'^'.

II.

LAY SUBSIDIES. Robertus Mone' Robertus Ine Joh' Ine

Margareta Siklyng'

Johanna Mono

Agnes Pollard Margareta Parlet Margareta Poutere Alicia Bele

Katerina Julion Katerina Bloye Job' Astel

Margareta Dobber Alicia

Bee'

Job' Kyng'^

Thomas Asshele * Thomas ffyket -

20

HISTORY OF THOMPSON.

became known sometimes would be easy got their believe

name

name

to

of

John Hering and sometimes

men

in

as

John

At-thc-fonn's-pml.

Norfolk villages about

tliis

period

It

who

Town's-end or At-town's-cnd in consequence of doing that which I did. This explanation will account for the absence of John Ilering's

John Hering

in the next

atlc

He

list.

first-named personage

John

as

find fifty instances of

is

in fact included

and appears as the most important and

on the assessment, but he appears not as John Herring, but as

Townsende.1

In the latter part of the fourteenth century the Herrings seem to have been a family at Thompson.

man

of

John Heryng

more substance than

that Lettice, coheiress of

his

is

mentioned in the Lay Subsidy of

neighbours.

Henry de Breton,

Blomefield

(under

1327 as a

Shropham), states

Pakenham's Manor, married John Herring, was lord of his mother's

of Breton's or

John Herring of Thompson. Their son and heir, Agnes, the other coheiress of Henry de Breton, moiety of Bretons Manor in 1393. married de Pakenham, and her son, Henry de Pakenham, inherited her moiety. About 1408, Henry Pakenham of Pakenham's Manor, Shropham, became heir to Henry Herring of Thompson, clerk, and so the whole of Pakenham's Manor (ami I suppose



Herring's property in Thompson) was joined in him.

21

Cljampsoii in Ibc Bulccntb Ccnturn.

ETWEEN

c

^O)

the reigns of Richard II. and

the

holders in

years

we

That

are

left

have gone on in the famil}' but a

lifted

little

way,

parish have

little

Rolls supply.

much

very

in

or rather, as

dark

the

When

the old

theatres,

in

lists

of house-

than one hundred and forty as

people.

the

of

life

such

been found as the Subsidy and Poll Tax

period of more

a

for

is,

YIIL no

ITcnrv

curtain

the

again

rises

down

let

is

it

men above

but

mere labourer.

the

the sixteenth centur}^

Indeed,

value. it

was

as

it

it

Let

it

be remembered that

money cannot be estimated

when we

to

sa}-

A

borrow or amass twenty pounds.

upon such men would be

at

that

tax

times very burdensome, and hence

all

in

of

little

Small

beginning of present

its

1524

year

the

pound

of the soil to raise or save one

for a small cultivator

at least as difficult

the

at

is

they could,

than twenty times

at less

speaking below the truth

is

would be now

get their assessment set as low as

to

it

but a

way, and we are introduced only to the people of some substance and property.

men, indeed, and men who took care

may

changes that

the

to

five

i^er

cent.

became necessary

it

some curiously-regulated economical

to provide that its incidence should be differentiated bj'

arrangements.

The

instalment

second

the

Subsidy Roll, of which a transcript

first

of

tlie

is

given below-,

is

the assessment for

Parliament of 1523 had voted in

impost which the

view of the great expense which the war with France had rendered necessary. that

Act

the Act, contribute

it

was ordered that during the

all

lands and personal property

one

shilling

in

the pound; in

and

all

20s.,

The

discontent caused

to

yearly

be submitted

tuages

to,

averaging

by and it

this is

the

evident

value

the

of

pound;

£20

of

after

and upwards should

all

property

should be taxed at fourpence

that

was

among

personal

of

course

that

in

the

very great, but

the poor people of

property

By

the passing of

["goods"] between "goods" of the value of 40.?.,

personal

all

taxation

severo

men and one woman, who had no

first

(ii)

£20 and £2 should pay sixpence

and second years

was worth

pound.' it

had

Thompson eleven taxing,

had

to

pay their quota upon their yearly wages, nine of them being recipients of one pound a year, and

three

of

them getting three pounds a

'

Brewer's

Seigii

of Henri/ VIII.

year, all

vol.

i.

p. -ISl.

presumably getting their

HISTORY OF THOMPSON.

22 board, and

The

taxable. 8e%'eral is

rest

tlioni,

perhaps, a dwelling, willi certain perquisites which were not

were evidently the small occupiers

of

the

parish,

land-owners, not owners of estates of inheritance themselves

clearh'

&c., the

some of

made upon "goods"

tenants of the

for the assessment

;

only, such goods including cattle, sheep, farining implonients,

owners of lands being taxed upon

ditl'ereut

assessment, the records of which have

probably perished.

On

a

comparison

Roll of 1381,

names that occur

appears that an

it

had come about

of the

in less than

Lay

A.D. 1524.

:ilino.st

entire

a century and a

in

this

list

of

in

tlie

cliango

1524 with

surnames of the

jyriniis

Pory

of

Subsidies, Norfolk, No.

William

-

-

.

Richard Nobys

Of Of Of Of Of Of Of Of Of Of Of Of Of Of Of Of

John Chamber Robert Shrimpling

-

James Shrymplyng

-

Peter Jelyon

-

John Jelyon Thomas Buntjmg William

Aleii

-

John Thompstoii William Wecher William Manser John Hunt William Rolff

-

William Manser

James Cannon John Rumbold John Bay

'

ij.s.

vj
pari.sh

luilf.]

l|',

Ao. 15th Henry VIII.

Villa de Thompston'.

In

the Poll-tax

Of Of Of Of Of Of Of Of Of Of Of Of Of Of Of Of Of Of

Robert Canon

William Morys

Henry Theyn John Rolff John

-

Rolf, junior

William Mortymer

-

Robert Aldewyn Richard Mounteney

John Heyward William

tint

-

John Shropham

Thomas Stone

-

Richard Rotter

John Pay John Levi'ifi John Mountnry Jolni Mortymer Kateryne Mower

-

THOMPSON IX THE SIXTEENTH CENTURY.

Subsidy of 34tb and

A.D. 1543. Under

this

subsidy,

in

coin,

plate,

Ijounds,

payable in three

stock,

years,

35tli

Hen. VIII.

persons not

merchandize, corn in

store,

23

worth more than

household

stuff,

and

five

other

moveable goods, and money owing above just debts, were to pay fourpence in the pound, with a rising scale of eightpence, sixteenpence, and two

shillings, to £20 and upwards. £5 annual value, eightpence in the pound was levied from £5 to £10, sixteenpence; from £10 to £20, two shillings; above £20, three shillings. It seems by the following list that all the parishioners worth less than twenty shillings in goods were excused payment.

On

real

estates,

of

£1

to

;

There are only two holders of real estates mentioned, viz., George Brond, Gent., and Peter Porge, Gent. The College would have been taxed separately. There must have been other owners, though they are not mentioned, such as the lord of Boutetors Manor.

The men

of

most substance in goods were William Grey, Gent, (he had three

and was no doubt of the family of de Grey of Merton), John Malkyn,* John Rolf,* Peter Jelyon, William Pert, Thomas Wells, John Thayne,* William Hallidaye,* Agnes Freeman, Richard Cowper.* Those marked with a star are mentioned in the Inventory of Church Goods, 6th Ed. children

baptised at Thompson, see chapter on Registers,

VI., q.v.

Tompson'.

Lay

Subsidies, Norfolk, No.

Thomas Amye, in goodeg John Malkyn, in goodeg Richard Pert, in goodeg Peter Jelyon, in goode5

John Brown John Amye,

alias

34tli

and 35th Hen. VIII.' xls.

----.

.

.

.

.

.

.

-

-

-

-

.

-

.

.

.

Lyncolne, in goodeg

in goode3

An.

J|^,

-

-

--------------

Richard Mounteney, in goode3

-

.

.

-

-

.

-

Alice Mortimer, in goode^

Will Pert, in goode3

Thomas Wells, in goodej Jame^ Canon, in goode3

-

George Bronde, Gent., in lande3

John Wigges,

in goode3

Richard Cowper, in goode3

-

-----

xiijli. vj.s.

HISTORY OF THOMPSON.

24 John Spencer,

in

goodc;

xl.s.

Jolian Bave, vidua, in goocle3 Jolin Bonneswell, in goodej

John Thayne, in goocle5 John Rolf, in goode5 Clement Hedd, in goode'j William Mortymer, in goode5

John Cooke,

in goodej

-

Richard Boneswell, in goode3

Henric Hogc, in goodc; Robert Cade,

in

goodc;

John Manncer, in goode-j Agne5 ffreman, vidua, in goodej Agne5 Pory, vidua, in goode5 The town Stock, in goodej William Grey, gent, in goodej Peter Porj-e, in lande^, by j'ere

William Hallidaj'e, in goode^

Thomas Nobbes, in goode^ Thomas Cade, in goodc;

Tax

-

25

Some

Recount of (tljompsoir College.

" That length of

frail and fire-scorched wall Once screened the hospitable hall When yonder broken arch was whole, 'Twaa there was dealt the weekly dole

And where yon The chapel So

fiits

Nor

tottering columns nod,

sent the

hymn

to God.

the world's uncertain span

zeal for God, nor love for

man,

Gives mortal monuments a date

Beyond the power "These

walls,

we

altogether as

from an

evil

— Carlyle's

of

Time and Fate."

Rohehy.

men of flesh and blood, made who knows but we ourselves had taken refuge and meditate on an Eternity, in such fashion as we could."

I say, were not peopled with fantasms, but with

Had thou and

are.

Time, and

fled to

I then been,

dwell here,

Past and Present.

INTRODUCTORY NOTE. HE

preceding section, which

tells

us something about the inhabitants of

during the Fourteenth Century, though gi^'ing

may be of

the

regarded as a digression.

little

"We have now

more than

Thompson

their names,

to consider the significance

the great event in the history of the parish, namely the foundation

Thompson College

bj-

of

Thomas de Shardelow. religious orders in England had begun

the brothers John and

In the fourteenth century the older

to be esteemed than formerl}', and the influence of the Benedictine monasteries and the Canons' houses was on the wane. The austere Carthusians continued to be held in great

less

reverence even to the end, and Monasteries of this order continued to be built even far

though East Anglia knew nothing of these severe and ri"-id in a wholly different position. In theory, and to a very large extent in practice too, they lived upon the voluntary alms of the people, into the fifteenth century,

ascetics.

The Mendicant orders were

26

HISTORY OF THOMPSON.

which flowed in upon them in a perennial stream. income from landed estates or

They were

from the country

tithes, alienated

great confiscation came there was nothing to rob them treasures they

contained,

Mendicant orders

their

awakened

— the Friars—had, without

When

Universities.

intending

new

taste

and

afford,

who

became the

it

practice

tasted of

for

It seems that

among

century there was an increasing desire

Obviously

universities.

working clergy should and,

possible,

if

the

bishops

who asked

it,

at the university;

be encouraged

gave

of

a

the

keep

to

for

the

of

communitj^

and

cultivated

non-residence to

the

that

knowledge,

pace with the progress of

To promote

intellect.

this

any beneficed clergyman

to

proceed to the higher degrees

but this implied that he would be absent from his parish sometimes

at

never meant seriously to

Of

as often

least tr}^

for

as

course the

postulant for a degree in canon

he succeeded in getting

it

sometimes he

;

But in the meantime, whatever might have been

it.

which he had obtained his licence of non-residence, his parish was

under

to be served

marked, and

ver}'

all

between the

distance

clergy during the fourteenth

the beneficed

on the ground that he was anxious

law or theology, failed the excuse

the

and

great

advantage

learning

licence

was required of

culture ;

prolong or to renew their residence at the

to

the

for

term of seven or even ten years.

for a

left

was

it

become men

readily

for

standard of

very

as the priory or the

young men of all classes to repair for a much longer period tlian is

Oxford were strong upon men who had once

of Cambridge or

life

chains.

its

higher

man was

non-university

the

of the

two

the

in

astir

But a time came when even

any career in the Church or the State

to

and

academic attractions

A

our days.

sufiicient in

aspired

gave to the

the}'-

now

and culture

living

the universities, and there to pursue their studies

considered

which

learning

for

the great monasteries were the great schools and colleges of the

monks themselves were not content with such abbey could

But the

lived.

been exercising a great corrosive

stimulus

the clergy were, as a rule, educated in the cloister.

pcof)le,

to

it,

by the powerful

enquiry and to the

of

spirit

parishes, that wlicn the

except their churches and the

of,

and the houses in which they

libraries,

upon the older Conventuals

force

dependent upon

so little

by a

chaplain, or

curate,

who

retained

cure only as long as he

his

could find no more lucrative employment, and while he held

do much more than he could help doing for his

salary.

it,

It

he did not, as a

must be borne

rule,

mind

in

that the supply of clergy was, at the beginning of the fourteenth century, very large

number

the that of

the the

clergy, social

of

young men admitted

to

holy orders

stipends of the unbeneficed chaplains

were

profession "

who

many, the

men who were

the non-residence of

quite

poor, unlearned,

The

startling.

were scandalously small.

competition was excessive and

lived as they could, were generally

position,

is

men

result

;

was

If the "prizes

tlie

unsuccessful

of defective education, of equivocal

and very frequently

of

low morale.

the beneficed clergy became more and more the fashion,

it

As was

inevitable that over large tracts of

country, parish after parish would find itself deserted

by

a

its

levied

rector

upon

and the

given over inhabitants

to

were

mere all

hireling.

carried

awa)'

The

tithes

to

be spent

and

fees

meanwhile

elsewhere;

a poor

was a crying

Edmund

But

some

years

institution,

which

was

it

be a growing one.

to

felt

unsatisfactory

one

as

still

of

bears

earliest

tlie

began

he

before

the

in

founders at the University of Cambridge.

provide

to

well-known

is

plan

out a

struck

first

Gonville

things.

of

state

was a Norfolk man,

It

who

Rector of Rushworth, near Thetford,

this

of education

history

and

evil,

Gonville,

remedying

for

The

only being reserved as a bare maintenance for the officiating chaplain.

pittance evil

27

ACCOUNT OF THOMPSON COLLEGE.

SOME

endowment

the

for

the

of

larger

name, he had already embarked upon his scheme of

his

the little college of St. John the Evangelist at Rushworth endowment for its support in perpetuity. The foundation of Rushworth College was a new departure, and it commended itself at once to several of the great landlords of the district as a wise and farsighted measure, which deserved to be carried out where opportunity offered. Gonville's Rural College was not meant to be an educational institution. might It easily admit of a school being affiliated to it if any one might choose to provide the funds

reform by opening

parochial

and pi'oviding

for

a moderate

such an addition to the original foundation

nothing

more

band

working clergymen bound

in

of

the

parish,

and always

the call

at

their

common home,

some

little

hospitality,

enjoying a sufficient

would be sure

half-starved clerical tramps and

if

These

no

at

small

and the dying, asking clergymen, occupying

and

income,

large

a

for

always to be resident

associated

very

much higher

be held in

to

a

House

Clergij

the sick, the needy,

of

Gonville aimed

starting

at

call

together in common,

to live

counsel and their spiritual supervision.

for their

but

;

we should now

securing what

than

exercising

estimation

than the

wayfarers, under whose slovenly ministrations the rustics

could not but suffer grievously, while their wandering habits and the shifts that they

were too often driven

The College gathering tlie

of

of

to

brought disrepute upon the whole

Rushworth was opened on the 31st August, 1342, and the large magnates who attended at the opening ceremony testified to

Norfolk

importance of

the

occasion

in

the

opinion of

Rushworth College were printed by the

Statutes of

of the Norfolk Archaology

they were

;

were adopted

evident!)'

himself

they

colleges

which were founded within a radius of

were:

lifetime,

Ashe

;

late Dr.

founded

Sir

founder's

of the

original

ambitious project

;

carefully laid down.

legal

The

present.

Bennet, in the 10th volume

drawn up with great care by Gonville

alterations less

in

at

six

least

other rural

than twenty miles from Rushworth

in

1346;

founded

in

Constantino

Thompson, founded 13G0.

They

Mortimer, was

left

difficulties

which

intentions.

Gonville

nor did they

who

which

stood

evidently

in

the

I

by

unfinished till

Raveningham,

1349;

in

Attleborough,

Robert at his death in 1387, and was not completed

consequence

were

Three of these colleges were actually established during

"Winfield,

begun before 1354 by Sir

slight

who

those

and two others wore founded a few years after his death.

College,

founded in 1350

only

w^ith

during the next few years. Gonville's

clerical order.

several

way

contemplated

of

no

suspect his

years after,

carrying

very

was

brother

out

great

in

the

and

followed his lead depart from the lines he had so

All these colleges were intended to be mere Clergy Houses, in which

E 2

HISTORY OF THOMPSON.

28 were

priests

five

One

community.

together as a

live

to

was

these

of

be Master

to

he was to he was to be elected by the brethren when a vacancy occurred little community, as over the the abbot of a or prior dictator irresponsible no bo primus inter pares, personally he was to be no more than great monastery was or Gustos

:

:

:

for

the

in

his

duties

assisted

the

of

the

of

official

Bishop

was subject too

the

;

or

there,

of

tired

daih'

the

and chief

the freeliold

in

life

was

resident

was

answerable

the

to

the house

were not bound

they

;

make any surrender

the college

regulations

disciplinary

regard to the

with

especially

mortals

fallible

of

He

for

he

:

be

to

The brethren were not bui'dencd by

they were not required to

life

certain

to

always

coadjutors.

his

the Society were conducted, and

visitation.

by

not be observed

of

tired

submit

episcopal

periodical

when they became members

property

as

corporation

a

as

in which the affairs of

to be kept

strict

grew

way

could

that

rule

to

and

parish,

tlie

brethren

brethren

by the

held

the

for

of

by the other

community, but no mere personal tenant

little

estates

charge

spiritual

responsible

their

of

a

by vows

their

private

it when they They were required to

they might leave

;

associates.

as

to

dress

services

in

the

and

matters

other

church

;

of

beyond

but

routine,

this,

little

more was laid upon them than that they sliould, while continuing to be members of the community, live together as Christian gentlemen in temperance, soberness, and chastity

;

be ready to perform the ordinary duties of

and

at

As long

reasonable liours.

as

parish

original founders efficient

additional

had in view,

increased,

and

the

represent

them

in

the parishioners, tone of the

the

so long did

dropping

came

endowments

found

brethren the

services

exactly

in

of

that

unpretending way which their

till

of,

and the more surely did abuses creep of

might easily

and in

these

institutions,

immixed

easily

for

evil

just

able

or

after

the

in

pay

to

them

the larger

thej^

in.

the college

purpose of

Nevertheless

had existed

for

the

tlie

;

the

as

less

but this was not to be, and

when

to

duties suffer,

to

and

grew and the more founder

final

than

income

chaplains

their

of

lost

suppression

two

neighbourhoods in which they were

have been reformed their endowment easily have been

have been restored

time went on

as

stipendiary

relieve

to

and

;

proportion

proportion did the discipline of the colleges

resources

an almost

well alone

let

and

church,

its

pillage

will

in,

more was the original

the

and

;

occasions

they keep up their character as very useful

themselves the

brethren became lower,

increased,

reasonable

well-intentioned people were content to let these

But people never

institutions.

in the church

upon

priests

colleges continue doing their work in the modest and

and

God

take their part in conducting the public worship of

centuries,

planted.

sight

and

was

They

utilized, tlieir discipline

the priests were driven out

their estates tossed about to be scrambled for, the poor villagers were the sufferers

more ways than

one,

and were

left as

sheep in the wilderness having no shepherd.]

The "College," as it is still called, is now a farm-house, the property of Lord Of the original building there Walsingham, and in the occupation of Mr. Cackett.

SOME ACCOUNT OF THOMrSON COLLEGE. only remains a portion of the walls, in which

Tudor-archcd windows with squai'e labels

The moulded beams

arch.

Two

part of the College.

the church

In

used to

The

sit.

though not

remain,

whether

college,

old manor-house converted, in

the chui-ch, from which

small portions of

the

the

the old fish-ponds

probably in the chancel) eleven of

was

of two double doorway with a four-centred room also probably formed

interior

principal exist.

still

in

original position (which was which the Masters and Fellows

their

the old stalls in it

the stonework

is visible

and an

of the ceiling of of

there

;

walls

when we

this is not surprising

made

for the daily ministrations

The

minutes' walk.

five

with the exception of the church, the only

are,

now

remains of buildings older than the seventeenth century

And

was an

specially built for its occupants, or

was most conveniently situated it was distant not more than

college

29

existing in Thompson.

consider that probably most of

the houses were

was no stone. the fourteenth century. Sir John de Shardelowe and

of timber and clay only, in a parish where there

About the middle

Thomas

supra), founded

chaplains

^

of

sons of

brother,

his

Sir John,

Pleas

(see

Sir

pedigree

College (Blomefiekl, under Shropham), a chantry for six

St. Martin's

the Church of

in

Common

the

of

Justice

Thompson,

pray for the

to

John de Shardelowe and Agnes In the Norwich Institution Book,

mother. Sir

his

souls

and

wife,

their father

of

and

themselves and their

of

Quartus" (fo. 24) it John his brother, have & pro salute animarum Johannis suggested that for the glory of God de Shardelow, Militis, patris sui et Agnetis uxoris sue .... the church of Thomson, now vacant, should be appropriated to the Master and Chaplains of the Chantry Therefore no Vicar was appointed, but one of the chaplains to of Thomson The College had also a messuage Dated, Thornege, 7 Ap., 1350." do the work. the Shai-delows, and leave to hold ten in Barton, near Mildenhall, by gift of family.

that

recorded

is

Sir

next

endowment

Shropham, with nine

was the

Thos.

"Liber

called

Shardelow,

de

and

Knt.,

land anywhere within the realm of England.

libratce of

The

"

Manor

of

have

seems

to

of

land

lihr
Thompson

been

from the

Hall,

the

Manor

the

Shardelows.

advowson

of

Bradekes

of

The

next,

Thompson, and

I

Hall

in

suppose,

the College

have been the Manor of Shudy Camps and Horseth, in Cambridgeshire (deed, page 39, 16th Rich. II.), from The next, the advowson of Shropham and the Chapel of St. the Shai'delows.

building

from

the

Shardelows.

Andrew, from the Shardelows Blomefield and the surrender

Bradenham also

(see

claimed

annual

(deed,

p.

seems

next

lOth Rich.

charter,

surrender charter,

for himself

The

lands

35).

to

There were,

also,

according to

Langford, West Tofts,

Saham, and

II.)

in

The Master

of

the College of

and his successors from the Manor of

Tommeston

Merton, 13s.

rent.^

'

'

The donation bears date 8th

Feb., 1349 (23rd Ed. ni.)—ll!om<-/ield's 3rS.

Sco Court Koll, Merton Uull Manor, Sth Hen. IV.,

Monday

after the Feast of tho Ascension.

-id.

of

30

HISTORY OF THOMPSON.

Sir Thomas de Shardclowe married Margaret de Grey, whose grandfather, Sir Thomas de Grey of Greys Hall, Cavendish, had become possessed of Merton, the adjoining manor to Thompson, through his mamage with Isabel Baynard, heiress of Mei-ton.

John de Shardelowe, grandson and heir of the first-named Sir John, and nephew of Sir Thomas, by his testament dated 13th Nov., 1391, proved at Doctors' Commons 21st Nov., 1391, ordered his body to be buried in the church of Thompson in Norfolk, near his parents and ancestors gave to the college of the same church one hundred shillings, and to two chaplains, to celebrate there for a year after his Sir

;

Margaret

seven marks, appointing

decease,

his

wife,

Master of Thompson College, with others, executors.

Manor

The

Shropham,

Bradker, in

of

with

the

Parson

the

of

Flempton, the

Blomefield.

advowson of Shropham, had

been since 1295 in the Coggeshale family, but in 1372 they conveyed, by exchange,

one acre of land and the advowsons of the church and a chapel annexed, together

with

Manor

Shardelowe, Knt. (Blomefield, under and Surrey, chief lord of the fee of ilanor, for £20 granted licence to John Methewold, John Coke, Rector and John Bulnej's, Eector of Longford, Tofts "Will Coupere, Clerk

the

Shropham). Bradeker

Bradker,

of

West and feoffees of upon Alexander, Master of

Arundell

;

trustees

successors for ever

.

.

Thos.

Sir

to

In 1391, the Earl of

;

Sir of

Thom. Shardelowe, Thompson College,

to

settle

and

the

manor and advowsons

Fellows

the

and

there,

their

.

In 1392 (26th Sept., IGth Eich. notwitlistanding the law of

Thomas Horstede, might be

II.),

a licence was obtained from the king, that,

mortmain, the able

to

feoffees,

make

John Methewold, John Coke, and

over to

and the advowsons.' And in 1394 the trustees Thomas Horstede mentioned in it was Eector

the

the

college

acre

of

land

them on the College. The of Shropham, and the " certain chapel " also mentioned was the parochial chapel of St. Andrew, once the church of Bradcar before that parish was united to Shropham. This chapel stood, according to Blomefield, about a furlong S.W. of Shropham Church. The arms of the College were the same as those of the founder (Shardelowe), Ar.

a chevron

The College saint,

ga

betw. three crosses crosslet fitchee

seal is elliptical,

on

Martin,

St.

about two inches long.

horseback,

beneath which, under an arch, are side of of

dividing

his

az.

(Taylor's

It has

cloak

with

Eev.

C.

three crescents erm.

J.

Jnd. Monast.

a figure of

beggar

the

kneeling and praying.

five priests

the arch are the founders' arms, and on the sinister,

the late

Collegii

settled

what

Bateman, Bishop of

Evans, the arms of

with a bordure engrailed

ar.

The legend

is

the of

On

are, in

51.)

patron

Amiens

the dexter the opinion

Norwich,

viz.,

Sa.

Sigillum coraune

de Tomesstone.

"The

rules

'

of

See note A.

the

College- were

—That ^

But

the fellows or chaplains

see the licence to Sir

John ilayster

should be

infra.

all

SOllE

ACCOUNT OF THOMPSOX COLLEGE.

obedient to their master, should live

commons

and

together,

and

them

none of

one house, and

in

lie

31 eat

lodge or victual out of

to

and drink

in

College

all

the

;

meet every morning in the church at matins and every evening at vespers, and one to say daily mass according to their foundation." Blomefield. In the latter part of the fourteenth century the college seems to have held a to

the land of Thompson, and of

part of

large

would be retained

about a fourth part

in

while the remainder would be distributed

There was at

service.

Their

such

service,

the

A

pleaded at law. of the tenants,

the names of

owning

England a

their

class

to

farm,

render

of peasant proprietors.

of

home farm, had become

the

it,

copy of the court-roll of the manor had become the

title

deed

and gave them the name of copyholders.

in

find

who were bound

tenants

parishes,

demesne or home

the

as

rural

limited by and the privilege of turning the manor, had passed into rights which could be

cultivation

out a few cattle on the waste of

as in other

land,

*

each man's hut with the plot around

custom, and

We

hand

among

this time, 1377-1381, in

as

this

the earliest rolls

of

Thompson

College

many tenants who would have been own cottages and plots of land, and

the lord, and a tine at the death of the tenant. small copyholds have in the course of

centuries

little,

and

Butters Hall Manors, at

if

all,

above labourers,

paj'ing only a small quit-rent

to

As elsewhere so in Thompson, these naturally and unavoidably been by

degrees purchased from the tenants by the lord of the manor, and so have become

merged

but probably the change has not conduced to the stability or contentedness

;

of the labouring classes in rural parishes.

Blomefield gives the

list

of

the seventeen

Masters of the College, from 1353

till

Henry VIIL, when the endowments of chantries were given The value of Thompson College at this time, by Act of Parliament to the king. according to Weever's Funeral Monuments, was £52. 15s. T\d., which would be at least £500 of our money. "The Masters of Thompson College were by the terms of the foundation to pay an annual pension of four marks and due obedience to the Bishop of Norwich, and Bishop was to appoint if the chaplains did not choose a master in a set time, the by lapse, and if the chaplains elected a Master he was stiU to be confirmed by the the Dissolution in the 32nd

Bishop,

'

who had

There

is at

also all episcopal jurisdiction in the church."

Merton a remembrance of the existence of

account in that year of his manor of Buryhall in lorde kepte in

liis

this

custom so

EUingham he

says,

Blomefield.

late as 1608, for in Sir

Wra. de Grey's

" you

landes that the

handca for the ^vision of his howse quoted in the margent in

may see all the manu domini."

HISTOEY OF THOMPSON.

32

MASTERS OF THE COLLEGE. John Grene

1353, 17th May.

of

Elected unanimously Ly

Thompson.

the Brethren

and confirmed by the Bishop. Sir Stephen Feltham. 1356, 15th Oct. J«jhn

1368.

Grene was re-chosen Master. It

was during

became a devotee 1378.

mastership

second

Grene'.s

on

that,

April

2Sth,

Shardelowe, widow of one of the founders (see pedigree,

Dame Joan

12)

in this college.

He

Alex, de Horsted.

1369, p.

resigned.

was during his mastership, viz. in 1391, that Sir Thos. Shardelowe, Knt., who had in 1372 bought the manor of Bradcar in Thompson, settled Bradcar was fellows of Thompson College for ever. it upon the master and It

granted at the dissolution, with the other property of the college, to Knevett,

Mayor and

Jan.

was

it

who

Norwich,

of

He He

Master Thomas Bushell.

1419,' 14th Sept. Gtli

Corporation

1541, and

in

it

still

bought in

1572

hold

(1879)

it.

Edmund by the (From

under Shropham.)

Blomefield,

1425,

He

Esq.

sold

John Mayster,

resigned.

resigned.

died chaplain here in

1451,

and was

buried in the churchyard.

There

in

is

the

Bodleian Library*

(char.

535) a licence

Sir

to

John

and brother, late Master, by Roger Fylpot, the Master, priest and the other brethren of the said college, dated at Thomeston, 20th June, 13th Henry YI. (1435), on account of the good service performed by him college, relieving him from strict obedience to the statutes to the said In this deed of the founder on payment of 12cZ. weekly to the college. Mayster,

the

regulating

ordinances

compulsory are

residence as

set

Of

out.

John was relieved. Robert Swetenham, died Master. Roger Philpot collated by the Bishop. March. 17 th 1432, He was re-chosen by the fellows, and died Master. 1435, 11th June. There is in the Bodleian Library, Thompson chart.. No.

this,

Sir

from John, son of

Simon

Chapman,

the brethren of the College of

and '

In

1417,

Redames Johannes

(Reedhams,

Hert

de

see

to

536,

Roger Phylypott, the

a grant

Master, and

Tomston, of two tenements, called Wameres p.

40)

in

Tomston,

dated

13th

Henry

VI.,

Thomeston was OTdained a deacon ad titulum collegii de Thomeston. iiii Id. Apiil, A.D. 1417, by the Archbishop acting as commissary

Ordination in the Chapel of the Palace at Norwich, of

the Bishop.

times

This does not imply that John Hert became one of the chaplains of the College, for in these

persons were almost always

ordained on a

title

of

cure of souls. >

See a copy of this in the Blomefield

MS.

in

bos

E

2.

some

religious

house,

very

seldom

on that of a

MASTERS OF THE COLLEGE. says that these were manors, and

Bloinefield

14;55.

with their court rents, faldcourse, and services l-tSO,

WilL Bettys,

18th March.

He

145.3.

mentioned

is

33

He was

resigned.

East Wretham,

Rector of

also

Manors

Hall

Botours

a court-roll of

in

were given

that they

627).

(i.

1468

in

as

dead.

1490,

Ambrose Ede, Decret. John Wyatt he was Rector Mr.

1503, 16th July.

:

May.

1518, 21st

Mr. Rich. Aldy, alias Hoke.

1519, 19th March.

am

Master Roger Rawlins.

of

tlie

acknowledgment

Thompson. is

the last Master, and signed the deed of surrender.

indebted to Mr. Walter

(No. 109*)

there

of Feltwell, lapse, resigned.

Died Master, and Rector of Northwold.

Master Robert Audeley, Archdeacon of Berkshire.

He was

at

Rye

for the information that there

to

the college (see follows

it

p.

the

p p

very

terms,

little

such

me Roberta Awdeley, magistru me Nicholau Marryett (?). me Richardu Raune. is

Master and four

Collegii de

instance

is

it

as

me Ric Croftes. p me Johem Alleyn. p

me by

common form

a

church,

Thomston.

Thompson

the original surrender charter of

been obligingly translated for

doubt that

for

the

of

:

In the Bodleian Library (No. 537) It has

especially valuable because

is

The deed bears the signatures

30).

in the P. R. O.

Secular Priests

only perfect impression, so far as I know, of the seal

per

College.

by

royal supremacy

of

is

the College of

This document, dated 29th August, 1534,

appended

felloM's, as

is

Master.

died

Dr.,^

Mr. Robt. Dikar, resigned.

1524, 12th Julj'.

1534.

I

Rector of Merton.

Mr. John Whittert, in Dec. Bac.,^ resigned.

Aug.

28th

He was

Peter Lock.^

1464, 27th Oct. 1487, 22nd Sept.

of

bell-tower,

the late Rev. C.

surrender,'

and

cloister,

J.

There

Evans.

and that some of the would not apply to

Thompson, for the master and fellows* had to say mass daily in the church, and therefore

'

-

would not have had more than a small chapel,

See under William de Grey, whose executor he was. " In Decretis in Canon Law. Mr. Mullingcr {Rislory of the



Uecretum, as

it

passed from the hands of

law and containing the canons of

councils,

comprising ecclesiastical judgment on

with reference to the

known

as that of the

rites

Gratian, consisted of

all

if

any, in the college.

University of Cambridge,

the

three parts,

first

the Popes, and opinions of

decrees of

matters of morality and social

life

;

says the

the

Fathers

;

the

second

the third containing instruction,

Such was the work, the study of which,

and ceremonies of the Church

canon law, formed so important a part of the training

W. Aldis Wright. habent ex eorum Fundatione,

36)

i.

being devoted to general

the students at the English

of

Universities prior to the Keformation." *

Magister et capellani

divinis officijs personaliter ministrare.

— Quoted

in Blomejield.

F

in ecclesia

predicta cotidie celebrare, '

See Note B,

ac in ceteris

HISTORY OF THOMPSON.

3-1

[Note A.]

PATENT ROLL, The

Eiccntc grnnttti

our

ta gibe

the

(Innb) in

in

mortmain,

licence

Church

and

assign

King,

to

and

Master and

Chaplains of

King's Escheator

Thomas

Westoftys, and

of

us

Chaplain,

one

Chaplains

yet

&c.,

of

Christ

in

Saint Martin,

granted and given

John Methewold

to

is,

Norfolk), John

of

Horstede,

and

Master

aforesaid

the

to

County

the

in

we have

us,

heirs, as far as in

23.

beloved

the Chantry, at the altar of

and our

for ourselves

Although,

which our

pounds,

Thomeston, have paid

the Church of

Membrane

2,

greeting.

&c.,

forty

for

Part

(1392.)

II.

whom,

to

all

grace,

special

(the

the

IGth RICH.

Coke, Parson of

may

they

that

acre

of

give

with

land,

its

Shropham, and the advowson of the church of the same town, To with a certain chapel annexed to the same church, which are not held of us. have and to hold to the same Master and Chaplains and their successors, in aid And to the same Master and Chaplains, that they of their sustentation, for ever.

appurtenances

may

in

the

appropriate

hold

themselves and their

Chaplains

manner,

form

for

aggrieved

on

be

us

or

that

yearly

out of

a

and Chaplains,

certain

competent

the fruits and

church, according to

to

of

the

the said

the

licence

capital shall

church,

to

and like

the

aforesaid

Thomas, or

by reason molested in any

lords

or

sheritts,

Saving,

be

to

successors,

cscheators, heirs.

in

from

statute

'

with,

interfered

justices,

money

Master

John, John, and their

and uses

and their successors

the

aforesaid,

our

own

same

the

themselves

to is

or

of

the poor parishioners of

to

the aforesaid

sum

chapel,

their

appurtenances

its

aforesaid

the

heirs,

profits

with

account

that

our

aforesaid for

to

Chaplains, or

whomsoever of us customary from thence

due and

always

of

by

as

the

Master, or

aforesaid

it

ever,

that

ministers

or

services

un'\\'illing

should

premises,

the

way, or

aforesaid

Being the

And

land

said

Thomas, and hold

or

heirs,

bailiffs,

the

the

chapel,

presents given a special

these

of

John, and

the

in

aforesaid

same

the

successors aforesaid for ever.

we have by the term they may receive

notwithstanding.

of

together with

that

aforesaid John,

their

church, together with

aforesaid

appropriated,

so

it

of

paid

by the

otlier

however, tliat

and

the

fee.

So

distributed

aforesaid

Master

the same church, and that the vicarage

value of

the

same, shall

be

sufficiently

endowed according to an ordinance of the ordinary of that place, to be made in this behalf, and the form of a statute made and provided for such purpose in our ^Yitness the King at Oxford the In (testimony) of which, &c. last parliament. xxvj day of September. •

in

"The

the

Richard

"

Statute aforesaid,"

^-c."

after

II., this

the

word

may he the

i.e.,

the Statute against

"Licet."

Although, as

statute referred to at the

giWng a

lands in mortmain

Statute

end of his

of

licence.

was probably referred

Mortmain was passed

in

to

the 15th of

surrender charter of tuompson college.

[Note

35

B.]

SURRENDER CHARTER OF THOMPSON COLLEGE. (Translation.) "

To

in Christ

the faithful

all

whom

to

come, Robert

the present charter shall

Chantry of Thomson in the county of Norfolk, and the brethren or chaplains of the same college or chantry, health. Know

Audeley,

Clerk,

we

ye that

Master

College

or

the aforesaid master and brethren or

moving

specially

considerations

us

at

the

most excellent and

God King

grace of

head

supreme

invincible

and and

our

this

present charter, to the

Henry

prince and lord, our lord

by the

Eighth,

the

England and France, Defender of the Faith, lord of Ireland,

of

on

the Anglican

earth of

and the whole

aforesaid

certain causes

by our unanimous assent

chaplains, for

present,

have granted, delivered, and confirmed by

consent,

and

the

of

house

whole church, belfry, and

and

scite

of that

cloister

of

Church,

our

all

chantry

or

college

the same college or chantry, and the

college

or chantry, and

all

the messuages,

houses, edifices, dove-houses, ponds, stews (vivaria), gardens, orchards, pleasure gardens,

land and

soil,

being as well within as without the

and precinct of the same college Bradker, with

and and

all

their rights,

or

chantry, and

boundary, enclosure,

scite, all

circuit,

our manors of Thomson and

members, and purtenances in the said county of Norfolk,

our manor of Cytie Campes alias Sliudicampes in the county of Cambridge,

all

our rectories and churches of

Thomson and Shropham

in

the said

county of

Norfolk, and the advowsons, donations, free dispositions, and rights of patronage of the vicarages of the parish churches of

Norfolk

and

:

all

Thomson and Shropham

messuages, granges, lands, tenements, meadows, feedings, (co'ias),

in

the said county of

manors, rectories, churches, vicarages, advowsons, rights of patronage,

furze (jampna),

(pascuas)

heath wastes, courses (cursus), and

pastures,

commons

of

foldages,

liberties

all

waters, fisheries, woods, underwoods, turbaries (places for digging turf), rents, reversions, services,

fee

farms, knights' fees,

tithes, oblations, courts

and

other

and

hereditaments of

rights,

leet,

escheats, reliefs

fines),

pensions, portions,

views of frankpledge, goods waived, estrays, free warrens,

jurisdictions,

privileges,

commodities,

profits,

possessions,

lying and

by whatsoever names they

being

in

the towns,

fields,

ai-e

Citie

Campes the

alias

Sliudicampes in

same counties

of

the

said

county of

known, reckoned,

parishes or hamlets of

Thomson, Shropham, Saham, and Bradenham in the said county of soever in

revenues,

ours whatsoever, as well spiritual as temporal, of whatsoever

kind, nature, or species they are, or

or recognised, situate

(admission

Noi'folk,

Cambridge and

and

in

elsewhere

Norfolk and Cambridge, and elsewhere soever within

the realm of England, pertaining and belonging only to the same college or chantry to

have and enjoy

all

the

aforesaid manors,

F 2

messuages, granges, rectories, churches,

HISTORY OF TIIOlirSON.

36

frankpledge, free warrens, and

and

with

specified,

and successors for

purtenances, to our

their

all

In witness

ever.

tlie

king

the

lord

whereof we have

Given in our chapter-house

our present charter.

views

leet,

of

singular the other premises above expressed

and

all

courts

tenths,

advowsons, lands, tenements, rents, reversions, services,

common

our

set

third

day

heirs

aforesaid, his to

seal

tliis

of July in the thirty-

second year of our said lord King Henry the Eighth. "

L. S.

The

me Robert Awdeley."

It is imperfect.

engraved in Blomefielil's Norfolk.

seal is that

per

APPENDIX OF DOCUMENTS RELATING TO THE ENDOWMENT OF

THE COLLEGE. among the muniments at Merton some interesting Thompson College, of which he has given an account in The box in which Mr. Rye's Norfolk Antiquarian Miscellany, vol. iii., p. 18, n. 9. these documents are kept is designated by him and referred to as [E 2].] William Bateman, Bishop of Norwich, and Simon 7th April, Anno Domini 1350. [In lS84i Mr. Crabbe discovered

documents

relating

to

Bozoun, Prior there

at the request of Sir Thos. de Shardelowe

;

who had

founded

Thompson

to the said college.

a

or

college

chantry

On

and

seal of

the chapter.

the seal of the Bishop there

within a bordure engrailed, there

—Thompson is

but on the

his palace at Thornage,

episcopal seal in

Official

College Deeds,

of

and the

Box E

2.

a minute shield bearing his arms, a crescent seal

official

a fine impression in the Record

is

his brother,

Thompson, appropriated the rectory

in

The Bishop dates from

Prior on the 12th April from the chapter-house at Norwich. fine condition,

and John

Office,

Thompson

of

College,

Bishop Bateman's arms

of

seem

which to be.

Three crescents within a bordure engrailed. [The following

To

all

the sons of

holj'

is

a translation of the document referred

Mother Church

whom

to

the present letters

to.]

may

come, William,

by

divine permission Bishop of Norwich, everlasting salvation in the Lord, our beloved sons

in

Christ,

Sir

whereas

that, saints,

and for

his

wife,

by

the

their

grace

Thomas de Shard elow, Ivnt., and John his brother, have suggested to us, the honour of God and of the glorious Virgin Mary, and of all the the health of the souls of John de Shardelowe, Knt., his father, and Agnes

for

mother, of

faithfid departed,

God of

their

the

benefactors, illustrious

our consent, good

founded a perpetual chantry of

six

and

King will,

chaj)lains,

(of

of

the)

progenitors of

England,

(and) for

the

the

Lord Edward,

souls

of

all

the

and approbation, have disposed, ordered, and of

whom

one

is

called

Master,

in the parish

DOCUMENTS RELATING TO THE COLLEGE. church

Thomeston

of

(mass)

celebrate

to

iu

for

whom,

our Diocese,

in

ever for the aforesaid

the

37 they have appointed

aforesaid church

which

souls,

said

chantry of

chaplains

six

they have not yet sufficiently endowed, for which reason they have earnestly entreated

we should

that

grant,

us

regard to the said Master (and) Chaplains, and

affectionate

out of

for their own use, to be held for ever, the aforesaid church of Thomston, which the Master and Chaplains have the patronage, with their rights and and all things belonging, for the supplementing the endowment of the said chantry and the support of the said chaplains, and for bearing the charges incumbent upon the said chantry, therefore appropriate, annex, and unite the said church of Thomeston, with its rights, their

now

and

successors,

vacant,

all

its

of

appurtenances aforesaid, to the Master and Chaplains and their successors, to be

held for their

own

uses,

and granting

them by the tenor

to

of

the present letters that they

have free power to take possession of the said church immediately after our present grant of annexation (unionem), and for ever to hold the said church for their own use, the permission of ourselves or any other being in no wise necessary.

And

because the said Master and Chaplains have, by their say mass, and

church daily to

in

divine

other

own

foundation, in the said

personally to

offices

"We

minister,

will not

that a vicar should be appointed there, but that in future times they should have the power of

ministering the Sacraments to the parishioners of the said church

or

by another

fit

stipendiary

chaplain,

concerning which

by one

themselves,

of

we grant by

church

the present

Master and Chaplains and their successors special licence for all time. because on every vacancy of every church in our diocese first fruits are by custom

letters to the said

And due

and our

to us

and in the appropriation

successors,

churches the collations of vicars are

of

we

reserved by custom to the bishops for the time being and their successors, that in compensation of the aforesaid

first fruits

and other

losses

will

and ordain

which may in future happen

by the said appropriation, the said Master and Chaplains and their pay an annual pension of four marcs to us and our successors for the time being in our church of Norwich by equal portions at the two synods, which said annual pension of four marcs wo specially reserve to us and our successors, with the consent of the said Master and

to our cathedral church

successors

Chaplains, to be paid each year for

by the sequestration of whatsoever

the

all

time,

and the power of [recovering] the said pension

revenues of the said church and by other ecclesiastical censures

be denounced against the said Master and Chaplains for the

to

reserving to ourselves also and our successors

and our dignity

all rights

and customs

of

time

being,

our church aforesaid

in all things.

In witness whereof our seal

is

affixed to the present letters.

Given at Thornage, seventh

day of the month of April, in the year of our Lord 1350, and the sixth of our consecration. And we. Prior Simon Bozoun, Prior of tho Cathedral Church of the Holy Trinity at Norwich,

and of the convent in the same the

tenor

written.

of

these

In witness

present

whereof

place,

letters

the

approve, ratify, and as the

appropriation,

common

seal

of

our

given at our chapter house at Norwich the twelfth day of of

our Lord 1350.

much

union,

chapter tho

as in us lies confirm

and at

month

annexation,

Norwich of

as is

April, in

by

above affixed,

the j-ear

HISTORY OF TIIOMPSOX.

38

The Manor of Bradeker Hall in Shropham confirmed Thompson College, notwithstanding the Statute of Mortmain.

[A.D. 1386].

The following deed

recites that the

on to say that royal licence Hall Manor and lands

It goes

given to the Master and Chaplains to hold Bradeker

is

the value of the aforesaid messuages and nine librates of

to

notwithstanding

to the

the college was one

of

ten librates of land, according to the true value of the same.

messuage and

land,

endowment

original

to

statute

the

made about

and

lands

tenements

passing

not

dead hand.

A

iibmta

was

terrne

so

much land

was worth

as

Patent Roll, A" 10th Richard

Part

II.,

a year.

20s.

— W. A/dis

Membrane

1,

Wrujht.

17.

[Translatimi'].

Tlio

king to

all,

as

his beira

ICnow

greeting.

&c.,

England, our grandfather, by bis far as in biin was,

letters

to

certain Chantry in the Church of

that whereas [om-] lord

j-e

patent

our beloved in Christ,

Tommeston

Edward,

King

lately

of

granted and gave licence for himself and

in the

the Master

County

of

and Chaplains of a

Thomas

Norfolk, founded by

his brother, with the licence of our said lord, that they might acquire one

Shardelowe and John messuage with the appurtenances in the town of Berton^ and ten

librata: of

land and rents per

annum, with the appurtenances, according to the true value of the same, which were not held of

lord in chief, wheresoever they wished within our realm of England,

him our

and hold the

made about lands and tenements not passing to the dead hand, as in the aforesaid letters of him our lord more fuUy is contained. We being desirous that the aforesaid grant of him our lord should have due effect given to it, have granted and given hcence for ourselves and our heirs, as much as

same

to themselves

in us

lies,

to

and

their successors for ever, notwithstanding the statute

Richard Holditch of Dudclyngton, John Koc,^ parson of the church of AVestoftos, and clerk, that the}' may be able to give and assign to the aforesaid Master

James and Chaplains the manor of Shi-opham called Bradekerhall, with the appurtenances, in Shropham, Hokam, Snyterton, and Lyi-lyng, which is not held of us in chief, and which is worth liy the year in all outgoings, according to the true value of the same, four marks, as is found by an inquisition for that purpose made by our beloved John Mcthewold, our Escheator in the To have and aforesaid county, according to our command and returned into our chancery. de Shirford,

to

hold

value

to

of

and

of

the ten

Chaplains

like manner, that they

their

messuage,

aforesaid

part satisfaction

Master

and

themselves

the

in

successors

and nine

librata; of

their

of

land,

sustentation

and rents

land and rents aforesaid for ever.

we have by the term

may be

aid of

lihrata

of

able to receive the

these presents aforesaid

from the aforesaid Richard, John Koc, and James, and hold

it

to

given

for

ever,

by the

And

to

special

to

year,

the in

the same licence

in

manor with the appurtenances themselves and their successors

Berton or Barton Mills, near Mildenhall, where the .Shardelowc8 had a manor. Here, too, there was a chantryBlomefield says that the Chaplains of Thompson College were founded prohably by a member of that family. '

removed 2

for a time to Barton,

John Kok was Rector

and subsequently returned West Tofts from 1361

of

to to

Thompson.— Page's 1323.— Slomifeld.

Suffolk, 827.

39

RELATING TO THE COLLEGE.

DOCtrJIENTS aforesaid in form aforesaid for ever as

is

aforesaid, the Statute aforesaid notwithstanding.

Being

John Koc, and James, or their heirs, nor the aforesaid Master and Chaplains or their successors, by reason of the statute aforesaid, shall be " occasioned" on this acccount in anything or grieved by us or our heirs or our ministers whomSaving, however, to the chief lords of that fee the due and customarj' services therefrom. soever. In [witness] whereof, &c. Witness the king at Westminster, the viij day of November. desirous that neither the aforesaid Eichard,

The Manor

of

land in

Shudycampes and Horseytli and a messuage and thirteen acres of Shropham and Thompson, confirmed to the College of Thompson,

notwithstanding ^o the Statute of Mortmain.

The Manor of Shudycamps and Horseth was part of the endowment of the Mr. W. Aklis Wright, Fellow of Trinity College, Cambridge, college by tlie Shardelowes. informs me that among the muniments of his college there is a MS. copy of a deed dated 24th Edw. III. the original of which is in the British Museum {MS. Harl. 3739, fo. 305)— which states that Sir John Shardelowe, Joan his wife, and Thomas his brother, obtained the manors of Shudycamps and Orseye or Horsey in Cambridgeshire, and Borham in Essex, from the Abbot and Convent of Waltham, by exchange for the



manors of Copedhall and Shingelhall in Essex.

[A.D. 1392.]

[See Shardelow Pedigi'ee, p. 12.]

Patent Eoll, A" 16th Eichard

II.,

Part

1,

Membrane

32.

{^Translation.^

The King to all to whom, &c., greeting. Although, &c., yet of our special grace and for fifty marks which our beloved in Christ the Master and Chaplains of the Chantry at the altar of Saint Martin in the Church of Thomeston have been paid us, we have granted and given Ucence for ourselves and our heu-s, as much as in us is, to John Methewold,' John Coke, parson of the Church of Westoftes, and Thomas Horstedo,' Chaj)lain, that they may give and assign to the aforesaid Master and Chaplains the Manor of Shudycampes and Horseth, with the appurtenances, in the

in

County of Cambridge, and one messuage and thirteen acres of land with the appiu'tenances,

Shropham and Thomeston, which are not held

of

us.

To have and

to

Master and Chaplains and their successors in aid of their sustentation for ever. Master and Chaplains, that they laud,

may be

hold to the same

And

to the

same

able to receive the aforesaid manors, messuage, and

from the aforsaid John, John, and Thomas, and hold them to themselves and their

successors aforesaid for over as

is

aforesaid.

We

have in like manner given a special Ucence by

the tenor of those presents, the Statute aforesaid notwithstanding.

Desiring that the afoi'esaid

John, John, and Thomas, or their heirs, or the aforesaid Master and Chaplains, or their successors, shall not

by reason

of

the premisses be on that account occasioned, molested in anything, or

grieved by us or our heirs, our Justices, Escheators, Sheriffs, or other Baihffs or Ministers, or those of

whomsoever, saving,

oiu- heirs

&c., as above.

Witness the king at Nottingham, the xxviij

day of June [A.D. 1392]. '

John Methewold was patron

of

Shropham, and Thomas Horstede rector of the same.

40

HISTORY OF THOMPSON.

Warners and Eedames given

[A.D. 1435].

to the College.

\_Translation.^

Let

all

persons

granted,

g^ven,

the College of of St.

Slartin of

present and

and by

this

future

my

know

that

I,

John,

Simon Chapman, have

son of

present deed have confirmed to Eoger Phyl^jot, Master of

Tomeston, othernvise called Eoger Phylpot, Master of the college or chantry

Thompson, and

to the brethren of the

same

two tenements called "Warners and Eedames, with together with their wards, marriages, homages, fealties,

place, in the county of Norfolk,

the crofts adjacent

courts,

and

foldage, all

the

services,

escheats,

to the

reliefs,

same tenements,

revenues,

customs,

both uf free tenants as well as of those in villenage, with liberty of one

with the services whatsoever belonging to the aforesaid tenement of Warners, api^urtenances,

and

commodities,

liberties

belonging to the

with

tenement in Thomoston

aforesaid, which tenements with the crofts, &c., I lately had from the gift and feofment of John Green, clerk, together with Richard Cave, John de Bokenham, jun., John Berton, clerk, As appears more Eobert Mone of Tomeston, and William Herbert of the same, now defunct. the date of which is at Tomeston, feoffment executed by us, deed of fuUy in a certain

James the Apostle, in the second year of the reign of King Heni-y IV., afterwards executed by us, to have and to hold the aforesaid two tenements AVednesday next after the feast of

St.

with, &c., as aforesaid.

Eoger Phylpot and his brethren and the brethren their successors, being by the services thence due and by law customary for ever and I, John Chapman, and my heirs wiU guarantee and defend against all people for ever the aforesaid two tenements, with their crofts, &c., to the aforesaid Eoger and the brethren and

The

aforesaid

lords in capito of those fees,

;

their successors.

In witness whereof I have

William

Dayling,

Will.

Harre,

affixt

my

Joh.

Curteis,

Given at Thompson, Monday next after [A.D. 1435].

(The original

is

among

seal to

the

the present

Bartho. feast

of

Draper, St.

these being witnesses,

deed,

Tho.

John the

Chaloner,

Baptist,

13

and

others.

Henry TI.

the Charters preserved in the Bodleian, No. 536).

41

Some

|icc0unt of

gTanor

tijc

" There

now

is

but one

left

''

Cbompsoit

of

$ixm

€alkc^n."'

frail arch,

Yet mourn thou not its cells, Our time a fair exchange has made." Marmion.

HE

deed of

original

part

II.,

2,

the

college

and advowson, were given at

Henry

the 32nd year of VIII.

a knight's

of

105s.

and

fee,

frankpledge,

as

the

use

sealed with the privy seal.

The impropriator, being

in

tithes

amount

many

(1879)

parishes

'

The

allowed

where

difference,

records of

mo

to

this

yearly to

our

us,

past.

a twentieth part

of

service

last

and

heirs,

successors,

No

manor, now in the

a

find

to

curate to

since.

The great

is

one of the

by the

many

alienation

instances of

the

of

the loss

impropriations

doubt the ultimate outcome of the dissolution the matter of

long been paid

possession of

examine them, are bound together in

continued with a few omissions to the

was

been served by curates ever

has

sustained

they had

the college,

from the parish £39 a year, while the This

generally beneficial, and in

has been any,

it

receives

from the monasteries to laymen.

if

by the

Henry

Awdeley,

Robert

them on July 3rd

resigned

capite

place of

£327 per annum.

to

country

ample a manner as

granted also to hold courts leet and views of

the

serve the church (Blomefield), and

which

Knevet, Knt., in

brethren had held them, and to convert to Thompson and Shropham, with the tithes, &c. The

deed

now

Edmund

to

master and

the Rectories of

perpetual curate

as

therefore

private is

in

in

Licence was

late

dissolution

(confratres),

yielding

sterling."^

GIjcZ.

Blomefield,

and our successors

us

of

the

VIII. (1541), 12th April, and not in the 34th

and y^ brethren

master,

"To hold

by

stated

as

(1543),

the last

Merton muniment room, box E 2, bundle and its endowments, with the manor

the

in

gift

shows that

present day.

E.

one hook.

tithes to

R.

change made

the

little,

distant monasteries, but

Grigson, Esq., the

They begin with

the

The manor has been held from

steward,

who

year 1606, 1561

to the

the

kindly

and

are

present

time by three families only, the Futters, Tookes, and de Greys. "

It

The

was

right to receive this fine appears, after a time, to have passed from the

in the

hands of Lord 'Walpole, and he and

Tooke, Esq., and thus

it

Crown on 31st Dec, 1789. sum of £60 to William

his eldest son, Horatio, sold it for the

became merged.

G

42

niSTOEY OF TIIOlirSON.

hardship and wrong caused by their alienation must have been keenly

felt

in

such

and indeed has been so felt ever since. For while tiie impropriation was in the hands of the college the parish sufi'ered no loss, a resident spiritual pastor was provided, and the tithe-payers must have felt tliere was reason "for the transfer of the impropriation from the individual to the body of which parishes

Thompson,

as

But when the college, with its property, was granted to was a great injustice to let the tithes go with the estates. have felt it so when called upon to pay their money to

he was the representative." Sir

Edmund

The

Knevct,

must

tithe-payers

a laj^man at

it

a distance, instead of

to the

kind and hospitable, and would have spent

it

on the

clergy

in the parish

spot,

who, at

least,

which provided

were

it.

The curate had to live and do the work on a very inadequate stipend, while the owner of the impropriation was drawing more than ten times that stipend, and was giving back nothing in return. And the poor were necessarily robbed of the generous treatment they had received from those who were at once their wealthy neighbours, their

and their

rectors,

cui'ates.

Then,

who

too, those

valued

the daily

and the private ministrations of the chaplain, suffered a great Instead of daily there were probably not even Thei'e was no parsonage house, for in 1754 Joseph Barker tried

services in the church,

deprivation at the

weekly

services.

to provide one,

So

churches.

fall

of the college.

and probably the perpetual curate was non-resident and served other 1806 there had been on one occasion no service in the church

late as

for three months.

Sir

Edmund

who was

Knevet,

the grantee of

Thompson College, belonged to an members of this family held

ancient and honourable family in the county, and three ofEces

but

under Henry VIII.

Sir

Edmund

of

There were at

this time at least

Thompson was no doubt the

eldest

three

son

Edmund

of

Sir

Knevets,

Thomas

of

Buckenham.

PART OF THE PEDIGREE OF KNEVETT OF ASHWELLTHORPE. Edmund

Knevett, drowBed in a sea-fight =7= Eleanor,

Wm.

Knevett his father, descended from Sir John Knyvett, Lord High Chancellor, temp. Ed. III.

in the lifetime of

Sir

Thomas Knevett

Buckenham,

eld. son,

Sir

of

Stan-

dard Bearer to Henry VIII.

A Knyvett, Knt., "of

Bukynhm

Castell," conveyance deed 33rd Hen. VIII., lord of West Bradenham, which he sold in 1540 described in 1516 as eld. s. and h. of Sir Thos. Knyvett, and mentioned in a will of 1542. Carthew's Launditch, ii. 483. He was probably grantee of Thompson in 1543. ;



d. of Sir

Tj-rrell of

Willm.

Gipping.

Edmund Knyvett, Esq., := Jane, d. and ultimately heir of Sir John Bourchier, Baron Berners, Serj. Porter to Hen. VIII., 2nd son, oh. 1546; buried descd. through females from the Thorpes of AshweUthorpe and from at Ashwellthorpe. the Baynards of Whetacre. Her descent in the sixth generation, a John Kny\ett, d. and h. of m. Henry Wilson of Didlington, and their descent is the present Baroness Berners.

THE FAMILY OF FUTTEE.

Edmund Knyvet,

43

Thompson two years after it John Maynard, mercer, of London. Annie Paine, widow, after, bought it two years and (2nd Elizabeth) Walter Paine and Elizabeth his wife aliened it to Alexr. Raye and others, who in 1561 conveyed it to Robert Futter. [But see Note A at the end of this section.] Blomefield, ii. 369. Sir

was granted

to

him,

according to Blomefield, sold

to

THE FAMILY OF FUTTEE. The for

continued to be the chief

Vis.),

more than one hundred years. registers, ranging from 1585

pai'ish

Thompson

{Jermyn MS.), and then and residents

Stanton, Suffolk

Futters, originally of

Norfolk {Norf.

proprietors

Thuxton,

Thompson

There are sixty-seven entries of Futters in the 1697. When Robert Futter came to live at

to

The bulk

the College had been dissolved twenty j'ears.

were probably cottage tenants, each

of in

living in

hovel, while his

his

The few farmers

sheep fed upon the, as yet, unenclosed land.

of the parishioners

cow and

in the

few

his

parish would

by the grantee of the college lands, whose only care would be to get his rent, than by their old landlords the fellows of and they would welcome a landlord who would always reside amongst the college them. Here is a picture of a farmer of those days, whose house, be it remembered, " He pursued would not have been much better than a labourer's cottage is now. many trades in his little homestead. He had eels in his stew, and bees in his garden. He grew his own hops and made his own malt. He raised his own hemp and twisted his own cart ropes. His flax was cleaned and spun at home. Some of his wool he sold to the webster,' and some kept the spindles moving on his kitchen floor. He sawed out his own timber. He made his own mud walls round his cattle yard. He was his own farrier. He killed his sheep or his calf without the aid of the butcher. He made his own candles and burnt his own wood into charcoal. He cultivated herbs for physic, which his wife dried or distilled. His cheese was have been far

mercifully treated

less

;

'

own

manufactured in his

and mustard

saffron

seed."

Robert Futter, the married shield

of

press.

His

—Knight's

first of

Mary, daughter of

the family

room in the

the college and decorated

two flanches

or,

as

its

crops were varied ii.

of

college,

in

we

Futter and

Hessett,

Esq.,

conclude that

pale

ar.

his wife

of

College and advowson,

and

it

as

we

find

the

were buried

in

marble slab seems to have been an old one, for

G 2

was he who re-arranged Futter bore

Bacon of Hesset bore

eng. gu. betw. three escutcheons of the second as

Robert

cultivation

Hessett over the handsome Elizabethan mantel-

I'ooms with the present panelling.

many swans

by the

472.

who owned Thompson

Edmund Bacon

Futter impaling Bacon of

piece of the principal

com

England,

many

mullets ar. pierced

the nave it

—Ar.

near the

has a matrix of

— Sa.

betw.

on a

fess

sa.

pulpit.

Their

a brass in

its

4t

HISTORY OF THOMPSON. and the Futter inscriptions are cut by an unskilled hand, one

centre,

of the stone, facing each other.

had wished

commemorate

to

are as

inscriptions

follows:

seems as

It

—"Robert

May

a very large family,

mother as cheaply

Futter,

Robert Futter, Gent., buryed

y« wife of

who had

the son,

if

father and

his

as

The

possible.

buryed 21st Nov., 1603;

Gent.,

end

at each

Marie,

22nd, 1588."

Robert Futter was lord of Thompson College and of the manor of Waterhouse and

of

Thompson nuper

before his of

manor

He, however, conveyed the College

Churchhouse.

death,

Collegii)

to

Henry

and the advowson of Thompson, Futter,

his

half-brother

His

1590.

in

Futter

called

and

son

eldest

Porys

of

Waterhouse and

He had

(Court

Roll,

His

Churchhouse.

Butters

will,

years ago.

now

yeare of of

1661,

weake doe

"

England, Scotland,

in

Robert

I,

Bodie,

make and

forme

this

I

ffirst,

He

y"'

Tompson

my

of

will

last

comend

my

assuredly, through

made ptaker

over to

Ff ranee, and

of

it

lack

Thompson,

Porye's land conveyed

Futter,

was

Office

at

also

lord

of

Norwich,

has the usual beginning of

day of

the

Aprill, in

Charles the

2nd,

defender of

Ireland,

County

testaint

into the

the Meritts of

came

was

a Thompson gentleman two hundred It

and

senr.,

He

1660).

Probate

the

this fourth

in

soule

of

in

Jesus

the

Norff.,

by

wills

13th

the

y= grace

Anno

fFayth, gent.,

Beeing

God therefore), writeing in manner and

hands of

Kingdome, And for

his everlasting

earth from whence

through

resided at

good and pfect remembrance (thanks be

but of



Maker, Trusting to be

Futter,

ordaine

following

Hall, in

our Sovreigne Lord Kinge

Raigne of

the

God, of

Dni.

was proved 24th March, 1662. In the name of God, Amen,

It

that time.

Robert

called

heir,

gives an insight into the house and furniture of

of

who

fourteen years

not

This third son, Thomas, seems to have become

head of this elder branch of the family in Thompson.

him

1.589,

(Blomefield),

descendants, for he had three sons, and his third son,

had eleven sons and two daughters. to

in

manor

always the

(called

to

Almightie

Christ,

my

my

only

God,

my

Saviour,

Bodie I freely give

it

to be decently buried, &c."

£3 to the poor of Thompson, and 20s. to the repair of the Church To Francis Futter, his son, he gives his messuage, called the Bell of Thompson. in Thompson (this was afterwards bought by the Rev. Mr. Colman), and one To John Futter, his acre of freehold lying in Garfield, in Curtliious furlong. all lands in West Bradenham son, the tenement called Dowsing in Tompson, and After giving legacies to his daughter, he says, "and whereas Francis and Seaming. Futter, my eldest sonne, is and standeth bound unto Sarah Futter, my daughter, by his wi-iting obligatory .... for the payment of £100 unto the said Sarah Ffutter at the church porch of the prish church of Thompson aforesaid." (It was a common custom to appoint the church porch as the place where money was The custom probably originated in the days when the clergyman was the to be paid. only person in the village who could read and write, and was continued long afterwards from habit. The church porch, too, would be a well-defined spot, about gives

....

which

there

could

no

mistake).

He

gives to his

grandchild,

Robert

Futter

(i.e.,

THE FAMILY OF FUTTER.

£10

Fi-ancis' son),

the

(of

College),

John Hamont, Minister

friend, Mr.

Francis

Sonne,

said

my

alsoe

buy him a piece 2067i. to buy him a to

bedstead,' table,

stooles, little

Futter,

all

"To my

plate.

"

2067t.

sake."

Item, I give

the same belonging, with

to

Pai'lour

chamber, and

Henry Futter To his loving

....

now

Parlour as they

goods in the

Bedd and furniture and cupboard, in the

brother, Mr.

my

weare for

ring to

Tompson,

of

my

of

45

all

to

stand,

my and

the chaires,

other goods there,

all

one greate trunke onely excepted, together with the greate cheste in the entry next

I

now

or one

lie,

he shall like best

and

there,

executor,

all

the

bedd, and

Bedstead, off,

bedding, in the

and great cupboard standing

Kitchin,

He

and longe Table

appoints his son Fi'ancis

Jeremy

and

brother-in-law,

his

chamber, where

chamber, which

in the "

Iron worke whatsoever

and William Davy, Gent.,

my owne Brewhouse

and bedding, in

Parlour chamber, one bedstead, bedd,

y"'

Purland, Gent.,

his son-in-law, to be supervisors of his will.

As a pendant

I give that of

to this will

contemporary of Robert Futter.

It

a Thompson yeoman, Thos. Rolfe, the

in the Probate Office at Norwich.

is

The Rolfe

and seem to have been among its well-to-do inhabitants. The name occurs in the Subsidy of 1381. In the court-rolls the Rolfes appear as copyholders from 1468 downwards. In the Subsidy Lists of 1524 and 1544 they are among the most substantial inhabitants. John Rolfe appears in the Church Inventory of 1552, thereby showing that he was considered one of family

had

been

long

settled

Thompson,

at

the chief parishioners.

Thomas Rolfe the

We

testator,

who

was the owner of houses and lands. own farm-house, which had a hall, and a parlour with the customary bedstead. The died

1657,

can picture him in our minds living in his

where no doubt the family lived, houses of that day were but scantily furnished, and great was the value of chattels accordingly we find Thomas Rolfe dividing these among his wife and childi-en, even down to the bowls and dishes. His lands and houses he leaves to his wife and sons on condition that they pay certain fortunes to his five daughters. "

In the name of God Amen. ...

unto James of

ai-able

my

I,

Thomas Rolfe

of

Thompson, yeoman

houses and tenements called Fishers

son

lately purchased of

Thomas Page,

gent.,

.... and

Perches .... unto Margaret my daughter .... 2 acres lying in Brackland .... unto Thomas my son all' my houses, with the house fitting wherein

'

Mr. Wright (Domestic Manners,

We

of the fifteenth century.

Mauthy must have ffetherbedde

w'

been, this

pillo",

p.

476)

and

tester,

in

my

parlour at

Mauteby."

trundle

coverlets,

by the among

bed with a feather bed, two

one presser, a

will of Thos.

little

table,

a bolster, two

it

1

blankets,

one chest, three chairs, and three forms."

Kolfe given below,

the furniture a bed.

coverlets,

seems that one hundred years

in such of

dwell

a stately house as

William Yelverton,

And Mr. Wright

parlour at Beaimiont Hill, a gentleman's house in the north, as containing in

" One

ffurland I

says that a bed was always part of the furniture of a parlour

know from Margaret Paston's will that in 1479, and was the case. " I bequeth to Anne my dowght, Wiff

curteyns,

6 acres

lying in the furlong called Long

.567

describes

the following

two carpet table

By Robert

later a parlour in

my the

furniture

:

cloths,

two

Futter's will,

and

Norfolk contained

HISTOEY OF THOMPSON.

46

....

to

my

Elizabeth

wife 2 cows and one bullock, she to take and choose them

whore she please [mark the

my

plural

now

termination with the singular pronoun, as

and one mare which was her ffather Canham's, and and one swine or hogg, one colt which is the wall-eyed colt, being a blacke one and and one bedstead featherbed and all the furniture she to take wliere she will thereunto belonging, and one flockbed and bedstead, and all the furniture, &c., shee and 3 coffers and 1 chest and 1 box, all being in the parlour, and to choose them in Norfolk]

out of

cattle,

;

;

;

likewise one cupboard

where she

will,

she to choose

one featherbed and the bedstead in the Parlor

...

it

....

furnished

full

my

unto Thomas

.

son,

unto James

my

Sonne one fetherbed with the cartaine and eeke, and the boarded bedstead that stand on the chamber over the hall, furnished by the disci'etion of sheets to it ... now standing and a of

with a good

flockbed,

paire of sheets

sheets

a paire of

my

Anne

unto

.

.... unto

my

daughter, one

wife to furnish

.... unto Elizabeth

it

wife

wife with a good paire

bedstead

in

chamber

the bed

for her as well as she can

Pleasant and

my

my

Margaret

my

and

daughters, each

the brasse and pewter that she

all

had of her father which I had with her, and likewise one iron pott, 2 beere vessels, and one tubbe, she to take them where she will .... unto James my son the biggest kettle that I have in the howse .... unto Thomas the best brasse pott .... unto Pleasant the little brasse pott .... unto Anne one brasse pipkin, and to every child one pewter dish a peece, the eldest to have the biggest dishes .... unto my

two

eldest daughters each

a beere vessell .... unto James the blacke coulte that I

bought of Edward Eowse .... unto

and

her,

the rest of

the bowles

to

my

wife

mj'

3

all

the boM'les that she brought with

eldest

daughters, to be equally divided

among them by my wife .... unto James one

....

piece

Item

I

give unto Elizabeth

my

speet

(spit)

and

wife a combe of old

my

fowling

little

Rye

if

it

please

God that I depart this life before the 1st day of August next, and the hempe that is now growing upon one of the hemplands which she will, also the old cart, two and half the geese, young and old, and two speets, two buffet and a chaire and a bason, and one cheese tubb and one salting trough, and Thos. Rolfe, sole executor." Proved 6th the grasse that is now in Hunt's pightle. Jan., 1658, by the widow, because Thomas Rolfe, the son and executor, died before piggs

stools,'

the testator.



Buffet stool

Myst., p. 199. ever saw." buffets.

—a

There

kind of is

small stool,

a stool with three legs.

a saying in Suffolk,

MalliuelVs Diet.

I

am

"a

"Go

fetch ns a light buffit."

Towneley

dead ass and a new buffet stool are two things which nobody

informed that the hassocks in

St. George's,

Hanover Square, are

called

PEDIGREE OF FUTTER OF THOMPSON.

47

PEDIGREE OF FUTTER OF THOMPSON. The Pedigree given herewith shows that there were two

distinct branches of

the

Futter family, both of which, judging by the Registers and Court Rolls, continued to reside at Thompson, viz., the elder branch descended from Robert Futter aforesaid, and the younger and more important branch descended from

The Futters

the elder branch were called

of

"

of

Robert's half-brother Henry.

Thompson "

those of the younger Both branches were evidently considered Norfolk,' for in the elder there were alliances with the ;

branch were called "of Thompson College."

amongst the gentry of

as

Bacons of Hessett, the Lenthalls of Hereford, the Lovells of Harling, and the Days of Scoulton and in the younger with the Thwaites of Hardingham and the Bedingfields of Wighton. ;

As an evidence letter

of

the

of

position of

Futters in the county,

the

Privy Seal issued in 1604, whereby

Out

Norfolk £16,430.

there

was

we may

proposed to be

cite

the

raised in

540 knights and gentlemen of the county, 443 have £20 each placed against their names, and amongst these names is that of Futter Rbte., of of

Tompestone (Norf. Archceol.

who married Jane The

This was Robert Futter of Thompson College,

339).

ii.

Bedingfield.

elder branch of

the Futter family came to an end, in the direct male

with Robert Futter of Shelton, who died in

John Barker of Shropham, Hemsworth, is the heir-pi'esumptive sold to

of

Thompson

relate

to

and

lands in

his

line,

Thompson were

whose descendant, the Rev. Augustus Barker

to the property.

Futter and

of

Pedigrees

So far as they

Esq.,

17-58,

Thompson

the parish of

Bedingfield ;

showing the

descent of

Futter

College and of Futter of Thompson, and the connection of the latter

with Hemsworth, present owner of part of Thompson. Tho8. Futter=Florence, dau. of John Deveroe. Norf. Vis. i. 145.

of Stanton, Su£F., gent.

Christopher Beding-=7=France9, d. field, son and h. "f of HumEdmd. Bedingfield phrey

Wighton, and grandson of SirEdm. Bedingfield of Ox-

of

Vis.

i.

168.

Beding-=fEIizth., d.

Hindringham, Norf., 8. and h. of

Chambers

Francis

Stimson, of ... in

ofSturston,

of

Marshland,

Suff.,

Su£t.,gent.,

grandson of Sir Edm. Bedingfield of Ct-

bur. 1605, at Thomp-

wife.

boro.

son (.'). Norf. Vis.

.

Kedingfield

Thomdon,

Norf,

and

Vis.

i.

IGd.

i.

(«)

1

The manor

of

now

h. of

.

d. of

Belstead,

2nd

Priors was bought

Carthew's Zaunditc/i,

(1879) there are

many

ii.

of the

by 426.

name

=f=John Futter,: ^Agnes, d. of of Thu.'iton, Norf., Gentleman, d. 1572. East.Cotint. Coll. p. 129.



Robert Bryan of Throston, Suff., 1st

wife.

—Norf.

Vis.

Norf. Vis.

165.

w

(*)

Longham

from Queen Elizabeth. Norfolk, and

Anne,

John Boldingham of

and

ob. 1629.— Norf. Via. i. 1G8.

boro, ob. 1627, bur. at Wighton.— Aor/.

Edmund field of

W

Edw. Coke of William and Arthur Futter, the grantees The family of Futter spread into several other parts of

Sir

in the county in

humble

stations.

48

HISTORY OF THOMPSON. (a)

— Anne,

bur. at ThompBou, 1670.

Jane, d. loth Mar.,

Humphrey liedinj2:(iold

of Wighton, -Ith jVor/. son. Via.i. 1G8.



"T

J'ia.

Abigail,

Keymerstone, bur. at Thompson 1638, 2nd

husband.

Wm.

Via.

Lord

of the

scrivener, of London.

manor, with his

Flitter, jiin.,

—Norf.

son nuper CoUogii (Court

d. of

Robert c.£

Thompson

Vis.

Coll..!.;ent.,

d.

Daniel

rjth 1652.

Bedingfield bapt. at

—A'o'fi.

yyuo/,-,

I.

May, Vis.

wife, of

i.

I

John, eld.

of

Thompson

son.

Edm.

Kimber-

College, gent., 2nd son, mar. at

Bacon of

lev,

Hardingham, bur.

Thos., 3rd

Hesaet,

Norf., gent.,

at Thompson, 1619.

Tlarding-

son.

in loGl, He eld. son. conveyed it to his half-bro. Henry in 1.58'J.

ham,

bur. at

Elizabeth. Norf.

Bur. at Thompson 1603. Called Robert Futter, senr.

Robt. Futter=j=Mary,

husband.

From him

after her death lord till 1622

Thomp-

16-41.

Suflf.,ob.

2nd son, from

1.588,

Thomp-

whom

son, in

descend, the Futters of Stan-

nave.

ton.

Thompson. Lord of the manor of Waterhouse and Church-

son College.

(Court Book).

Thompson

168.

Futter of

descended the Futters of

the Futters of

.Tobn

d. of

From him

Vis.

descended

and

Thompson

Coll.

1.589,

bur. there 1602, Ist

Thomp-

1606),

I

Henry

:

165.

Norf.

Hicks,

1«R.

i.

— —T'

Futter of

Francis Beding-T= Winifred, field of Ellingd. of Thos. ham, Norf., Thwaytes, Esq., mar. at Esq., of

1643.— JVorf.

w

{/>) I

I

Jermyn MS.

house in

Re-

corder of Lynn. Norf. Vis.

Thompson. I.

169.

Votirt-roll,

1601. I

Nicholas Bedingfield of Thompson, gent.,

jun., of

Thompson, 1591.

and h., will proved

8.

JIary

1679, bp. at

Futter, bp. and bur. at

Thompson 1606, bur. there 1678.

Thomp-

—Norf

son, 1593.

Vis.

i.

165.

-Henry -I

Elizabeth, dr. of Futter of

Thompson

Thomp-

of Chris-

Fut-

Futter of

ter.

Thomp-

Beding-

Norf

1652, "recovd. in 1622, the

Wighton,

son, 3rd son, bur. at

bur. in

Thomp-

College manors and rectory agt. Francis & Edw. Bedingfield, and in 1663 (?) the

Th' impson chan-

son 1629.

cel 1643.

land con-

Thomp-

suages, 1 dovehouse, a faldcourse, and the rectory." Blomejield.

college,

field of

Vis.

Poryes

veyed

to

him

had

the manor, the

son, 1595.

Thomas =T=Sibill,

Henry

dr.

topher

said Robert

mar. Thos. Lovell of Garboldis. ham. See Lovell Ped

,

son Coll., gent,, bp.at Thonipsim 1594, bur. there

Futter, bp, at

Coll.,

— m — — Francis,

Futter =f=Anne

Robt.

Bridget, bp. at

1590.

mes-

4

bp. and bur. at

Thompson 16i2.



r

son Coll., gent. Will dated and proved (?) 1679.

Ub.

e.p.

Bp. at

living 19th May, 1679, bur. at

Barker.

Thompson, 1628. Robert,

(?)

bp. at

—— — — —r—



gent., his neph., lord of the manor of

Anne,

Thompson nup.

bp. at

CoUegii ; first court 1652. Court Book.

Robert =T^ Elizth.,

Futter, sen,, of Thompson, gent. ,bp.

Ware

dr. of

bur. at

2.

John,

bp. at

I

I

Henry, bp. and bur. 7.

Thompson

at

1587.

son 1593.

Thomp-

Thomp-

Thompson

11.

James,

bp. at

Thompson Of Mary, Woolnoth, 1601.

Londiin.

Thompson

Jermyn

Futter of Poryes in

Thos. Cooper,

1589.

1595, bur. there 1696.

MS.

Court-roll

gent., of

of Butters

Ot. Yar-

bp. at

Hall, 1660. Lord of

mouth.

Thomjison

bp. at

12. Richd. bp. and bur. at

1590.

Thompson

Thompson

thcw's

1596, of

1603.

fore their father. Coll. propty. and advowson went to John Ware,

1.

Thompson

stone.

The Thompson

dr.

bp. at

twodied justbe-

nuper Collogii on her husband's death, First court 1679. Court Book, Also suc-

Robert

— Car-

ceeded to improp.

(men-

Waterhouse and Churchhouse in Thompson.

tioned in

Court-roll,

tithes of

Hum-

1618.

Thompson.

phrey

Robt. Fuller the elder in

Ware, dead in 1681

Putter's

Laund. iii.

Waterhouse, ...

1650. 1

1

1628,

275.]

St.

3.

4.

Mary,

8.

Anne,

Willm. 9.

Henrj-,-

bp. at

London, Merchant

Thompson

Taylor.—

bp. at

1591.

Norf. Vis.

Thompson

5.

cis,

Fran-

13. Austen,

1605.

Called

|

Thos.i

bp. at

10. Arthur, bp. at

Thompson

Thompson

1592.

1598.

6.

Court-roll of

will).

J

W

Futter, bp.

Daye,

bp. at

tomb-

son 1629.

Esq., of Seoulton, mar. there 1579, buried there 1627.— Daye Ped. penes J. L)aye

Ballo of

.

[qy. sister of

Thompson, two died young, and

Thomp-

Robt.

Norf. Vis.

.

son 1659

not 1643 as on the

son 1625.

Norwich.

Lenthall was probably of the family of tho Speaker.

1623 (^Daye .

1586, bur. there 1662, s. andh., called

in chncl.,

Thomp-

Mary, dau.

1679, suc-

manor of Thompson

at

Seoiilton,

Ped.)

at

bur, there 1679. Of his four childn., all bp. and bur. at

dr., bur.

MS.

Thompson

bur. at

Frances,

Jermyn

in

Elizth. Futter, only dr. [Jermijn MS.) bur. at

ford, mar. at Thompson 1585, bur. there 1638. John

t'tios.

= Bridget,

HumphreyFutter of Thomp-

ceeded to



called son and hr. ter,

1

Thompsonl627,

son 1642,

Hero-

CO.

1— John Fut-

Thompson, 1641.

Henry,

Thomp-

of John Lenthall,

at

Biomejicld. I

dr.

(/)

There was a Thos. Futter. (rent., churchwarden of Merton, who married, in Susan Griffyn, widow, of Merton, and had two children bapt. there in 1629 Susanna, the wife of Thos. Futt«r, gent., buried Feb. Ist, 16S2.—

or ICTi.

Griston Reg. 2 The children of this Henrj* Futter were all buried in Gloucester Cathedral.^ T
PEDIGREE OF FUTTER OF THOMPSON. (/) I

John Ware of London, gent., lord

of

Thomp-

son

in

('oil.

1681,

when

he held his court (see Court Sold Bk).

first

Thompson

In Xorf. Vis.

i.

146,

Anne Fut-

and at

Uobt. and Elizabeth, but there is

Franuia Futter of

Thompson

no Anne

[liegister,

among

the eleven children bapt.

Mr. CoUman, and

at Thompson. What

the college

is

to Mr, Kd. Cater. Court Bk., 1700.

8.

ter who mr. "Win. Melsop is dr. of

improprt. rectory to

and mnnor

Francis

1.

Futter,

the authority for the state-

ment?

bp.

h.,

Thomp-

Edgar

of

Thompson 1697.

bur.

Thomp-

son 1701. Ijord of

Waterhouse and Churchhouse in

Thompson.

— Court Book.

^'.

Robert ^f" Susanna,



Lucie

=Josiah

Futter, bp. at

dr. of

Futter,

Tun-

Thuxton,

Thos.

bp. at

bridge.

1657 [T/iomp.

Dawson

Thomp-

of Shel-

son

Regr.),

of

Shelton, gent., bur. at Shelton 1727,

conveyed Watorhouse and Churchhouse Manor to Roger Colman, clerk, in

ton,

mar.

at Shel-

1668,

mar. at

ton 1681,

Seoul-

bur. there 1733,

ton 1702.

aged 78.

1725.

Robert Fulton of Shelton, Apothecary, bankrupt in 1746, died in 1758. His lands in Thompson sold to John Barker, Esq., of Shropham. eld. son, becam(\

Waterhouse and Churchhouso 1730 to 1747, when it was bought by John Barker of Shropham,

Lord

of

Manor from Esq.

.

at Eye 1693, bur. at

1627, called

16.57),

2. .

Eye, m.

son

at

Mary, dr. of

Thos.,

49

50

HISTOKY OF TUOMPSON.

Thompson

lord of

kinswoman, Jane Bedingfield, and died in

Humphrey

heir,

who became

Robert Futter,

buried.

step-father's

partially ceiled

Futter,

Thompson Thompson chancel, of

Gent.,

the roof of

He

carved on escutcheons.

Robert

College.

in

1621, married his

an only son and

Futter

and

repaired

for his initials with the date 1648 are

who

was, probably,

it

College

1G52,' leaving

nave the benches

also placed in the

with their poppy-heads, as appeal's by the date 1632 carved on one of them.

Humphre}^ son and heir of this Robert and Jane Futter, was the last of the Thompson College. All his children predeceased him. He die
;

term of her natural

life

"and after

;

tythes whatsoever unto

for

the

my

Church of

P'rish

my

maintenance of a preaching minister, and that

Thompston

the Parsonage of

and customs the sayd Thompston towards the

wife's death I give all the tythes

heires

present a clerk unto

shall

my

aforesaid, immediately after the death of

sayd wife,

and always after the death of the present incumbent, and they and every of them be lyable to the forfeiture of

shall

presentative

of

benefices

the lawe in caisse

Thus

be."

appears

it

Thompson to the Church was not carried out, being,

restore the tithes of

the will, however,

Mortmain, loth Rich.

Humphrey connected

default as other patrons

of

(?)

was the

it

testator's

wish to

This clause in

after his wife's death. I

conclude, contrary to

the

Statute of

II.

Futtcr's

which he signs with a mark, is witnessed by William Bedingfield, and who was therefore distantly Futter's mother by John Blome, who was

will,

who had married a by marriage with Humphrey

de Grey of

Merton,

;

Thompson and by Robert Pooley. who was sole executrix of her husband's will, died one year months after him {'Thompson Register), and at her death the tithes, which

Perpetual Curate of Bridgett

and ten

that

;

Futter,

should have passed to the church, went with the estate.

Humphrey gave Ware, his

without

died

son

wife's decease, by his will, his real estate to Robert and to the heirs of his body begotten but if Robert Ware's issue, the real estate was to be equally divided between the

after his

son,

sister's

;

daughters of John Prittiman (Humphrey's uncle).

Robert Ware enjoyed the estate (as appears by the court book) and the tithes



Eobert Futter and Jane his wife were buried in Thompson chancel, close to the east end, under black

marble Futter,

slabs,

of

with these

Tompson

The ages

inscriptions.

College,

who

gent.,

died

y

are not given.

12th day

of

— "Here May,

" Here lyeth interred the body of Jane, the wife of Robert Futter, the 2oth day of March, 1643, in the

day of

March, 1643

Bedingfield, i.

168.

Esq'."

(it

Xo

should be

doubt

yeare of her age;

1642,

Edmund

see

in

of

of

and Henry Futter,

Gray's

Inn,

the

Tompson

Jane's

the body of

yeare

College,

their sonne,

in the eighteenth year

Register)

Bedingfield,

lyeth interred 1652,

of

eldest

his

of

gent.,

who

Robert

his

who

age." died

died the ISth

age.— Ex. dono Edm.

brother,

see

Korf.

Vis.

MANOR OF THOlirSOX " NUPER COLLEGII." only two years, and

upon

51

28th May, 1085, mortgaged the College and Rectory to

John Ware of London, off the entail, and Ralph Hare, Esq., for £900,

and

gentleman, for

then,

gentleman, who, with

18th

except 63 1

College,

Elizabeth

sold

1700,

Oct.,

his death, passed

acres

his

sold

his son,

21st Jan.,

wife,

Rich.

to

to

Cater of

1681,

Caston,

cut

betw.

A

Crest:

the

;

also,

Thompson Barker of Thompson and also, except the The arms of John Ware A chevron wyverns' (?) heads. Deed 14th Oct., 1699, and 23rd Jan., 1699.

except eighteen acres sold

to

;



impropriate Rectory of Thompson, for £1400. crenelle,

£1400 and

Robert Atmear, of Swaffham, yeoman;

to



three

fawn's head.

The property, consisting of 63J acres, sold to Atmear, was mortgaged, and afterwards sold by him to the Rev. Wm. Ewin of Merton, Norfolk, who died 31st July, 1704, and who, by his will, left it to his daughter Susanna Maria, wife of Henry Iveson of Norwich, M.D. Her brother, Thomas Ewin of Swanton Morley, disputed the

clerk,

sold

it

Blomefield, under

Mrs.

in

Iveson,

Wereham, mentions a Thomas Methwold

He may have

in 1633.

gent.,

but this property continued

will,

who

in

1709,

to William Tooke, Esq.

been a tenant of

the

Thompson College The Methwolds were

of

Futters.

connected by marriage with the Futters (see Daye pedigree, infra).

The

Mr.

Rev.

the church

in

Collman

Thompson,

and probably

possessed,

called

the

resided

House, which

Bell

at,

had

a

been

house left

south to

of

Francis

Futter by his father Robert (see p. 43). It was probably on the site of the farmhouse now occupied by Mr. Chase, and forming part of the present Hemsworth estate. Blomefield says, under Kenxinghall, "Jolm Millgate, last Prior of Bokenham,

bare for arms three escallops, which are to be seen on a brick in the chancel wall of Kenuinghall, two lions being the supporters as also upon a wall of a house at ;

Thompson,

in

'Perpetius

anuis

which

p.

and Sarah

Thompson from 1715 Churchhouse

house with 75

Colman,

memento

Milgate

Mr. Roger Collman at

Roger

to in

his

clerk,

and

Johannis,'

this

at

heir,

death

his

left

ii.

309.

is

called

son and heir of

indenture of

Roger

Colman,

mortgage, dated

Greene of Drinkstone, Suffolk,

clerk.

late

of

of

Thompson,

Rectory deeply redemption, but

Bedford, OiBcer of clerk.

This

deed

Roger Colman and Edward Roger Colman morto-ao-ed to the said Thompson, commonly called the Bell, with

1728,

The

the

having the equity of

Blomefield,

an

HANDIS.'"

baptised and one buried

In a deed dated 21st Jan., 1754, Barber Colman

recites

them

Roger Colman was lord of the manor of WaterThompson from 1725 to 1730 (see Manor Book, and

the mortgagee was in possession in 1738."

only

under

1720.

mortgaged. Barber Colman, his son and

Excise,

this

'HELP

motto

wife had two children

"The Rev. Mr. Roger Collman

inf.).

dwelt, with

lately

between

said

Edward Greene a messuage or tenement in two acres of land thereto adjoining, between the common river east, and the common way leading to the Church of Thompson west, and abutting upon another common way south, and the laud theretofore of Thos. Wright north, for £157. 10s. Od. This

H

2

FAMILY OF THOMPSON.

52

deed also recites that Matthew Barker of Thompson (who was at

Thompson)

inhabitants of

cliief

Communicated by There was a family generations. Sir Roger

the Rev.

liad contracted

together

premises,

said

the

of

sale

Wm.

with

with Barber Colman for the absolute Rectory

Tliompson.

Impropriate of

Grigson.

Colman

of

the

time one of the

tliat

who

resident

at

Great

Ellingham

Hall

for

several

by marriage with the heiress of Gurncy, Hall, sold it to Mr. Francis Colman of of Ellingham manor the become possessed of Norwich. Colman of Norwich bore Az., on a pale radiant rayonne a lion ramp. gu. Richard Cater of Caston, gentleman, to whom John Ware sold the college and manor, died in 1717.

Muniment Room

Potts,

He was Merton

at

had,

Thompson The probate

buried

E

(box

in

2).

His

chancel.

will

is

in

the

dated 17th June, 1717.

is

"I,

to my son, John Cater, manor of Richard Cater the elder of Tompston, Gent of it to be paid to son Richard to son Anthony year out a £20 Tompston College, ;

property in Caston, Griston, and Wattou

Farm

Hall

chambers

;

....

;

.

.

.

residue

.

John Cator, the

my

Mary,

to

loving

John,"

son

to

.... and goods, cattle, and stock on Caston £30 and the furniture of one of my who is appointed sole executor. The Rev.

wife,

eldest son, succeeded to the College Manor.

Richard Cater's

first

court was held in 1700, and the Rev. John Caters

first

court

The Rev. John Cater, the son, was Thompson nuper Collegii). the Rectory Manor at Great Ellingham, and was patron and incumbent

in 1718 {Court Booh,

lord also of of

He

Great and Little Ellingham.

settled part of

—Armstrong's Register — Richard

Little Ellingham and on Carbrooke.

Extract from Thompson 1717.

On

:

a small marble slab within the

the tithes of Great Ellingham on

Wayland, Cater,

communion

pp. 19

38.

was buryed 29th May,

Gent., rails

and

this inscription,

is

"Hie

jacet corpus Richardi Cater, generosi, qui obiit vicesimo septimo die Maij, anno domini

1717, et fetatis sua3 septuagesimo quarto."

From Thompson buried July 30th, this inscription,

Register

1747."

"To

the

:



"

The Rev. John

There

memory

is

a

slab

Cater, a learned

and ingenious divine,

within the communion

of the Rev. Mr. John Cater,

who

rails

which bears

depai-ted this life

the 27th day of July, 1747, aged 55 years.

The

will of

the Rev. John Cater was proved 29th July, 1747.

"I,

John Cater

of

to my sister, Tompson, clerk College Manor, on condition that Robert Tooke is continued tenant at a rent of £100. To said Robert Tooke £200 and all my furniture, &c., in (The real rent was £120.) Mary Bond, the mansion house of Tompson, comonly called Tompson College. " To be privately interred in Thompson chancel, hard by the executrix and residuary."

Mary Bond

grave of

my

of

Little

Ellingham,"

Thompson

deceased father."

The Rev. John Cater left to his sister and heir, Mrs. Bond, widow, his Thompson Court Book property, and her first court for the college manor was held in 1747.

MANOR OF TFIOMPSON " NUPER COLLEGII."

John Morplievv the

of

and

Mary, one of the daughters

of Norwich, gentleman, hath niarried

Mary Bond, widow,

said

consideration of

in

of

late

Little

now of Norwich, Mary Bond and her son Morphew the manor, &c., of

Ellingham, and

by Morphew

paid

annuities

53

to

Mary Bond conveys to Thompson College. Rev. Thomas Bond, the eldest (?) son, is not mentioned. I suppose his mother considered him provided for Ly the Rectories of Thompson and Ellingham. Neither is his only son, the Rev. Thomas Bond, mentioned, but probably Mary and Elizabeth, the sisters of the last-named Rev. Thomas, for the like reason. Thus, John Morphew, having are to be paid by Morphew the sum of £50 a-piece. become possessed of Thompson College by deed, 4th June, 1759 (box E), sold it to and

Jonas

wife

his

Sarah,

William Tooke, Esq., for £3780.

Tooke

Per chev.

bears.

changed, betw., in chief two base a

griffin's

continued before

add to

to

death

his

and

Mr. Tooke having

other

properties

by William Tooke Harwood,

small properties purchased in 1S02

1736 acres, of the value of Lord Walsingham, who gave for

to

fifth

Copdock in Suffolk, of the value of £39,105. William Tooke is buried in tlie nave, near the south

in

17G9,

opportunity, and

with

which,

there,

purchased

manor

and the Butters Hall estate whenever he had the

ten

counter-

pattee

the second, collared gu., and in

or.

1759,

in

Thompson

Tooke property in Thompson

the centi'e point a cross

collared

first,

purchased

ceded in 1844 to Thomas,

in

heads erased of

the

lands

his

had

ar.,

griffin's

head erased of

manor

College

the

and

sa.

four

made up the This was £37,819. Esq.,

it

in

exchange his

estate at

bears



inscription-

this

"

In

memory

William

of

door, under a

Tooke, Esq., of

the

which

slab

farm

College

who died Sept. 25th, 1802, aged eighty-two years. There is also a It is worthy of marble monument to his memory on the north wall of the nave. note that John Home, of Parley, the well-known politician and philologist, took by royal license in 1782 the name of Tooke, out of regard for his friend William Tooke, and was thenceforth known as John Home Tooke {A^orf. Chron., June, 1782). By his political conduct Mr. Home obtained the favour of Mr. Tooke of Purley, in

and

parish,

this

received

nephew.

Col.

reversion

of

him Harwood, from

his

estate

;

such to

assurances

agree

upon

though Mr.

a

Home

of

testamentary

partition

of

favours

their

never received,

as

joint

first

induced

interest

and

last,

in

his

the

than

moi'e

£8000 from the property, notwithstanding the subsequent change of his name (from Jolui Home to John Horne Tooke) about the year 1782, in acknowledgment of patron's kindness, and his long-continued intimacy and frequent residence at his Purley

the principal legatee after

;

12th £90,000. ffriend,

Oct.,

1802.

£36,600

John

left

Probate of in

Horne Tooke,

legacies Esq.,

all

being a Mr. Beasley."

will

to of

of

William

relations

and

Wimbledon

Encyc. Brit.

Tooke, Esq.

"I

friends.

....

I

Personalty

under

give £500 to

say £500, and

I

my also

HISTORY OF THOMrSOX.

54:

and acquit the said John Home Tooke of all the pi-incipal sum of £750 now on niortf^agc .... £100 each to Mary and Chai-lotte Hart, now living with the Real estate and remainder of personal to (great) aforesaid John Home Tooke ....

forgive

....

nephew, John Baseley

John Green Baseley, Lieut.-Col. Thus William Tooke left

take the

to

lie

name

Executors, nephews,

Tooke.

of

Tooke Harwood, and John Baseley.

Thompson property to his great-nephew, John Brit, calls "a Mr. Beasley" excluding his Baseley Tooke, however, ceded the property Jolm Harwood. nephew William Tooke Col. Harwood held his first to his uncle. Col. W. Tooke Harwood, for his life.

whom

Baseley,

his

the writer in the Encyc.

He resided at the College, to Thompson College in 1809. part of the College was aftermodern rooms. This modern which he added some wards pulled down by Col. Harwood's successor, John Baseley Tooke, and was rebuilt as an addition to a cottage in a field called Hallidays Close, near Thompson manor

court for the

of

Carr, and became the

shooting lodge of

the estate and the occasional

residence

of

The shooting lodge, of Thompson Hall become the property of had when it down in 1852, (see infra), was again pulled Lord Walsingham, and was rebuilt as the present Merton Rectory on land in Thompson Col. Harwood is said exchanged by Lord Walsingham for the glebe in Merton. prisoner in Norwich Castle many j-ears a He was to have been very eccentric. because he could not, or would not, pay the damages and costs in an action for He was afterwards in the slander, brought against him by Sir Jacob Astley. its

turned

owner, the College being again

Cottage because

the Hall

called

Fleet Prison, and returned to

Harwood on one

Col.

this entry

service

lord

of

performed

in

from the

S.

Styles),

of

This child was kept unburied

was

many days

before he died.



"

after

son

of

11th, 180G,

having

there

Sunday

been

no

became

ofiensive

I

find

and by W. Tooke Tliomas

Minister,

Whitsunday, the

after

and their children it

for

parish,

his

Charles,

buried Aug.

Thompson,

church since the

site

clergyman of

as

Register book.

neicrhbourinsr churches to return thanks,

"•oin" to

state

acted

occasion

(late

this

a farmhouse.

Thompson only a few years

manor

the

into

not far

stood

handwriting in the

in his

Sarah Andrews his wife

Harwood,

it

nor

•women

to be christened. in

an excessive

putridity."

of

must be remembered that at this time there was no resident minister at Thompson, Breckles, Merton, Tottington, or Stanford, and that the services were only held in these churches once a fortnight, and often The clergyman rode on horseback with top boots, from one only once a month. church to another, sometimes taking as many as five services in the day, and seldom In explanation of

visiting

any

Thomjjson Col.

the of

is

this

parish on

the

neglect

week

it

days.

The stipend

Harwood, though twice married, died

communion William

of

the

Perpetual

Curate of

£43.

rails,

Tooke

under a

slab

s.p.

which bears

Harwood, Esquire, who

in

this

died April

1824,

and was buried within

inscription 11th,

— "To

1824,

the

aged

memory sixty-four

MANOR OP THOMPSON " NUPER

55

COLLEGII.''

nephew and successor in the estate also died s.p. Thus came to the son of Barbara Basely and James Hales, her husband, viz., the Rev. James Tooke. Hales Tooke, who conveyed it in exchange fur an estate at Copdock to Thomas, fifth Lord Walsingham, whose son is the present owner and lord of the manor. The De Greys have been copj'liold tenants of the College manor at least since the 12th Charles I. (courtroll tliat date), but till their purchase from Mr. Tooke they possessed but little land in Thompson, viz., ISO acres, situated (as appears by a map of 1723 now at Merton Hall) south of Bradmore and Thompson North Commons, being lauds now years."

Harwood's

Col.

Thompson

the

College

in the occupation of

property

Mrs. Matthews, Mr. Brown, and Mr. Land.

PEDIGREE OF TOOKE OF THOMPSON COLLEGE. Communicated by

t/te

JTm. Grigson,

lute Jin\

who appear

[There were Tookes resident in Thompson, and landowners there, the Registers from

1643

to

known

but they are not

1797,

to have been

in

connected

with the Tookes of Thompson College.] Robert Tooke=p Thomasin, dau. of Walter Deynes of Burlingham, Living 1st March, 1600-1. co. Norf.

of Norwich.

|

I

,

John Tooke,

Thomasin Tooke, bapt. at All Saints', Norwich, Sth April, 1593.

bapt. there 2nd AuL'. Ii98.

,

.

Robt. Tooke, bapt. there 19th

Win. Tooke, sometime =p Elizth., dau. V .__.:_u „« Norwich, Alderman of Tunstall,

Uct. 1596.

Sheritf 1650, died intestate, bur. in All Saints' Church, 2nd Sept. 1671,

Will dated .5th Feb. 1673 proved (Archd. Norw.) 29th

aged

July, 1679.

ij

87.

Hugh Cooper

of

Norf.. bur. in All Saints" t'hurch, Norw. ,-,£

co.

;

1

Wm.

Edward Tooke of Norwich, liell-foundor, bapt. at All Saints', 2nd Feb. 1026-7, and there bur. in Oct. 1679, having died

unmarried.

of

Lakenham,=

5'eonran, so described in his will,

bapt. at All Saints', 10th Feb. 1617; bur. at Lakenbam, 6th April, 1673. Will dated 27th March, 1G73 ; proved in the Coiu't of the Dean and Chapter of Norwich, 29th May, 1673.

John Tooke

Several other

Tooke

of Norwich, worstead

weaver, bapt. at Lakenham, 18th JIarch, 1646, bur. at St. John's Sepulchre in Norwich, 21st Oct.

children.

1673, s.p.

Other

issue.

Frances, dau. of Robt. Fitt, mar. at Lakenham, 15th Dec. 1641, bur. there 12th April, 1673. Will dated 7th April, 1673 proved in

Richard =

=

;

:

Johnson of Norwich,

Mary Tooke, bapt. at Ail Saints', 14th May, 1624.

Slerchant. Living 14th Oct., 1679.

Living oth Feb. 1673.

Court of Dean and Chapt.,20th Oct. 1673.

Wm. Tooke of Norwich, woolcomber, bapt. at Lakenham, 9th Jan. 164S; ob. loth July, 1725; bur. on the 17th in St. Peter's Hungate, Norwich.

=

Mary,

=

bur.

ob.

at

11th

St.

Hungate,

13th June,

1735.

Edward Tooke of Norwich, worstead weaver,^ Barbara, dau. of Hood Hunt, eldest surviving son, bapt. at St. Peter's Hungate ob. 6th Aug. 1754, aged 70 nth Oct. 16S1 ob. 27th Feb. 1727, aged 46; bur. in St. Clement's Church. bur. in St. Clement's Church, Norwich. ;

;

Willm. Tooke, Esq., of Serjeants' Inn and of Purley (Thompson College Manor Book, 1774). I'urchaser of the Thomp.son property, d. 1802 unm.ard., buried in Thompson nave; lord of the manor of Thompson "unper coUcgii" and of

Elizabeth Tooke, in^Thos. Harwood of Braconher descts. heir to her dale, many years one of tha brother; d. 1797, aged Common Council of Norwich; 79, bur. in St. Peter d. 1780, aged 72, bur. in St. Mancroft, Norw. Peter's Mancroft.

Butters Hall. («)

.ind

Peter's

HISTORY OF THOMPSON.

56

I

Elizth.Dro8ier,=Win. Tooke Hiirwood of •= Ann, dau. of bom 9th Feb., Thompson, Esq.. only Thos. Hol176i; died Ist son, a Colonel in the croft. She Jan. 1796; bur. at Woodnorton,

Norf.

CO.

1st

Army; bapt.

at St. Peter's

Mancft., 19th d.

tJct.

1757

;

ind April, 1824, bur.

at Thompson in chancel; lord of the manor of

wife.

Thompson legii

**

nuper

John

Orcene

=

=

wood, mar. 2nd June, 1778; d. 18th Dec. 1839, aged 91 also

Basely, .Alderman of Norw., Mayor 1791, born 2i;th Sept. 1740; died

died 19th Feb. 1841,

aged 76. 2nd wife.

30lh

Nov.

;

1S06;

Barbara Harwood, 22nd Mar. 1823, aged 73, s.p., having been mar. to Koger d.

Warno.

Esq.,

of

Bath, Lieut. -Col. in Hon. E. I. Comp. Service. He d. 7th

bur. in St.

Saviour's

bur.inSt.Savi
col-

,

Xlargaret Ilar-

Church.

1

July, 1845, aged 91.

city.

and of Butters Hall,

Thompson.

John Baseley Tooke of Thompson, Esq., only son, an acting magistrate for Norf., assumed the additional

surname of Tooke by royal

lie.

in Oct. 1802.

pursuant to the will of

Wm.

Edwin

= Mary

Chitty, a Lt.Col. in Hon. E. I. C. Serv., died 7th Oct.

1838,aged62; bur.atCatton, s.p.

Ann

Baselt eld. dau., b. 2.5th Hay, 1780,

Esq., .Sheriff of Norwich 1831, J. P. for Norf.;

mar.

Hcthersett 16th Jan. 1843; buried in St. George's Colegate Church,

16th Aug. 1825; d. 27th Feb. 1856 bur. at Catton. ;

Tcioke, Esq., his

in

d. at

Norwich.

great-uncle; b. 1.3th Jlar. 1779; d unmar. 1 2th Nov. I84I ; bur.

1

Wm. Herring, = Eli2th. Mary Baseley,

JamesHale8,= of the city of Norwich, at-

2nd

dau., b. 13th Oct. 1781, mar. at St. Giles'

Church, Norw., 22nd Nov. 1831 d. s.p. 21st April, 1840. ;

torney-atlaw,mar. 13th June, 1810 ; died 6th Apr. 1831.

'

Barbara Baselev, 3rd and

youngest dau.,

bom

24th Sept. 1783; date of death

unknown.

The Rev. James Tooke Hales Tooke

Konsal Green Ceme-

of

Thompson, conveyed

his

Thompson manors and property

tery lord of the manor of Thompson "nuper ;

to Thos., 5th d. 1875.

Collegii"andofB utters

Lord Walsingham,

Hall.

NOTE

A.

Sir Edmund Knyvett certainly sold some of the college land in Thompson Edmund de Grey of Merton. There is at Merton Hall a deed of bargain and

to

and

sale,

also a deed of

conveyance, and a

"

foot of

line," all

dated 33rd Hen. YIII.,

from Sir Edmund Knyvett to Edmund de Grey, Esq., of Waylond Wood otherwysse called y^ Collegge Wood, and lands in Griston, Thompston, Marton, Watton, and "

'

Totyngton, pcell of the possessions of Tompson Colledge."

The portion

of

the

possessions

of "

Thompson College which

Edmund

—three

boutrht, is stated

in the " foot of fine

of land

one hundred acres of pasture, twenty acres of wood

'

the

[arable],

to

have been as follows

:

de Grey

hundred acres [half of

this,

This wood, seventy acres in extent, is known by tradition as the scene of the murder of "The Babes in There are at least two other versions in existence of this story, besides the well-known ballad.

Wood."

In one

of these the scene is laid near

with the story at

known by

Padua, in the other near London, but as Wayland

least as early as the reign of

Queen Elizabeth, when Griston Hall,

tradition as that of the cruel uncle,

was

built

Wood

has been connected

close to the wood, the

house

and ornamented with carvings representing the

story,

The

ballad

probable that some incident happened in the wood in mediaeval times which gave rise to

it

is

is

supposed not to be earlier than about 1650.

it.

MANOR OF THOMPSON " NUPER COLLEGII."

57

must have been the College Wood or Waylond Wood].> One thousand acres of marsh, three hundred acres of bruery [heath or furze, O.F. hruiere], a foldcourse and commonage for one hundred cows in Thomcston, Griston, Watton, TottjTigton, or ten acres,

and

For

Marton.

Edmund

land

this

all

de Grey paid Sir

Edmund Knevett £120

same "foot of fine." Edmund's grandson, writes in 1624' of his "two fould corses of Morton and Thompson, conteyniiige 1200 sheep (noote y' Mei'ton is not stented to steiding, according to the

Sir William de Grey,

Thompson being only 400 and noe

numlior,

an\^

more),

valewed w'hout stocke

all

at G" the hundred, Ixxij"."

And paper,

amongst

landes

in

iiyl.

makes

1676

belonging to

who

to

Jan., 1796.

Gentleman [Pi'oved

Copy

of Will of

surviving executors]

Waylond

to ffeld

of

Thopson

Homadge every

of

to do personal homage].

Willm. de Grey,

Esq.,

his

all

I7s.

fyfth

Itim

grandson, in

lands

for

And

formerly

llfZ."

— (MS.

[see p. 52].

Wm.

to brother

In tho schedule attached

Closes and lands in

ob."

g''^,.]

Court of Bi-shop of

in

by covenant

iijrf.

landes p'call

note

NOTE B

1

my

respitt

Crown had

And

\uyl."

my

Knevitt, xvijs.

:— Payment. "To y' Kings auditt yeerly Thompson Colledge and 8cZ. for an acquittance, in

this

book at Merton Hall, marked

2nd

Kinge for

the

rent chardge

for a

Edmond

S''

held of the

attorney,

of

of

item amongst his receipts in a

this

Itim to the Kinge for

ob.

[tenants

iiijcl

the warrant

for

Imprimis

"

has

phelipp Knevett

S''

Thompson pchased

payments —

his

iiijs.

William de Grey

:

Colledge, xvijs.

terme,

Sir

— 1G24: "Off

dated

also

my

for

the same

a

Lichfield,

his heirs,

dated 30th Aug., 33rd Hen. VIII., occurs this passage:

wood wood or

certain

estimation ten acres of land, and lying near the

by John Bale, cop3'hold of Thompson

21st Sept., 1797,

Barker Bale and

the conveyance,

— "first

Bale of Watton in Chesterfield, Derbyshire,

or thicket thicket of

Waylond Wood, containing by Manor of Merton and the Nahbe

called

the

manor in Thre.xton." It would seem that there were in the sixteenth century four Waylond Wood:— (1) The part belonging to Slerton Manor called Waylond Wood, tho ancient inheritance of the de Greys. (2) The ten acres that had belonged to Thompson CoDege, called also Waylond Wood, which Edmund de Grey bought. Thrcxton Nabbe, which Edmund de Grey also bought, and (3) pertaining to a certain

parts

of

which was held Threxton.

of

Threxton Manor.

In some depositions taken

state that tho

Nabbe was the

(4)

at

part of the

College, but the above extract

Mounteneys Wood, which belonged

Wymondham,

wood bought

4th Jan., 36th Eliz.,

of Sir

from the schedule seems

to the

now

of

Mounteneys

in

K. 0., the witnesses

Edm. Knevett, and formerly belonging

to contradict their evidence. I

manor

in tho P.

to

Thompson

58

HISTORY OF THOMPSON. given to

property

me by

Matthew

Will of

y^

Barker

brother John Bale of Manchester, merchant, and

Thompson

his

Thompson, remainder

of

....

heirs

to

Freehold pi-operty

John Bale of Watton, Gentleman, and brother John Bale upon trust to sell and pay annuities to mother Martha Bale, uncle John Bale remainder to brother Barker Bale and heirs .... remainder to brother John residue to brothers and sisters John, Thomas, Martha, Bale and heirs Caroline, and Maria .... William Bale, child of Barker Bale, uncle John Bale, and brother John Bale, executors. Barker Bale, a private in 15th Regiment of Foot, died Srd Dec, 179o, at Martinique in the West Indies, s.p. Thus a portion of the Thompson pi'opcrtj' of Matthew Barker passed to in

uncle

to

.

.

.

....

Thompson, farmer, then

William Bale, Senr., of to

his

son

John Bale

of

Manchester, merchant,

son

his

to

who

sold

it

William Bale, to

jun.,

then

William Tooke,

Esq.,

for £1500.

NOTE [The following

a ti-anslation of the

is

C.

document referred

to

on

p.

32,

n.

2.

It

had become displaced among Mr. Crabbe's MSS., and came to hand too late to allow of my putting it in the Appendix of Documents relating to Thompson College. I hope I do Mr. Crabbe no great injustice in suspecting that he was not aM'are of the meaning

name

the term Sir, often prefixed to the

of

the sixteenth origin

is

not

century

known

;

to

and all,

as

this

I venture

of

sometimes

practice

readers,

pei'plexes

add here an extract which

to

explanation that I have met with of a

a priest, even late in the middle of

offers

and

its

the best

which has caused some discussion from

title

time to time. " is

This being

so,

and that

a Priest's place in

civil

conversation

always before any Esquire, as being a Knight's fellow by his holy orders, and the of tite three sirs which only were in request of old .... to wit Sir King, was in Latin applied to all Knight, and Sir Priest, this word Bominus

third

Sir

noble and generous hearts, even from the Sir in

and

in

English was restrained

common

Sir Priest

speech

was ever the

cerning Religion

and

to

these

Sir Esquire; second."

State, 4to.

A

so

King

always, since distinction of

Dccacordon of Ten

is

Quodlihetical

Graduate,

titles

were,

Questions con-

1G02.

William Watson, the writer of this passage, has a

more true to say that in common who was a graduate, but not always

priest

But

Sir Knight, Sir Priest, Sir

foui-.

as

meanest Priest

to the

parlance if

the

little

title

overstated his case.

Sir was always

It

given to a

he were no graduate of the University.

In

however,

century,

sixteenth

the

it

became the custom

whether he were a University man or not is

" NUPER COLLEGII."

OF THOMPSON

1L4.N0R

much

;

in the

to

59 every priest

call

Sir,

same way as now everybody

addressed as Esq.

John Mayster's attendant for still continuing to be a brother of the College though ceasing to be Master, he would pay nothing for his own maintenance it was by no means below the usual

With regard

to the

payment made

for the board of



charge

the board of of

Strano-e

A

board Avages.

for

so

century

Expenses of

the

appears that the ordinary charge for

it

young gentleman as the son of Sir Thomas Le was one shilling a week. See Privy Purse

a

considerable

Hunstanton when

later

at school

L'Estranges of Humstanton, Archceologia,

xxv.

vol.

446.]

p.

[Translation.]

LICENCE TO SIR JOHN MAYSTER, BROTHER OF THOMPSON COLLEGE.

of Mother Church to whom the present letters may come, and John Mayster, priest and brother of the CoUege of Thompson in the Diocese of Norwich, Roger Fylpot, master of the said College, and the other brethren, Whereas Sir Thos. Shardelow, priests of the said College, wish eternal health in the Lord.

To

all

the

especially to

sons

Sir

Knt., of good memory, six

chaplains

in

the

out of

town

of

his

good will ordained and founded a perpetual chantry of aforesaid, in which ordinance and foundation he

Thompson

and ordained that one of the same chaplains be master, whom the rest of the priests are bound to obey in lawfid things; and that they shoidd sleep, eat, and drink together in one house, and that it should not be lawfid for any of the same priests to and that daily in the morning they should pass the night or eat outside their dweUing

settled

;

assemble in the church of Thompson aforesaid

....

mass, and vespers daily by day and night (de die

and that they shall celebrate matins, per noctem quotidie) if they conveniently

more fully contained in the ordinance of the founder himself. We, however, the master and brethren of the said College, the aforesaid ordinances and statutes notwithstanding, of and with the common consent of us aU, do grant unto the aforesaid Sir John can, as is

Mayster, late

Master

service

rendered

bound

by the

specially oiir

of

to

ordinances

contained Ln the

brother,

the

by him

be

absolved

same the

and

College,

said

statutes

our

brother

of

foundation of the

by the present

like statutes of the said founder ordained

Mayster,

now

College,

aforesaid,

may

brother that

this

kind

said

chantry

letters,

in the

have

free I

2

and

the

of

henceforth or ;

any but

released

same College, for good he be not in any wise others that

fi-om

same chantry,

whatsoever

the all

same

Sir

more John

observance of the

so that the said Sir

Nevertheless,

the

same

John Sir

HISTORY OF THOMPSON.

GO

John agrees tlmt lii> will celebrate masses for the Holy Virgin Mary or requiem, with the sajnng of which the said Master and Brethrou are charged, according to the ordinance of the founder aforesaid, when the same Sir John shall bo disposed to do the same and not otherwise or in any other manner.

Moreover, we, the Master and Brethren of the College aforesaid, for us and our successors,

do

and by these present letters grant to the said John Mayster a servant to upon the same Sir John in doing his duties to the end of the life of the said John, with his board both in eatables and drinkables, so that Sir John himself may eit at will

wait Sir

the said College to eat and drink, and the same servant to wait John with other servants of the said College, for which board both in eatables and drinkables of the said Sir John and his servant to wait upon him, the said Sir John shall pay to the end of his life weekly to the same master and brethren xiirf. and if it happen to the said Sir John Mayster to be absent from the said College for any week, that thenceforth he is not bound to pay except for those weeks during which he table with the master of

upon

Sir

;

sliall

to

In witness thereof we have

have been in commons in the College aforesaid.

the present letters the

common

seal

of

Given

our chapter.

month of June, in King Henry the YI. after

at

Thompson

chapter house the 20th day of the

the year of our Lord

the 22nd year of the reign of

the Conquest.

NOTE

1435,

D.

LORDS OF THE MANOR OF THOMPSON NUPER COLLEGII. (Before 1606 Blomefield

is

the authority;

after 1606 the

1350.

John de Shardelowe. John and Sir Thomas, his sons. The Master and Fellows of the College.

15-13.

Sir

Before 1350.

Court Book.)

Sir

Sir

Edmund

Knevett.

John Maynard, Mercer, of London. 2nd Elizabeth. Alex. Rave, and others. Robert Futter, son of John Futter, 15G1. 1545.

1589.

Henry

of Thuxton.

Futter, half brother of Robert.

1C02.

Winifred Futter, his widow.

ICO-t.

Francis and Winifred Bedingfield.

1606.

Francis and Winifred Bedingfield (court book.)

John Dover, steward.

1620.

Francis Bedingfield.

1622.

Robert Futter (son of Henry and Winifred).

1652.

Humfrey Futter

(son of Robert, first court, 1652).

affixed

aforesaid in our

and

in

MANOR OF THOMPSON " NUPER 1679. 1679.

widow of Humfrey (first court, 1679.) John Ware, nephew of Ilumfrey (first court, 1681). Bridget Futter,

Robert Clarke, steward, J.

1700.

COLLEGII."

Pitcher, steward

Richard Cater

(first court,

16S.3.

from 1685 to 1699.

John Muston, steward.

1700).

Robert Cater, steward, 1709. 1718.

First

John Muston, steward, 1712. court of Rev. John Cater. John Rowell, steward, 1722. John Amyas, steward, 1731.

1747.

First court of

Mary Bond, widow

1759.

First court of

William Tooke, Esq.

;

sister of

Rev. John Cater.

Thos. Hicks, steward, 1763.

1809.

John Morphew, steward, 1772. John Steward, steward.

William Tooke Harwood.

Robert Browne, steward, 1819. 1824.

1841.

1870.

John Baseley Tooke. Robert Browne, steward. Rev. James Tooke Hales Tooke. Thomas, fifth Lord Walsingham. E, R. Grigson, steward. Thomas, sixth Lord Walsingham.

61

G2

<^Dmc |.f(0unt of

iljc

liliiuor of ^loutctorts or ^lotouvs |)all.

"Why

by that

thoii

sit'st

Dost thou

its

formor

Or ponder how

hall;

riiineil

priilo recall

From

HE

manor

and

Scott's Antlijuary.

Guy

Botours Hall belonged to the Boutetorts.

of

Ada

'i

passed away."

it

his

bought

had

wife,

1307

in

the

capital

de Boutetort

and

manor,

the

Thompson (Blomcfidd, ii. 3G6 and 372.) The manor of Buttort Hall was a part of the capital manor, and it continued in the Botetourt family when the rest of the capital manor passed to the Shardelowcs {Blomefield), for Sir Baldwyn Botours and his descendants, Botetourts

are

the

Esmonds, certainly

and

see pp. 63, 64, 65.)

called,

temp.

possessed

it.

barons in the

now

vested

reigns of

the

in

Botetourt, lord of

branch I

have

of

to

to

in

vain at

The following Thompson.

in

which

first

Edwards.

(Burke's

Hall,

Tomston,

had the

table

manors at Briti.sh

shows

Patrician,

i.

Guy

Sir

40).

Cranworth,

Cantley,

Museum and only

the

elsewhere for a

probable

pedigree

so

vol.

and i.

p.

de

Norfolk

Kimberley,

[For a better account of Sir John de Botetourt

be referred to C'okayne's Complete Peeracje,

1449,

were summoned to Parliament The barony of Botetourt is

1307, seems to have been the head of the

Parliament as Baron Botetourt, 13th June, 1305)

may

Botours

of

I'oU

their descendants

three

Beaufort

of

Thompson

family,

seai'ched

Botetourt. relates

the

Duke

the

of

lords

I.,

(Manor

The Botetourts were Normans, and as

Edw.

&c.

pedigree of far

as

it

(summoned

his descendants, the reader

3S5, London, 8vo. 1887.]

M4.N0R

PEDIGREE

BOTETOURT

OF

63

BOIOURS HALL.

OF HOUTETORTS OR

OF

NORFOLK.

(Arranged from Blomefield and other authorities.) Isabel, d. and h. of Botetort, Or, a saltire

Botetort. engr. sa.

= Sir

Arms of Blomrjield,

Kimberley. Sir Anfrid dc Potetort, temp. Hen. Gournay lUcurd^ 186.

Const-antine de Wodehouse, temp. 1100. lllomcjicld, KimI., circ. berley, Wodehouse Ped.

Hen.

Wendover

held

II.,

in Bucks.

Sir Roger Botetourt held Uphall Manor in Canlley of Gournay, 1229. UlomefieUi, Cantley, and Gouinay Record, 186.

Guy

de Botetourt held Uphall Manor, 127o=f^
and 1305,

settled

estate was settled. 1312, on wife, remainder to his son The relationship of Sir Ralph. Blomef., x. 109. Guy to Sir John de Boteturte, the head of the Sir Ciuy seems to have had house, does not ajjpear. Journ. Soc. Ant. at least four sons as follows.

and Swathing, which himself and Ada his

2nd

.John

Sir

de

Strumpshaw

Hugh

Botetourt

and

Maud.

He

Norfolk

held: =(Tn 1302) Maud.sist. and eventually h. of

Mendlesham,

1302, in right of

Suff..

de

Odo de Danmartin, lord of Mendlesham

his wife

was Admiral of the



and Strumpshaw. Blomef., Strumpshaw, and Gout nay

1295. Blomef., 1305, Baron by Historic Peerage. writ. John Butetort and Maud his wife, Coast,

Strumpshaw.



A

ICecord, p. 290.

held W.idehouse Manor in Ovington, 1324 (Blomef., Ovington) and

Thomas, a

left

s.

and

h. {Id.)

Thomas

Botetourt. JIist.Peern/)e.=j=? Joan, d. and coh. In 8 Ed. III. a Thos. de Botetourt of JohndeSomerj', held Gt. Bradley, Suff., in right of Bar. of Dudley. Joan his wife. Page's SiiJ'., p. 858. Page's AH^.,p.S58.



I

John de Botetourt, lord of Mcndlesham, grandson and h. of Sir John de Botetourt, and s. and h. of Thos. Botecourt. 1342, Baion by writ Hiiioric Peerage, and Page's Suff.,

=

=

Catherine, 2nd d. of Sir Robt. de

Weyland, Knt.



Page's

Suff.,

p.

469.

p. 469.

Joan, d. and h. of John Buttetortc=:Before 1461, John Mendlesham. Blomefield, Old Knevett of Old Buckenham, fo. ed., p. 257. Buckenham.

Ser., iv. 204.

of

1

1

Master Roger, probably an

M.A.

of

Camb.

Journ.

Soc.

Robert. Jour. Soc. Antiq.

17 Ed. II. (1324). m. 25, dorse, '-Roger, sou of Guy Boutetourte, gives his messuage in Cambridge to the Parson of E. Dereham."

Ant.

Close roU,

"Sir"Tho8.de Butterector of Titshall, 1367.— Blomef, Titshall.

turt,

Sir Ralph, probably the Journ. Soc. Ant., eldest son. Held also Blomef. x. 199. Botetourts Manor in KimberBlomef. fo. i. 761. ley.



as appears by his drs. grandson "reh'asing"' to John Wodehouse. Blomef., Kimberley, and Close Roll, No. 299. Probably a son Sir-

— /6i
Manor

in

Uphall

settled

tailin

1

Cantley,

on them in 319.— i(/om/.

Cantley.

Sir Baldwyn Botours, Knt., of Cranworth.— C'/os« Roll, No. 229, Ao. Hen. VI., memb. 28, dorse. In 1445 Baldwin Butturt, held part of a fee in Stow Bedon. Sir Baldwin Botours was lord Blomef. of Butters Hall in Thompson, as appears grandson being lord in 1449.' his drs. by He had Boutetorts Manor in Kimberley,

of

William. Ant.

Soc.

Ralph.

=p («)

Thomas de

Boutetort.

— =f=Joan,

Sir

John de Boutetort,

sist.

and

h. of

John, Lord Somery. Blomef, Cantley.

Probably a son of Willm., as father his (Thomas') and son both held Cantley. .B/omf/., Cantley.

s.

and-p

Lord h. of Thomas and Joan. of Uphall, 1327.— .B/omc/., CantIn 1317 Sir John de Butewas lord and patron of Little Ellingham. Blomef, Little Ellingham.

ley.

tort, sen.,

(*)

manor roll of Bo'.oura Hall in T'hompson, 1449, John Esmondes, Esq., being lord of the manor, mention is made of Matilda, daughter of Baldwj-n Boutours, Knt., granting a messnage in Thompson to one Richard Talvour, the deed being dated at her manor of Cranworth, 9th Rich. II. (1386J. '

In

ft

HISTORY OF THOMrSON.

64

(") (»)

JIaud,

d.

and

held Boute-^ in Kiinberlcy.

Manor

torte

Swathing.

Hlome/., 2nd, Emondo or Es-

Jeffry

:1st,

h.,

Kimherly. mond. lilomef., Kimbcrley.

Hold Manor Manor of Cranworth in 1381!. Jtotloi Botuurs Hall, Xomeston, i?/(j»i«/.,Kiniberly.

John, a. and h. of Sir John de^ Botetourt, lord of Uphull, 1367. aiome/., Cantley.

CJallcd

John

'

Manor

Blomef., Kiniberley.

in

in

— Feel

Botetourts

Kimberlcy

in

57, Ik'ii.VI.

Wodehouse.

of

is

1449

Lei'ore

change of

slight

He was

Emond"

husband

second

to

h.

of

Sir

liave

been

manor roll of that year This manor had then become

Baldwyn Botours

Sir

which

sa.,

are

(see Boutetorte pedigree).

arms of

the

with a

Boutetort,

Cranworth, Esq., released

of

his

Manor

right in Botetourts

Kimberloy.

in

son and heir of Maud, daughter and heir of Bartholomew Botetourt

(Blomefield,

ed.

fol.

But

751).

i.

in

Cloie

Roll,

No. 299, Record

Office,

John Esmond, who

VI.,

and

why he

and were probably assumed by the Esmond who married

tincture,

"About 1442 John Emond son of Roger, who was

'

engr.

saltier

given

Botours, for, in a

to

Botours Halle in Tomston.

called

is

so.

and Butturt) seems

Butteturte,

Boteturte,

also

Erm., a

Lore,

redigrce of AVodehouse.

8.

the pi'operty of the Esmonds, heirs of

Esmond

^Blomef., Kimberley,

Pedgr.

Cant ley.

Sir John Oifton of Old liuckcnham, released his rights in liutctorts Manor in Kiniberley in 1442 {Blomef., Kimb.) to John Wodehouse. Sir John Clifton is called by Blomefield {fo. ed. i. 2.'5(i) heir of Sir lialdwyn licjtetourt of ('ran-

Wodehouse.

was

(called

the manor-house

Blomef.^

worth, but no reason

Thompson changed

in

— Utomef.,

No. Ao.

and=Sir Thos.

John Esmond' or Kmond. of

and

144S, of Botours Hall) in 1430.'

Boutetorte

Alice, sist.

h.

of

Fitien,

1442 to John Wodi'hoiise.— Blame/., Kimberloy. Lord of Botours Hall in Thonipeon in 1449 (Manor Moll,

d.

Margt. := Sir John de & coh. Sutton.—

,

Esmond released= Margt.

right

his

|

Jocosa,- = Sir Hugh Burnel. d. & coh., held Up- Blomef. ton. Cantley.

1449.

Roger.

I



{in Manor KoU of 1449 of Hotours Hall in Thompson) Esmondes.

released to John Wodehouse, is said to be son of Roger, s. and Baldwyn Botours, Knt., so that the name Bartholomew must bo a mistake

h.

for

hy her

A° 20 Hen.

of Matilda, dr.

Baldwyn, and

see next note. '

A"

8.

Feet of

Norwich, of

Fines,

plaintiffs,

Thomeston with

No.

Korf.

Between WiUiam

57,

I'helip,

of

Henry VI.

At Westminster,

Knt., John Wodehouse, Esq.,

Octave of

Richard

and John Edmond of Cianworth, Esq., and Margaret appurts., called

Purification

of

V.

B.

ilary,

Gegh, Esq., and Henry Stunner of wife,

his

deforciants,

of the

Botoures Manor, the deforciants for themselves and the heirs of

manor

Margaret

grant to the plaintiffs and to the heirs of Richard, and receive one hundred pounds for the concession. ^

"Sir Thos. de Wodehouse married

son of Roger

Knt.

Emond

Blomejield,

of

Cranworth, Esq.,

Wodehouse

to the pedigree (Blomefield,

Fed., fol. fol.

i.

754)

i.

Alice,

sister

and heir

who married Maud, 754.

There

is

d.

of

and

John Esmond h. of Sir

some mistake here,

was great grandfather

to the

too,

is,

(see

next

p.),

Thompson in 1495 (see next p.), and Botours Hall in Cranworth and in 1563 John Edmonds held the manor of Botetort in Cranworth (see next p.) It is mother and not his wife was Matilda, dr. and h. of Sir Baldwyn Botours, Knt. (see

had Botours Hall

in

20 Hen. VI., Record

Office).

[Blomefield's /Vrfi^rce o/ Wodehouae oi Kimberley

is

to

great

of

Cranworth,

of Cranworth,

Wodehouse, according

for Sir Thos.

John Wodehouse

There John Esmond in 1442 released Boutetorts Manor in Kimberley. sister and h. of John Esmond, for Robert was prohably his son and h.

Emond

or

Baldwyn Botourt

whom

Alice's brother

doubt of Alice being

and Richard Edmond in

1498 (see next

p.),

certain too that Roger's Close

Boll,

No. 299, A"

wholly untrustworthy.]

THE MANOR OF BOUTETORTS OR BOTOTJRS HALL.

The name Esmond and Edmond are probably the same,

Boutetort.

the heiress of

65

we have

for

John Edmond of Cran worth, and Margaret his wife, held Boutetorts Manor in Thompson. Blomefield. John Edmond of Cranworth, and Margaret his wife, of Botours Manor 1430. in Thomeston, granted it for themselves and Margaret's heirs to the heirs of Richard. Feet of Fines, No. 57, Henry VI., AP 8, Record Office. 1444. A manor roll of Botours Hall in Thomeston, date 1449, says, that John 1429.

Esmonds,

was

Esq.,

pedigree,

1444

in

lord

(probably

John,

son

of

Roger,

see

Boutetort

sup.)

John Edmundys died seized. Blomefield. John Edmundys died seized of the manor of Botours in Craneworth The manor of Tompston worth four marks per annum also the Manor of Tomston. Robert Edmundys, his son and heir, aged thirty-six years and more. clear. Chancery Inq. Post Mort, 9th and 10th Edw. IV., Record Office. Robert Drury, Esq., demands of Richard Esmond, gentilman, the manor 1495. of Botoreshall (in Tomston), with appurtenances, and other lands in neighbouring This is merely a "common recovery," the manor remaining with Esmond. parishes. De Banco Roll, A° 10th Henry VIL, Record Office. Richard Esmond, Esq., and Joan his wife, aliened the manor of Botoreshall 1498. De Banco Roll, Easter Term, A" 13tli Henry in Cranworth to John Sturges, Esq. 1468.

1470-71.

;

membrane

VII.,

21, dorse.

Richard Esmondys, called as a tenant of Botors Manor, Thomston, when

1503.

Thomas Spryng and others to recover the advowson of Tomston, then belonged to Spryng (communicated by J. H. Gi'eenstreet). Be Banco Roll, Mich. Term, A" 18th Henry VIII., membrane 364, dorse. John Edmonds of Cranworth, died seized of the manor of Botetort in 1563. Cranworth, and a manor in Thompson (this manor in Thompson could not be that Esmonde bore, of Botours Hall, as the Spring family held it from 1503 to 1571). Erm., a saltire engrailed sa. Blomefield, under Cranworth. Richard

Baron

suffered

The name Boutetort and

called

Butters

and here the recoi'ds

later

still

Hall,

courts

survives in the farm-house tenanted

a further and easy corruption from

have always,

being headed

"

till

Butters

the

I

have found no evidence that Still it

may have

manor had probably a

been

so,

this

is

;

With the exception

their

of a

modern.

manor-house was ever the residence of the

for in the fourteenth

residence for the

and Buttorts,

Copyholds Act of 1841, been held

Hall in Thompson."

Jacobean chimney, the whole of the present house

family.

by Mr. Edm. Land,

Botoui's

lord,

where

and

fifteenth centuries " every

befoi-e

the

existence

of

rents

he removed with his family to consume the produce of each estate" {Gournay Record, p.

279).

This necessitated extensive outbuildings, and in fact each manor-house had,

E

G6

HISTORY OF THOMPSON.

besides

farm-buildings,

its

its

brewery,

bakery,

butchery,

carpenter's

still-house,

The ordinary small-manor house of the fourteenth century, as it by Hudson Turner in his Domestic Architecture, such as was probably shop, &c.

consisted

Hall,

an oblong building generally moated, built

of

the hall

parlours were

raised above

were

generally

place

where the lord or

night the servants

(Knight's England, its

and had

the ground

These

it.

At the

them.

which

offices,

the

his seneschal held the courts: here the household dined,

and

on the

slept

was

chief featux'e,

underneath

cellars

were the kitchen and

it,

nabble,

was

being

liall

receiving-room,

was strewed with rushes or straw its name from

which

floor,

only

the

After a time, the manor-house, deriving

407).

i.

The

wood.

of

built

Norfolk of

in

the household, and at the

living-room of

the hall, but not connected with

other end of

Boutetort's

the lords and lady's parlours, each with a bed in

upper end of

at

common

a hall which was the

containing

described

is

called " the Hall."

appear to have been rebuilt of

Most of the smaller manor-liouses

wood and

brick or of

plaster

the

in

in

Norfolk

sixteenth or

seventeenth century, and then contained a hall and kitchen department on the ground a few chambei-s above,

floor,

and

the roof a single room

in

and the

;

became

hall

living-room of the family, for the armed retainers were done away had taken the place of personal service, and the shopkeeping class had arisen and had rendered all servants except those of the household unnecessary.

the

private

with, rents

Afterwards,

when

manors

the

became mei'ged

large

in

were

houses

these

estates,

given over to farmers or labourers.

Hudson Turner says that more than two rooms."

As is

no

in

1723

—Wright's the

half

fourteenth

the

in

contained only the barest

labourers

They seldom,

of

farmers and

ever, consisted

if

of

Domestic Manners.

parish

Thompson

of

was

open

from the fourteenth to the seventeenth

doubt that

huts

the

centui-y "

necessaries.

and

heath centuries

there

fen,

the

proportion

land was still greater. Of the cultivated land only a small would be enclosed, the rest would be divided into fields b}^ strips of grass. It is worthy of notice that all the manor-houses, whose sites are known, were situated in the low lands, and not far from the stream which runs through the

of

uncultivated

part

parish.

I

find

no record

than the year 1676.

(marked

q^-^)

common

rights

in

waj's

substantial],

yeere,

Hee

halfe

and a

glazier,

comb was paid

workes

y'

time,

10c?.

;

for

a head

oats

by

diem

per

each with a ;

wages of

were

follows

as

Daye, from

y^

from

\2d.,

to

classes

William de Gre}%

carpenter

man

labouring

the

^d.

;

:

Esq.,

Thompson



our

owner

earlier

him, for

Is. 2s.

a day

4cil.

&d.

reaping

of

Hall

a farm and

" To eveiy workman, any Lady till Michaelmas halfe

Michaelmas to our

received

attend

and barley

of

appears from a note book at Merton

as

Thompson, wages

allowed

yeere, but

tlie

that

the handwriting of

in

is

of

At

;

;

Lady, the winter a mason, a tyler,

for threshing corn

corn

2s.

an acre

;

&d.

a

without

THE MANOR OF BOTETOURTS OR BOTOURS HALL.

67

meate or lodging, but a dinner at their concluding and making an end of

all, and brew for them " {lb. p. 54). Shepherds seem to have been paid as "John Wace, shepheard of my weather flock in Thompson, took charge follows: of it at Midsomer, 1676, and his wages, as my Bayliff, John Barricke, agreed with him, was to be the same y' William Sample, my shepheard of y^ same flock y' preceding yeere had, viz., Halfe a hundred sheepe going his pages and all 60 [this means that the shepherd had the privilege of having fifty sheep of his own going with those of his master a custom not yet obsolete in Norfolk and the page, Mr. de Grey's common right in Thompson was or shepherd's attendant, ten sheep. limited to 400 sheep (page 26) so that his own flock would be 340] fourty six comb of rye shillings a yeare in monye six comb of barlye a marking Iamb (which they usuallye pick out of y' best in y' flock and a belweathers uncertaine weight a stone of wooll is usuallye allowed fleece, which being of an

small Leere



I





;

;

;

;

itt."— (/b. p.

steade of

in

The records

of

69).

manor, now in

this

the

keeping of

Grigson,

R.

E.

Esq.,

the

at a much earlier date than those of the College. And whereas Manor from 1.561 till the present time, descended through three families only, all three being large landowners in Thompson the Butters Hall Manor has never continued long in any one family, and seems not to have been held by the same lord as the College Manor, with the exception of the Shardelowes {Blomefield, ii. 372, line 20), nor by any one connected with Thompson, till William Tooke,

begin

steward,

the College

;

Esq., purchased

both manors, and held his

Butters Hall in 1771 (Court

of

parchment or paper, and are in good condition.

VI.

(1449)

Edw. IV.

;

the second

dated

is

Other

(1468).

Books).

the

in

records

earliest

same year

The ;

first

on

are wTitten

rolls

dated 27th Henry

is

and fourth

the third

various dates from 1550

rolls are of

1759, and

the College in

courts, of

first

The

of

till

in

7th

From 1660

1641.

1868 the records are in books.

till

The insight

proceedings at the into

of

state

tlie

court

things,

of

and

1449

are

worth

This court-roll has been obligingly translated for

p.

.

At a general

Thompson.

of the

there

me

bj'

the Rev. C.

J.

the

Evans.

on the Wednesday next before the

St.

Asshill, of the

same

place, for

same

place, for

Henry Mower; John Barker, |

Robert Chaloner.

Art-i

J

were they who appeared at the court by proxy. AJ". in the right hand margin stands for Henry AshUl answered for Mower, and John Barker for Chaloner.] By an entry in the

ettoina

affidaverunt,

court-roll

of

Henry

Essoins'

[The

held

they give an

Peter ad Vincula, in the twenty-seventh year of the reign j j a of King Henry VI., after the conquest of England.

feast

„!

'

court

as

the names existing at that time in

into

parish. ,

recording,

of

i.e.,

Butters

Hall of

1674,

it

seems that no essoynes were allowed at a

quia prima curia."

K

2

first

court.

" Essonii nulii

68

HISTORY

.... William Canon

•p.

n^

Henry Mower, Robert Chaloner, John Reder, Thomas William Church, John Fuller, and John Aldwyn were sworn;

Hunt, John Tyrell,

,

who say upon

THOMPSON.

OF

?

oath, that William Perkyn,

their

Mary

the Purification of the blessed Virgin

feast of

about the feast

farmer of

the

Easter,

with

of

manor, pasturing

of lord

this

chased

dogs

certain

on divers occasions, about the

last

preceding, and

four

hundi-ed

upon the heath

and

in Lent,

sheep

the

of

Stow, where the

of

manor ought, and of ancient custom is wont, to have right of common that by this chasing, and the bites of the aforesaid dogs, sixty sheep out of the whole number present died, and the remaining sheep were in many ways deteriorated, to the grievous damage of them the lord and farmer .... And that the same William Perkyn, about the feast of Pentecost, and on T^. lord

of

this

;

Fine .

the

.

Monday next

.

preceding, so

much chased

the sheep of the same farmer there

with certain dogs, and beat them, that the same sheep, by that chasing and beating, p,. ,

g

,

were much deteriorated, to the grievous loss, &c And that the same William broke and entered the close of and cut down and carried away the underwood of the lord growing, to

pycam

'

close to his

And

p.

manor,



wit,

Faldgate

Stabes

and

(?),

with

made

it

lately

certain

falling

own messuage ....

that the same William, without licence, entered the said close of this

and thence

extracted

plants

of

the

lord

called

1

them

a

manor,

this

there,

own

in his

ditch near his

own

lawer,'

and

placed

messuage, to the grievous damage of the

....

lord

Then

follows

a

long

presentment

about

one William

Warner, who

had

been

Warner was probably the same as the William Warner of Thompson, Esq., wlio was buried in the church in 1467, and who was a benefactor to all the guilds, and who gave the college £20 to keep his obiit {Blomefield). He must have been a man of some consequence, as he was one of the executors of John Fitz Rauf, Esq., who was lord and patron of Scoulton, and was buried in that church in 1440 {Blomefield, under SCOULTON). W. Wai-ner was also one of the trustees of the Pakenham family of Garboldisham Warner Manor in Thompson was in 1435 united {Blomefield, under Gaeboldlsham). Warner bore. Per bend indented to the College Manor {Blomefield, and see p. 87). admitted

to

land

Pycam caducam.

'

held

—May

of

te a

this

sort of

manor.

This

the privilege of erecting a booth or small tent (Rev.

Mayor -

of Thetford claimed the toll, picage,

I have a note of

pent or lean-to.

the authorities of the Close at Salisbury during a fair

and

time,

W.

stallage of

William

and then

it

Pycagium being demanded by

seems to be a small payment for

H. Jones, Prebendary

BromehUl

Fair.

of

Blomefield,

i.

Salisbury).

460,

In 1331, the

fol. ed.

Lawer, probably layer, a name stiU (1879) in use in Norfolk for white thorn, the young plants of which

are laid

informs

into a

me

that

bank fifty

while

making, and

not

planted after

the

bank

is

made.

years ago he heard a very old labourer say, speaking of

of law, or lore, I never saw."

Mr. Barton white thorn,

of

"a

Threxton better

lot

69

THE MANOR OF BOUTETORTS OR BOTOrRS HALL. ar.

and

Hen.

(Blomefield,

sa.

VI.,

Dr.

1467

Dec.

of the

337,

(Norwich), Cobald,

Consistory 11

i.

In a deed at Merton Hall, 24th

ed.)

fol.

William Warner de Tompston, anniger, was a witness. Jessopp has sent me this epitome of William Warner's

V.

B.

...

125.

" I,

M

Thomeston

church of

the guild S. Trinitj^

to

from

24th the

William Warner of Thomeston, Esq

be buried in the

to

will

Feb.,

....

to

.... guild

the

to the

of

S.

oruild

Martin

Agnes my wife .... Ex°". Peter Cooke, clerk .... William Grey, Esq., Jun'. (this would be probably William de Grey of Merton, who married Christian Manning, and who died 1474) .... Henry Spelman of Stow Bedon, called Deys in Thomeston (for gent., supervisor .... Agnes to have my place Day see p. 109) .... At the day of his burial every priest of this town to

....

have

residue to

every

4rf.,

&c

&c.,

Thomas

Deed

I

town

this

that

will

2cl.,

the

and every

Master

householder of this town

the

of

College

have

xxli.

of

4(Z.,

my

Taylor, &c.

at Merton,

22nd

Sep., 37th

Thomas Mannyng, Arm.,

to

Rokelond

of

'

Also

debts of

....

clerk

....

18

a.

1

"William Warner de Thomeston, Arm. his wife .... conveyance of land in

Hen. VI. Elizth.

....

inter

terram

Esmond family

aliened

rood

dicti

Domini Thome Mannyng

vocat Pykyslond."

It

is

probable that the

Thompson

to the Spring family

the Botours

Manor

A" 13th Hen. VII., it {Be Banco Boll, (Manor Bool; that

in

(see p.

Cranworth

to

64)

at

'

The

clerks

manor

of

Botours

Hall in

about the same time as they aliened

John Sturges, Esq. (De Banco

Boll, Easter term,

memb. 21, dorse) i.e., about 1498. In 1503 Thos. Spryng "recovered" In 1523 Thos. Spring was lord Mich, term, A" 18th Hen. VII.) date).

The de Greys of Merton have been tenants 1563 (CouH Roll, that date).

Bubdeacon, &c.

the

were probably persons in

of Botours Hall

clerical orders irnder the

rank of a

These would be more numerous at Thompson than in most

priest,

villages,

Manor

at least since

such as the deacon, acolyte,

on account of the College.

HISTORY OF TUOiirSOX.

70

LOEDS OF THE MANOR OF BOTOURS HALL. (The authority

Guy

Sir

1307.

the

is

de Boutetort.

Manor Book except where otherwise Thompson.

Blomefield,

Sir Ralph de Boutetort probably, for he held Boutetorts B/omefiekl,

Sir

Bakhvyn

Manor

in Kimberley.—

751.

i.

John Esmondes, was

Botours, for his daughter's descendant,

lUi.—Court-ro//,

lord

1-149.

conveyed

Richard

1429.

stated.

to

him

by William

Phelip,

Knt.,

John

Esmond

Biomejield. of Cranworth, Esq., and Margaret his wife. Maud, daughter of Sir Baldwyn Botours of Cranworth, whose second husband was John Esmond, for her descendant was lord. Court-roll, 1449.

Roger Esmond

?

Maud Botours

Esmondes, Esq.

Jolin

1444.

son

eldest

Manor-roll,

?

1449.

John Edinundys. Blomefield, THorpsox. Magister Johes Mannynge, gen', sen. This John Mannynge, gentleman, who was in 1468 seneschal or steward of Botours Hall Manor, was probably John Manning, jun., younger son of John Manning, Esq., of Bury Hall, Great Ellingham. Christian Manning, the d. and

1468.

John Manning,

this

of

coh.

married

jun.,

William

de Gre\', Esq., of Merton.

she succeeded to Bury Hall upon her father's death. No had been the property of her uncle, Thomas Manning, and of her grandfather, John Manning, sen., but it is doubtful if it was ever her father's The De Grey family still holds it, but it is not at all certain or her own. Blomefield says that

doubt

it

they obtained

that

through the Manning marriage.

it

I

am

indebted for the

above information to the Rev. C. R. Manning. This John Manning, jun., was also constituted, in 1431, seneschal to William, Bishop

of

(Blomefield,

Norwich, viii.

of

all

his

and

lands

leets

in

Norfolk

and

Suffolk.

532).

The following

shows the above descent more

table

clearlj'

:

Esq., sen., of Bury Hall in Ellingham, =T=Christian ? d. of Richard Grace hy his wife Christian, son Thomas, and £10 a year out of it to d. and coh. of Roger Cherville, of BeechamweU. Blomef. Died 1430, having made his -niil the same \Ti. 290. his son John. year at Bury Hall.

John Manning,

left it to his

Thomas Manning, of Bury Hall,=pEliz,iheth, d. and coh. third husband of Elizabeth Mor- of Sir Thos. Jenney. 2ndly Elizabeth He timer.

John Manning, prohaWy' steward

I

m

Jenney. Christian

Manor

.

of Botours in 1468.

Hall

|

Miinnkig= Henry Spelman

(son of

John Spelman

Beckerton Manor, in Stow Bedon), the of in

Xarburgh

;

BeechamweU

in

H76 Lord

(^Blomefield.)

of

of

first

Chervillea

Christian

Manning ^William de Grey of

Merton.

THE MANOR OF BOTETOUETS OR BOTOURS HALL. 1503.

71

Thomas Spring.— De Banco Roll, Michs. Term, A.D. 18th Hen. VII., mem. SG-t, One Richd. Baron then suffered Thomas Spring and othei-s to doi-se. recover. Richard Esmondys called as a tenant. Spring holds the advowson of Thompson. (Communicated by J. H. Greenstreet). Thomas Spring. B/omefiekl.



1523.

1547. 1550.

John Spi-ing died, Lady Dorothy Spring Sir

Manor

lord.

Blomefiekl.

(first

court),

wife

of

the

Sir

late

John

Spring.

Roll.

William Spring, their son.

Blomefiekl.

The Springs were of Lavenham, Suffolk, and afterwards of Pakenham near Bury St. Edmund's. They bore, for arms, Ar. a chevron between three mascles gu. The following table shows the descent of those membei's of the family

who were

lords

Botours Hall

of

:—

PEDIGREE OF SPRING. Thomas Spring, a rich clothier of Lavenham. [His will, dated 29 March, 1486, is printed in Dr. Howard's VUitalion of Suffolk, 8vo. 1866, vol. i. p. 170.] Botours Hall Manor was conveyed to him, or perhaps to his son Thomas, between 1468 and 1503. Thomas

Spring, eldest son, a liberal benefactor to

and Town (Pages

Sir

John Spring

of

Lavenham,

Suffolk, 945.)

Lavenham Church

[Uis wOl proved 3 July, 1524,]

eldest son, settled at

^Dorothy, d. of Sir Wm. WaMegrave, Knt., of Smallbridge, in the parish of Bures, Suffolk (Page's

Hitcham, where he was buried

Edw. VI. (Page's Suff., p. 728.) Soon after the dissolution of Bury Abbey, 37th Henry VIII. [Concise Dociiplioii of Bury St. Edmund's, p. 261), Sir John Spring held (probably by purchase) the parish manor and advowson of Pakenham, near Bury 1st

(sic)

Edmund's. Here the family continued tiU Sir William Spring, Bart., died in 1736, being the last heir male (Page's Stiff., p. 729). Sir John Spring died lord of Little Buckenham, near JIundford, in 2nd (sic) Edw. VI. (Blomefield.)

St.

Suf., p.

728).

'

f

Anne Kytson, d. of Sir William Spring, Knt., of Pakenham, only s. and h., a minor at the death of=l. In 2nd Edw. VI. the King granted to Edm. Wright of Bradfield, Margaret, Countess of Bath. his father. Sir 2. Susan, d. of Sir AmEsq., the custody and marriage of William Spring, aged U\ years, s. and h. of John Spring, Knt., and Dame Dorothy his wife. JIargaret, Countess of Bath, in the brose Jermyn, of Rushbrook, following year gave Edw. Wright 400 marks (£266) for the marriage of his ward Knt. (Page's Suff., 729), and with her daughter, Anne Kitson. Concise JJescriplton, p. 262. Sir William was widow of Lionell Talmache High Sheriff of Suffolk in 1578, and received Queen Elizabeth on her visit to of Helmingham. J'is. of He died Feb. 10th, 1600. lb. Pakenham Hall, the residence of Suff., under Spring. that county. Sir William seems, during the Springs, was pulled down within living memory. his lifetime, to have conveyed Botours Hall to Ambrose Jermyn, his wife's kinsman.



1571.

Ambrose Jermyn. This

A^III.,

may

Edw.

be

VI.,

Blomefield.

Ambrose Jermyn, Esq., gentleman pensioner to King Henry Queen Mary, and Queen Elizabeth, who died in 1575, and was

He married Elizabeth, d. and co-h. of John Paston, Esq. Page's Siifo/k, 2-i3. 1576. Sir Ambrose Jermyn, Knt. (1st court 4th Aug.) The family of Jermyn, from which the present Marquis of Bristol is, through a female, descended, were owners of Rushbrook in Suffolk from the beginning buried in Huntingfield church, Suffolk.



of

of

the

thirteenth,

till

the end of the seventeenth century (Page's Suffolk,

739).

72

niSTORY OF TIIOMl'SON, Sir Amlirose Je-rnij-n

of

RnshLrook, lord of Botours Hall in 157G, was heir to

Edmund, and was son of Sir Thomas Jermyn, Knt., of llushbrooke. Ambrose died 1577. He was lord of Bigots Manor in West Tofts, of Great Hockham, and of Tydds Manor in Feltwell. Blomefiekl. Lionel Talnmsh {Blomefiekl), descended from a family (of English extraction) brother

his

Sir

which

continued in an uninterrupted

male

succession

for

centuries

thirteen

in

Bentley, Suffolk, and afterwards in Helmingham, was probably the son of Lionel

Tollemache

by Susan

his

Susan married secondly Sir 1586.

Thomas

1590.

Margaret Bright

IGOO. IG-iO.

Thomas Bright Thomas Page.

1641.

Edmund

Bright, sen.

Page,

his

wife,

Wm.

daughter Spring.

of

Sir

Ambrose

Tollemache bears

Jermyn. Ai-.

The

said

a fret sable.

Bhmefiekl.

widow (Manor

14th Aug.

Roll), first court,

their son, generosus, first court.

first court, called of

May, 1G38, wherein,

too,

Shropham,

Thos.

gent.,

Page, gent.,

in a deed at Merton, is

called

the

11th

son and heir

Edmond. Richard Humphrey, steward. William le Hunt. He was also a tenant of the manor of Waterhouse in Thompson in 16GG. James Alington, steward. The le Hunts were a family of note at Ashen in Essex, and Little Bradley, Suffolk. They bore Vert, a saltire or (Page's Suffolk, 8G9), and this coat is now on the tombstone of Mary, wife of George le Hunt of New Buckenham, Gent., who was buried in Shropham Church. John Gage, Esq., of Camberwell. John Borrett, steward. app. of the said

1G51.

1660.

1672.

Tiiomas Page.

1691.

Thos. Grundy, Gent., of Westminster, first court. John Grundy (brother and heir of Thomas), first court. John Grundy's will dated 28th June, 1716.

1717.

William Underwood, Arm., of Greys Inn.

1674.

John Muston, steward, 1699.

John Rowell, steward, 172G

;

estate of

Butters Hall comprised a garden, orchard, 160 acres of land, and

common

of

rights.

— 1751.

James

1734; Edward Harvey, steward, 1731. In an a deed marked q^-^ now at Merton Hall, it appears that the

Martin, steward,

College

abstract

William LTnderwood married Margaret, widow of John Grundy. Court Book, 27th July, 1718.

Martha, wife of Michael Beale, and Abigail Moore, widow,

fii'st

court.

These

were the daughters of W^m. Underwood, as appears by the above-named abstract, ^^p

Martha Beale, widow, tii'st court. William Moore, Martha Beale, and others. After 1764. John Griffiths and the Rev. Anthony J. Sanderson, the husbands of two of the daughters of Abigail Moore and granddaughters of William Underwood, as aj^pears by the above-named abstract ^^ 1756.

1757.

THE MANOR OF BOTETOURTS OR BOTOURS HALL. 17G9.

Sir

William

do

£2,125,

Grey,

manor and

the

but before entering into possession ceded

(who ten years before

Esq.

bought

Attorney-Genei-al,

had

purchased

73

the

it

to

estate

for

William Tooke,

College

property),

in

exchange for land of Mr. Tooke's, which he had recently purchased at Tottington.

1771.

William Tooke,

1812. 1832.

John Morphew, steward, 1772. William Tooke Harwood. John Steward, steward. John Baseley Tooke, first court. John Cole, steward.

1851.

Thos.

court.

first

Hicks, steward

For an account of

this

family see

p.

53.

Thos.

;

Rev. James Tooke Hales Tooke. de

Grey,

fifth

Baron

Walsingham

;

first

court,

1858.

E.

R.

Grigson,

steward. 1870.

Thos., sixth

Baron Walsingham.

CIjc 'Sjimxax of Cljompsoit antr gcbiures.

HERE

was a Manor with

this

belonged to the Walpole family.

title

so

late

at

least

as

the year

1778, which

74

^ht

Mlanor

Mliitcrbousc

of

Cbompsou.

in

HIS

manor

Cburrbbousc

nntr

The Rev. Aug. Barker Hemsworth, Thompson, has kindly lent nie the manor book. The first record, however, of the courts of the manor of Waterhouse that I have met with, is not in the manor book, but on the paper roll of the manor of Botours Hall, of 14G7 and 1468. It was then probably held by the same lord as Botoui's Hall, viz., John Esmond, Esq. I am told by an old inhabitant that the manor-house, which stood about 300 j^ards north of Botours Hall, and was much dilapidated, was pulled down about forty yeai-s ago, and the small

(1880) in existence.

is still

heir ^presumptive to the

Hemsworth

present small farm-house ei'ected on joined with is

record

Robert

is

Churchhouse. dated

Futter,

sen.,

43rd the

The Eliz. first

its

first

I

site.

court of

(IGOl), of

estate in

the

do not

manors of which there

the combined

second

that family

know when Waterhouse was

that

dated

is

settled

in

15th

James

I.,

and

Thompson, was then

The

manor continued in his descendants, the Futtei-s of Porys, except for five j-ears (during which it was held by Roger Colman), till it was sold under the bankruptcy of Robert Futter of Shelton, in 1746, to John Barker of Shropham Hall, Esq., and passed as part of the Shropham estate to his descendants. The De Greys of Merton are found as tenants of this manor in all the existing records, from 1601 till the present time, and the present Lord Walsiugham is the only i.e., tenant of the manor now remaininfj. lord.

LOEDS OF THE MANOR OF WATEEHOUSE AND CnUECHHOUSE IN THOMPSON. 1512.

Thomas

Blakeney, Gent., died

seized

(Blomefielcl,

from William de Blakeney, one of the 26th Edw. Spaeham. 1535.

Robert Gi-iggs

(?

III.,

before

that

city

ful.

bailiffs

had

a

of

ed

,

i.

630)

:

the City of

mayor.

descended

Norwich,

Blomefield,

under

Giggs) of Sparham, Gent., died seized {Blomefield, Thompson).

MANOR OF WATERHOUSE AND CHrRCHHOUSE.

He was

lord

Barkyns

of

manor

a

of

also

Gegges of

Rollesby,

Futter,

and

Thos.

sen.

him

from

From 1603

patron a

of

church,

that

relation

first

John Blakeney,

the authority

descended

Futters

the

no doubt

to 1618

Thompson

He had by whom

Gent.,

{Bloraefiekl,

the Court Book.

is

He

Ast3% steward.

died

in

1603

his eldest son held the

pedigree),

(see

Tliompson,

of

or

of

Por3^s.

manor.

He was

buried

in 1662.

Francis Futter, son and heir of the last-named Robert.

1666.

First court of

1716.

Thompson in 1701. 1682, John Borrett, steward. He was of Shelton, Gent., and was buried there in Robert Futter. He conveyed the manor to Roger Colman in 1725. 1722, was buried

Roger

Thompson

of

curate of Thompson. 1732.

Robert

and

Robei-t

Futter.

became

bankrupt

there

1731,

in

John

He was

Inn.

impro-

and was perpetual 51), (p. John Smith, stewai-d. Shelton, son and heir of the last-named

lived

Terrier, 1706.

He was He must

Gent.

Futtei-,

1727.

John Flannar, steward.

1724,

His court was held at the Chequers

Colman. priator

Francis

at

Muston, steward. 1725.

lord

Thomas

Sir

of

Robert Futter, gTandson of the above Robert.

First court of at

was

who married

From IGOl

under Sparham).

1618.

&c.,

He

had a son John, and afterwards married Thomas Clere

she

Robert

Filby,

1433 [Blomefiekl, under Sparham).

living

a daughter and heir,

IGOl.

in

Cromer.

in

75

of

the manor of Colman, but manor became, by purchase, the

have purchased

and

1746,

the

property of John Barker, Esq. 1747.

First court of

who

gent

To

Shropham.

Esq., of

Martin, appended

the

the record of this court

following note

transacted the business above, forgot to set

the

month, the minutes,

all

a

where

place

which

I

surrendered,

have

perfected

whereas

and in

to

:



"

down

have

The young the day of

the

the admission.

cannot

amount

lord

sign

Likewise a

court

upon the homage. lord and two tenants may hold a court anywhere, and the lonl

solely

stiles

may John

be

special

court,

two tenants

at

least

it

to

sworn

The

admit."

Barker, 1769,

it

there

unless

1792.

Thos.

the

he

1756.

John Barker,

steward,

the

Lieut. -Col.,

John

son

and

heir

of

the

above

John

Barker,

Esq.

Tajdoi-, steward.

Shropham Hall. He had married Sarah, eldest daughter of Gen. James Barker, Hethersett, and one of the co-heiresses of her uncle, Lieut.-Col. John Barker. He died without issue, and the manor descende
George

Reading

Leathes.

Court

held at

Loathes, Rector of Reedham.

L 2

HISTORY OF TUOMPSON.

A^TIENT NAMES OF PLACES IN THOMrSON, FROM THE COURT-ROLLS, Tenement Lawmans

14-i9.

now

Street called Hopthorp, perhaps the cluster of liouses

;

Thorpe

(Pauca

Pockthorpe

called

&c.

Thorpe)

little

?

Houlott's

;

Croft

;

Tenement

Melsens, lying at Coppynges. 1550.

Crowdicks Furlong; Lyutokks Croft.

1554.

Copthorne Furlong.

1563.

Nether Thurstye Gate Furlong.

1601.

Messuage called Bees.

1644.

Coppins Furlong

;

Sandware

called

Street,

also

Sandwade,

p.

97

;

Bouers

Close.

Sheep-house Furlong

1651.

meadow

;

called Blakenyes.

Tenement Brightmaus Windover Furlong tenement Mancers Pynnes Lane As to the meaning of this word Hungate, Foxborrow Mill- way Hungate Furlong. a very crux to etymologists, Mr. Walter Rye says, " I do not like the Hound-gate derivation, and have alwaj's thought that it more probablj' came from the personal 1660.

;

;

;

;

;

name

(a

common

one)

of

Hun, as found

in

Hunstanton, Hunworth, &c.

As to men went by

its

I only know that certain the meaning I can ofl'er no suggestion. Thej^ neither had surnames nor Christian names of, e.g., Hun, Lok, Thirkettle, &c.

names."

map

In a

1723.

and Lower Slight Closes

(still

so

this date there

of

are these names

so called), situated near the

(still

and situated

called),

at

the

Fen

back of

—Bays

Row

;

Middle, Upper,

Longman's Tongue, Craddock's

;

the

Chequers

Inn;

Hayhou.se

Close.

1747.

Manor books.

— Market

of the ancient hall of the

Way, Kirkhous Furlong.

This

is

probably the

site

of Churchhouse.

This tenement was, perhaps, the old manor-house Tenement Reedhams. in Thompson, which was given to the College in 1535 by John, .son

1759. of

Reedhams,

of

Simon Chapman

original

Manor

grant

of

{Bloviejield,

this

i.

627,

fol.)

manor and that

of

There

is

Warners,

in

the

called

Bodleian Library the

"Tenements

Warneres

As to and Redames," to the College in the 18th Hen. VI., 1435 (see p. 40). Tenement Warners there is still a piece of land not far from Thompson Carr, which For an account is called Warners, and here, probab]}^ the manor-house was situated. Though I have not found the name in any of the court-rolls, of Warner, see p. 68. a

plot

"the

of

fen

Alley,"

is

land

south-east of

worthy

of

mention.

the church It

is

still

Heme," situated east of by this name in the parish

called "the called

ANCIENT NAMES OF map, and times,

l.y

A.S.,

The name

the parishioners.

=

hirne

Forby

corner.

says

has,

the

77

I'LACES.

uo doubt, existed since Anglo-Saxon word is still applied to a nook of

land.

1624.

In a paper (marked

1653.

On

1638.

Thos. Atmeare's will

Merton Hall

at

^f,)

a parchment (marked

^p) at

— Cockpit

—the

Merton Hall

Harpe

Pightle.

— Gunnes

Lane.

Furlong, Tenements Bullwanis,

Whynny

Close,

Curtaines Fui-long. 6th Nov., 1638.

More Furlonge, Deale Furlonge, Filbyes Lane, Cheralls

et

Moonyes,

Hollmore, Blowsomes Close. 6th

Dec, 1683.

Quarentena called

Furlong, near the Plow-drove Meere

KAMES OF

;

Goare

Furlong, Quarentena

called

Calkpit

Well Furlong, Milgate Way, Roesthorpe.

THE COPYHOLD TEXAXTS OF THE MANORS IX THOMPSOX

SO^IE OF

NOT OTHERWISE

MEXTIONED

IN

THESE

PAGES.

Thomas Berney, Knt., was of Eeudham, which his family inherited Reedhams and Castons, together with manors in Caston, Griston, &c. He married Julian, daughter of Sir Thos. Gawdy of Redenhall. The copj-holds of his in Thomp.son were originally part of the manor of Reedhams in Thompson, which had become united to the College Manor, having been given by John Chapman in 1535. I do not find the name of Berney after 1621. The tenement Reedhams Sir

1606.

as heirs of the

is

mentioned so

late as 1759.

John Aldewyn, Thos. Grene, Mary Mower. 1468. John Hybbys, Robert Brightman, John Gerrard, John Farthing. There is a 1550. John ThejTie, a descendant probably of some noble Saxon. Henry Theyne in the lay subsidy of 1524. Edmund Lumpner, Armigei", no doubt 1649.

Edward Lumner of Mannington, Esq., who married Jane, daugliter of William of Rougham, and whose ancestors had been lords of Mannington for two hundred and fifty years (see Blomefield, under Mannington). Yelverton

George considerable

Brond, Generosus. land-owner.

Minns, Vicar of \vhich

is

Griston.

He

is

mentioned in the lay subsidy of

William Manser, William

He

is

not in

Blometield's

list

copied from Tanner's MS. in the Bishop's registry.

1563.

Robert Corbole.

1590.

Roger

1599.

James Cannon.

Costj-n.

1543 as a

Mortimer, John Wyggs, of

Vicars

Edmund

of

that

William parish,

Wright, Esq.

78

^be Cburtb anb Cburcbnavb.

'

'Tis to this

Where

church

and that place

I call thee,

our fathers when they'd run their race,

slept

"We too shall rest Thoir road in

and then our children keep

;

and then, forgotten, sleep;

life,

Meanwhile the building slowly falls away, And, like the bmlders, will in time decay."

HOMPSON

not

is

mentioned

in

one

Domesday

At any-rate there was is

the

of

foui'teenth

century.

south chapel, and

and

period

has but

it

Nave

little

exterior.

is

It

The

to

of

nave,

Martin.

Being

the

a

notwithstanding.'

present chancel,

almost

Hundred having

whicli

one,

south porch,

entirely

of

one

nave are of three lights of the plainest

The mullions simply

and mouldings

buttresses are unusually massive and base,

St.

tlie

as

112)

there

before

tower,

a

of

Wayland

architectural history.

The four windows

ai'ches

a church

consists

kind, yet solid and well proportioned. foliation.

Norf.,

been a Saxon church

certainly

dedicated

the

in

Domesday

(Munford's

may have

church, but there

parishes

four

the

of

of

doorwaj's

the

handsome

:

cross in the heads without

are

also

very

plain.

The

they have angular projections at the

Over the north door has been inserted a Perpendicular and are gable-headed. The east window of The south chapel is of later date than the church. chapel was probablj^ closed when the very late Perpendicular south window and

window. this

The nave was covered with lead in Blomefield's time. The present thatch dates from 1800, for I find this entry in an old parish account book " Jan. 28, 1800. At a vestry meeting held this day at the parish church, it

the present roof were added.

:

'

We

must not conclude that because we

find

an omission

in

in a survey designed for other purposes than that of recording the

none such ever

existed.''

— llunford's

Xorf. Domesday, 82.

any particular parish exact

number

of

a place of worship,

of ecclesiastical edifices, that

^s<^

FACSIMILE OF A SKETCH OF THE FONT

BY REV.

F.

H.

IN

THOMPSON CHURCH,

SUTTON. PREBENDARY OF LINCOLN.

THE CHURCH AND CHrRCHYARD. is

agreed

that

Mr.

churchwardens

and

request of the

Lord

lead of the said if

Green,

builder,

principal

the

of

inhabitants

Bishop of the

of

city

of

Norwicli,

the

said

pai-ish,

79 is

to

desired lay

by

before

the

and

Diocese to grant a petition for taking off the

church, to repair the roof of the same to a proper pitch for tiling, or

permission can be obtained for repairing the present old roof and thatching the same

with reed.

Jas.

Pearmain, Churchwarden."

The porch

unusually

This latter course was evidently followed.

1-i ft. by 10 ft. The pitch of its Over the entrance is a shallow flat segmentalarched niche in three compartments, divided by shafts surmounted by Decorated In each of the side walls is a cinque-foiled lancet window. tracery. In the centre of the pavement is a stone without inscription, which doubtless covers the body of John Barker, the last of that family (see extract from Register, 1774). The ancient door is surrounded by a moulding consisting of four-leaved flowers united by stalks. The old thumb, or ring plate, and key plate both remain, as does also the lock encased in its solid beam of wood.

Porch.

roof

was lowered, as

Chancel

chancel,

exterior.

large,

seems, in 1608.

it

Thumb

The nave,

is

or Ring-plate on south door,

ami porch

A

all

Thompson.

had gable

string-course

priest's door and making spandrils with

85 inches diameter.

crosses, of

runs round

the

which fragments only remain. chancel,

returning over the

The drip-moulds of all the windows and of the door are terminated by heads. There are two three-light windows, both on the north and south side, and an east window. These five windows have flowing tracery of beautiful design. Above the east window is a circular opening about 2 ft. in diameter. There is a low side window in the usual place. Tov:er. The doorway, and the windows above it, have some good Decorated The window is exactly like the west window at the mouldings and tracery. neighbouring church of Caston. The base of the tower is ornamented with flint chequers. The battlements are probably of later date. its

arch.

80

HISTORY OF TIIOJirSON. There

(the tenor)

\vei"e

was

tlirce

bells

from the Draper foundry at

Imt oue of them

Tiietford,

recast about 1860. 1.

John Draper

2.

J.

niaile

me

1G30.'

and Draper's mark.

D., 1608,

One bell of G cwt. in 6th Edw. VI. {L'Estrange, see also p. 8.5). Nave interior. The chancel arch and tower arch are plainly chamfered, but of fine proportion. The nave is surmounted by the oriifinal trussed rafter roof, which was a favourite style of roofing of the architects of the Decorated period. Thompson There are similar roofs at Wilton, Barton Bendish, and other places. sixty-five feet long by twenty-nine broad. i-oof is of five Against cants, about the south wall is a painting by Berchet (?), a Fi-ench artist, representing Joseph's coat brought to Jacob.

^y

'^o'^

Col.

Tooke

It

said

is

to

have been bought

Harwood, of the

College,

Paris about sixty years

in

who, upon

ari-ival

its

found that, like the family picture of the Vicar of Wakefield,

Thompson,

at

was too

it

large

for

any room in his house. He therefore placed it in the church. The font is of the same date as the church. It is octagonal, and each panel

worked

in different traceiy of low relief.

There

is

and considering how many

It has a crocketed cover

and pulpit with

a Jacobean desk

pedestal and

its

about 2 canopy,

is

high.

ft.

of

all

oak,

of these have been turned out of Norfolk churches and

destroyed, archaeologists will be inclined to say

"May

Taste respect thee, and

lover of uniformity and

Some

screen and

ugliness

has,

may Fashion spare!"

however, covered the oak of the pulpit

poppy-heads with a coat of yellow paint

the nave with carved panels, probably the manor

pew and

This all

fifty-eight

pew

the reading-desk have their original

poppy-heads in the

A

chux'ch.

!

There

of

Henry Futter

is

pew

a Jacobean

Jacobean hinges.

few of these are of the

in

of the College.

There are in

fifteenth century,

and the others were added in 1632, probably by Henry Futter or Robert Futter, jun. There are two portions of a Perpendicular screen which may have enclosed a chapel, perhaps that of one of the guilds, for there were three guilds'^ in Thompson (see

William Warnei''s

will, p.

69).

The introduction of change ringing in the seventeenth century led to the wholesale recasting of all make them into peals, for the original bells were intended to be rung separately, and usually had no harmonic relation among themselves. Guardian, No. 1888. ' The Care for guilds seem to have occupied much the same position as the modem village clubs. the fitting burial of dead members, help to the poor, the aged, and the infirm, assistance to those who were the advancement of unfortunate, having been reduced to poverty by misfortune, as by fire, flood, or robberj' '

hells

to

'

'

;

loans

under special

a religious house, of

circumstances,

the

portioning of

poor maidens either

the release of prisoners, the helping of pilgrims on foreign travels, and the entertainment

pilgrims on their journeys at home."

— Walford

on Guilds, quoted in Antiquary,

guilds were sometimes so poor that they could not afford to have a

houses.

— Cullum's

on their marriage or on entering

Maicttcd.

room

of their

i.

78.

The

little

parochial

own, but met at the members'

THE CHIJECH AND CHURCHYARD.

81

The south transept or chapel of St. James seems to have been Perhaps there was a smaller fourteenth century chapel

built long after

the church.

Chantry, died probably in that century, and the incised alabaster legend between stood in

(the

a habit

existing before,

Shardelowe, who, with his brother Sir John, founded the College or

Sir Thos.

for

lines,

lies

like

a

priest"

Blomefield saw these wonls:

Amen."

with border

slab,

before the place where the altar of

which remains), covers

piscina,

much

which now

body The

his

{Blomefield).

— "Oi'ate

"

{BLorae field).

border

legend

He

St.

now

is

salvetur qui fuit

Martin

seems to be illegible.

cujus animae

Thomas married Margaret, daughter

Roger de Grey of Cavendish and Morton. "Sir John de Shardelowe of Little Barton, Suff., nephew of Sir Thomas, by his will pi'oved 1391 ordered his body to be buried in the church of Thompson in Norfolk, near his parents and ancestors." Blomefield. The present chapel seems to have been built late in the fifteenth century. The window then was at the east end over the altar. The present arch between the church and chapel, as well as the south window and the roof, are all of very late date, propicietur Deus,

Sir

probably not long before the dissolution. Perpendicular

work

still

a portion of the old chapel screen of

and town.

The rood

Chancel interior. type.

is

Under the arch was buried, in 1308, Roger de Wylacham, Kut., who was a benefactor to the

i-emaiuing in situ.

according to Blomefield, Sir college

There

of Sir

The lower

part,

which

is

loft screen is of the

plain

Decorated period, but of an early

boarded, has on the upper part of

the remains of a beautiful stencilled diaper in white, black, and

Stencilled diaper on lower part of

The ground

is

u-hite,

Scale, J nearly.

east side

so thinly painted

Thompson Screen.

the large figures black, the small red.

M

i-ed,

its

—G.

C.

HISTORY OF THOMPSON.

82

wood is visible through the paint. under the modern paint on the west side.

This pattern

that the grain uf the faintly

visible

is

also

Near the south end

still

is

a

The upper part of the sex-foiled hole which may have been used as a confessional. screen is of open geometric foliated tracery supported on circular shafts, banded, and the whole was apparently decorated in colours. Instead of a centre arch, there is a triangular foliated and the rood loft stairs

The

stalls

in

is

now

The doors remain. The lower doorway of the jamb of the north window. the nave, of which eleven remain (see p. 29), and which

crocketed gable.

in

the

Blomefield belonged to the fellows of

according to

Some

the walls of the chancel.

of the screen, as at Caston,

of them, I

and

this

probably once lined

college,

think, were retunied against the east face

would account for the upper part only of the

The stalls are in sets of three and two. They have a rose on each elbow piece. The misereres have disappeared except four. Two of those bear the arms of Shardelowc, which were also the arms of the college (Az., a chev. gu. betw. three cross-crosslets fitchee az.), and on one is the head of a bishop, and on the other the head of a woman. The gi-aceful windows of the chancel have hood moulds terminated by heads.

boards of the screen being diapered.

The

piscina

and

sedilia of fine

The

supported on shafts.

Decorated work, have flattened cinque-foiled ogee arches

spandrils are filled with foliage.

fifteenth century arch-braced roof.

It

is

The chancel has a simple

of slightly lower pitch than the original

of

The top part was ceiled probabl}^ in 1648 by Robert Futter, On one Thompson, when the shields on the wall pieces were added.

the Decorated period.

then lord of of

these shields

is

carved R. F.

In 1612 complaint was made at a Visitation under an order from the Archdeacon

by the Vicar of Watton, and the Rector of Merton, that " the glasse windows Thompson chancell arc broken and decayed. The roof of the chancell is decayed that it rayneth into the same" {Archdn.'s Visitation of Breccles Deanery, 1612). In the ancient chest

and the same

is

in diameter.

I.

probably of the fifteenth century, and

It is

H.

of the Homilies dated 1683,

The Churchyard.

On

S., is

the south side,

part of

There

tine black-letter

opposite

the

is

may have teen

a relic box,

smh

as the

C.,

door,

is

some

rubble

the base of the churchyard cross.

The top

On

the north

a door of communication with the chancel, 4

it

been

H.

Prayer-book.

priests'

abutting on the chancel, are the foundations of a vestry

Or

J.

a black-letter copy

step and a portion of the shaft have been appropriated as tombstones.

'

may have

The sacred monogram

nias.s.'

stamped on the cover.

and part of a

work which may have formed side,

so

a cui'ious cylindrical box of black leather, 7^ inches high,

a case for the plate used in the celebration of the mediceval form of

of

ft.

from

[?],

from which there was

its east wall.

box of black leather containing some of the linen of ITiomas

a Beckett, which Erasmus saw in the sacristy at Canterbury.— Knight's England,

ii.

216.

ORNAMENTED LEATHER BOX FOR CHALICE, THOMPSON CHURCH.

[?]

83

Jnbcntorics ai Cburrb dSooiJs.

O

understand after

the

to

be used.

inventories

these

change

Reformation,

"

why

many

to

simpler

a

form

taken

we must remember, consequent

worship,

of

the utensils and

of

ornaments of

upon

that,

the

the churches ceased

Memorials of Cranmer, ii. 8, A° 15-18, says, churches were spoiled, embezzled, and made away,

Strype in

the utensils or ornaments

were

of

his

by other parishioners. Whether the cause were, that they would do that themselves which they imagined would be, ere long, done by others, viz., robbing the churches, .... certain it is, it became more or less partly by the churchwardens, and

pi-actised

all

the nation over, to

partly

sell

or take

away

chalices,

of

crosses

silver,

bells,

Chambers' Strictures on the Judgment in Westerton and other ornaments." To check this sacrilege commissions were issued by the Priv'y V. Liddell, p. 69). Council in the first, second, and third years of Edw. VI., to take inventories of the church goods {ih. p. 71), and probably it was under one of these commissions that the churchwardens of Thompson were called upon to state what they had sold, and liow (Quoted in

monej' received was expended.

the

CERTIFICATE OF CHURCH GOODS SOLD IN THOMPSON. P.R.O.,

vol.

500,

p.

94.



Thompson Willia Manser, and John Malkyn, churchwardens, do present that by the consent of thinhabitants ther we have solde these pcelles folowinge. One chales and a senser weienge togither xxx one. at iiijs., vjii. ij belles of y" weight of xiiij' for 6li. xis. iiijt?. ij coopes of damaske white and blewe, xiijs. iiijt7. ij tunycles, ij vestments, and an old coope sold ij tunycles and a vestment, xjs. ;

'

;

;

1

as

it

Coope is

for cope

seems to show that the Norfolk pronunciation was much the same in the sixteenth century

in the nineteenth.

M

2

HISTORY OF THOMPSON.

84 all

viijd

togither for xjs.

bought as moche leed as cost xiijs.

iiijrf.

y* poore

;

for whitinge thereof, xls.

people,

for

;

;

for the taske [tax]

;

The resideue remayen

6/('.

wherof we have bestowed and tymber and naile for y« said church,

iuyl.

vijs.

xiij/i.

iiij//. xiijs. iiijcZ.

in

p""

this

yer for the relive of

our handes toward* y"

of the

reliff

poore people.

balanced their accounts, they would have seen that this

the churchwardens

If

was only one

residue

"It seems that

shilling.

5th Edw. VI. the same system of embezzlement

4th and

the

in

beo-an again, so that in the 6th year fresh commissions were issued.

were given to leave one or two the Communyon-table, and to sell of

this

the rest, and remit the

all

Now

instructions

and some honest and comly coveryngs for

money

to the Treasurer

Chambers, pp. 73 and 115.

the Household."

Under

chalices,

commission of the Gth Edw.

to have been as follows

VI.,

we

find

what was done

at

Thompson

:

INVENTORY OF CHURCH GOODS, From Record

EDW.

6th

VI.

OflBce.

Exchequer, Queen's Remembrancer, Church Goods, Norfolk,

Hundred' de Weylond.

*,

(1552).'

Thompston. This Inventorie indentid, made the ix daye of September in the sixt yere of the rainge of our most dread Souerainge lord France, and

Inwlond,

Church

of Inglond

>

Edward VI. began

2

Sir

the Sixt,

of

Norfolk.

of

ffermour,''

John'

He

succeeded his father

In 1527, being then heir apparent to his father, Sir

built.

Catharine, daughter of Sir

Thomas Knevett,

25th Hen. VIII., and

In 37th Hen. VIII. he had the manors granted

Waltham Abbey

in

Seaming.

He had

also grants of

to

Sir

John Robsart, Knt., was only

Houghton, and was brother of

Norfolk.

He

He

to

(?)

In 32nd Hen. VIII., he was High

was himself succeeded by his nephew,

him

of

Hempton Priory

Sir

manor

of

and

Siderstone, a parish contiguous to

Sir

John was twice

"Wymondham, and was father of the ill-fated Amy and several others. The Siderstone property alone was more

Hall, near

Siderstone

in Norton,

BlomfJUld, imder E. Baksham.

Terry Robsart of

Lucy, wife of Edw. Walpole of Houghton, who died 1559.

resided at Stanfield

possessed the

son of

dec.

manors and possessions of the College of Holy Trinity

in Pontefract after its dissolution, jointly with Sir Richard Fulmerston.

Robsart.

God

to reign Jan. 28th, 1547.

moulded brick) which he himself

Thos. Fermor.

Sheriff

of

and in Erthe of the

and Irelond the supreme hedde, Betwyn Will'm

Henry Fermor, he married

'

by the grace

Willm. Fermour, Knt., was of Wolterton manor in East Barsham, a large and stately mansion (the

ornaments of

Sheriff

Edward

Defendour of the Faith,

King,

Irelond,

than 4000 acres —Jessopp's One Generation, pp. 21-29, and Blomejield, under Sidesston.

INVENTORIES OF CHURCH GOODS.

85

Robsart, and Xpofer Heydon,' Knights, Osl>ert Mounford,^ and John Calibut,' Esquires,

Commisioners amonges other assigned by vertu of the Kinges Ma"*' Commission to them directed, for the survey of Church goodes in NorfT, on thone parte. And Wyll'm Halyday and Richar[d] Cowper, Churche Wardens there, and Peter Pory,* John Rolffe, John Thayn, John Mawkyn, parissheoners of the seid Towne, on thother parte, Witnesse[th] that

and

othe[r], the

there remaynith in

the custodie

In primis

ther

is

valewyd at Item ij Westments

------------

hangyn

weying

in the stepyll ther one bell,

'

Sir

is

Christopher

and widow

of

of

be

to

Heydon

Baconsthorpe,

of

and

occupied

Knt.,

Hawstead, Suffolk

;

(2)

.

iijs.

iiijc^.

iiijs.

iiij//.

Diuine

of

Heydon, Esq., who

descended from Willm.

(3)

;

settled

at

He married (1) Anne, daughter of Sir Wymonde Carew of Anthony, Cornwall,

Agnes, daughter of Robert Crane of Chilton, Suffolk, Esq.

The family became extinct 1689. Henry Heydon, Knt., who died 1503,

manors and nine advowsons.

W. E. G. L. Buhcer, Esq. The manor-house at Baconsthorpe, was a sumptuous pile. It was quadrangular with a gate-house

He

xxs.

thadministracion

in

Temperance, daughter of Sir

Thos. de Grey of Merton, Esq.

Sir Christopher died 1579, seized of thirty-three

'

vsed

xs.

iiijZi.

-

Sir Christopher succeeded his grandfather in 1551.

Baconsthorpe in 1447.

William Drury

of silk

assigned

:

vj'., -

valewyd at . . . Item one blewe cope of Bawdkyn,* price Item one chalysshe of syluer, all gylt, waying xx. ow[nces], at iiijd. the ownce

Whereof

Wardens

the said Church

of

daye and year aboueseid, these parcelles of goodes vnderwreten, viz

by

built

Sir

in front.

Gournay Records,

p.

411.

Osbert Mounford, Esq., was of FeltweU, and was head of the younger branch of Jlundeford of Hockwold.

married Margt., dr. of John,

For pedigree

Westminster.

and

s.

h. of

John Townsend

of

Rainham, Esq.

He

died in 1580, leaving nine

In 2nd Edw, VI. he had a grant of lands in Gayton on the dissolution of

sons and two daughters.

St.

Stephen's,

under Hockwold.

of llundeford see Jilomefield,

^ John Calibut, Esq. The Calibuts were a family of wealth and substance, whose ancestors had been for some generations large landowners in West Norfolk. Francis Calibut was a governor of Lincoln's Inn in IGth and 24th Hen. VII. He died 9th Hen. VIII. He owned about 3000 acres in Castleacre and the adjoining parishes, and a great deal else which is specified. His son John married Bridget, d. and h. of Sir John Boleyn,

and died 20th Feb., 1553. called

four daughters, •

John Calibut, son

by Dr. Jessopp John Calibut

who divided his who signs as

Peter Pory,

of 1563,

when

the

title

of

of the

above (and I suppose the commissioner of Sept., 1553),

Castle Acre.

inheritance.

— From

He

mentioned in the Lay Subsidy of

1543.

less

in

Northamptonshire,

1570,

is

leaving

Jessopp's One Generation, pp. 22, 31.

the representative of the parish,

gentleman was far

Upton

died at

is

widely applied than

Some account

called " generosus " in a Botours Hall Roll it

is

He

now.

of the family will be

Haliday, Richard Cowper, John Rolfe, John Thayne, and John Miiwkyn were

all

is

one of the two landowners

found at page

93.

William

amongst the most substantial

inhabitants in the same year. '

It

Baudekyn, Fr.

A

rich stuff, consisting of silk interwoven with gold thread

was originally manufactured

into

Europe

at the period of

at

Baldock, or Babylon

;

whence

the Crusades, for regal garments

for church vestments, altar hangings,

and canopies

;

its

name.

and enriched by embroidery.

(See Ducange).

It

was introduced

and, some time after, for those of the nobility,

of state, hence termed baldachins.

Fairholt't Dictionary.

HISTORY OF THOMPSON.

86 S[eruice]

there,

tlie

seid

missioners and other the

and the

bell

chalysse.

persons to these

In witnes whereof, the seid Com-

Inventories, alternatly

h

daye and

yero aboucscid.

per me, Peter Pory iiijii.

be observed

will

It

that

A Bower

viij[fZ].

Thompson

at

The numbers,

vestments, and four tunicles.

had not the college of

altogether

vjs.

I

there

were four

copes,

five

suppose, would not have been so great

priests existed.

short explanation

these di'esses has been kindly given

of

me by

the Rev. M.

:

Cope

—a

part of

ecclesiastical

dress for a choir

and for processions, not for the

was a cloak of silk of divers colours, open in front, except where it was united by the morse or clasp, and was often embroidered with gold and jewels. It had no sleeves, nor had it apertures for the arms. It was worn over the surplice, and was made a substitute for the chasuble or vestment by the Canons of 1604. It was Surplice before the Reformation was not worn during the celebration.

celebration

of

the mass.

It



a choir dress. Vesttnent

—a

word

meaning

without sleeves, open at the

sides,

in

mediaeval times the

chasuble

;

an oval

garment

having an aperture through which to pass the head.

was worn over the albe (a tight sort of surplice) during the celebration. The stole and maniple were necessary parts of the vestment. Thus, during any service, except that of the mass, the officiating clergy would wear cassock, sui-plice, and cope. But during the celebration the priest would wear the cassock, albe, and vestment the deacon would wear cassock, albe, and dalmatic It

;

;

sub-deacon cassock, albe, and tunicle.

The dalmatic and tunicle were short coats without sleeves, the only differcnco between them being that the dalmatic (so called because originally worn by the Dalmatian priests) was more richly embroidered than the tunicle. The first Prayerbook of Edw. VI. directed that the priest and deacons who assisted at the celebration should wear albes with tunicles.

87

C^c

||atronci0c of

tlje

(H^ljiirdj

jiittr

its

d^fficiatiiTg

Clcr0i|.

Patrons.

1282.

Robert de Thomeston.

Blomefield.

Three daughters of Robert de Thomeston in common.

Guy

de Boutetort by purchase

Id.

130S.

Sir

1318.

Robert de Aula, of Thomeston.

1349.

Sir

1349. 1503.

The Master and Chaplains of Thompson College by gift from Shardelowe. Id. Thos. Spring (P. R. O. de Banco Roll, Mich, term, A" 18th Henry VII., memb.

1541.

Robert Audeley, the

Thomas de

la

[?].

Id.

Id.

Shardelowe and John his brother.

Id.

364, dorse).

advowson

last

master of the College, resigned the patronage of the

Hen. VIII.

1604.

Surrender Charter, supra. Edm. Knevett, Kni.— Blomefield. Robert Futtcr.— /d. Henry Futter. Francis and Winifred Bedingfield.

1622.

Robert Futter.

1543. 1561.

1589.

to

Sir

1652.

Humphrey

1679.

John Ware. Roger Colman was impropriator, and probably patron.

1706.

Futter.

1754.

Barber Colman.

1754.

Matthew Barker. John Barker, Esq., of Shropham. Four daughters of Genl. James Barker. Henry Hemsworth, Esq.

1792. 1853.

history of thompson.

88

Rectors.

From 1303.

Blomefield.

Brian dc Saham.

1308.

Master Ralph Buttetourt.

1318.

Rob. de Harbling.

13-t9.

Will, de la Cliambre.

1349.

John Spore

of Barton near MilJenhall.

1349, 10th March. 1350.

Willm. de

Perpetual 1610-20. 1622.

1633-63. 1663-82. 1706. 1738. 1745.

la

Chambre

of Ereswell.

The Master and Fellows of Thompson

College.

Curates.

Robert B.o\\se.—Iiegist€r. Nicholas

Halman.— 76.

John Hamond.— /6. John Bloome. Roger Colman, Impropriator and Perpetual Curate James Smith. Blomefield. John Edgerley. Register. He was collated in 1730, and became Rector of Dunham

to

(Terrier, 1706).

the Vicarage of

Pai-va in 1741.

Stanford

At the

latter

1809,

when

place he appears never to have resided. 1764.

William Clough.

1768.

Thomas

Scott.

—Dawson

Turner's Norfolk Benefices.

He

lb.

appears to have held Thompson

till

George Dean succeeded him. 1779-84.

John Twells.

Thompson 1795.

E.

[He was Rector of Caston and apparently served

Register.

as Curate.]

M. Vrice.— Register. serving

Thompson

[Vicar of

Griston

and

of

Runham, 1787-1811,

as Curate.]

Bamcs.— Register.

1796-1805.

Robert

1809-1816.

George

1816-1849.

James Brown Thompson

1850-1859.

Augustus Barker Hemsworth.

[Vicar

of

Stanford,

1787-1808.

Curate

of

Thompson.] Deane.

[He held the Carbrookes with

Register.

Thompson

his death in 1816].

1859.



1860.

William Smj-th Thorpe,

Bethune of Sussex.

of Norwich, also Vicar of

He

held

who

is

it

also

Shropham.

only a few weeks.

Incumbent of

Breccles.

till

89

X

when Mr. Roger Colman was Impropriator and Perpetual

the Terrier of 170G,

Curate, I find as follows I^lp^, All

number

Cow

for

2 pence

;

;

Closes, are paid to the Rector

{i.e.

tithes of

Impropriator, as he

Cow and

Lut only 8 pence for every Milch

p'^'^,

tenn

of

four pence

Thompson, except the

of

is

1725) or his tenant, in their proper kinds, and there are no

Terrier of

customs in the

:

tythes within this parish

and Bridge

Woodfielil called in the

propcvln.

antr ^lavish

Jicttorri

six pence for every

Bullock with the

a bullock, and 2 pence her for every

lamb under 10

calf (or as

under

it is

the 1725,

in

and 4 pence for every ffarrow every foal, one penny for every Henn,

first

for

;

first

Calfe

calf)

;

;

2 eggs.

The

tithes profitts of the

Signed,

rectory worth about £-iO per annum.

s""

Robert Futter, Edmd. Dexter, Rob. Kidwell. Rob. Atmear,



r^,

)

,

Ihos. Barker,

In Roger Colman's writing abridge myself of

then the minister

my

^,

,

Cnurchwardens.

the following note

Tyth milk.

to

is

is

I

}

:

Quere whether the 10th Calf

In the Terrier of 1725

is

the following:

seven,

:

4 pence

is

paid

"

takes the

7

when 10

calves,

calf,

thear be tenn calves,

for every

of milk in kind, and

when

paid

is

in kin
the

tithes

within

the

.said

are some particular customs within

cow, and 4 pence for her calf under

and 4 pence for a bullock, and 2 pence her

fallow cow in lieu

If

Quere for what the groat

— "Imprimis

parish are paj^able to the Impropriator, but there viz.

I subscribe so to this as not to

Roger Colman, Curate."

the milk."

the said ]iarish,

"

have the calve only.

In Roger Colman's writing are these Queries for the farrow cow.

:

there

first is

calf,

and 4 pence for every

seven calves, the Impi'opriator

and returns 4 pence for every cow under 10 to the occupier and the Impropriator takes the lOtli calf, and the farmer pays the ;

Impropriator, in lieu of milk, 4 pence per cow. "

under

Item, the 7

from

Impropriator has in lieu of lambs for tythe, 2 pence for every lamb the

occupier,

and

when

the

occupier

has

seven,

he

pays

to

the

HISTORY OF THOMPSON.

90

Impropriator a lamb in kind, and the Impropriator allows to the Occupier 2 pence for every lamb under

"Item

is

The

10.

like

custom and usedge in the tythe of piggs as in lambs.

paid from the owner to the Impropriator a penny for tithe of every

ifole."

Before 1865, twenty acres in East Harling were given by Queen Anne's Bounty, to

£400

the Perpetual Curacy, and

in the funds.

Parish Terrier of

170G.

Fishers, rent £3.

One

—Two

parcels of land

arable,

one acre called Bell-rope Acre, and

per annum, dedicated to the renewal of the

One

arable

eight

acres,

(1879) let at £4. 15s.

One

settled

in

in

Gaston,

rent £3,

still

called

now

(1879)

Whitebread

Blomefield

an acre of land in Rattlesden,

Little

Saxham

and was buried

1G28,

The Parish

Two

of

Thompson

Thos.

;

Hall, in

Suff.

Little

Dey

of

Suff.,

For Mr. Daye's dove

Close,

that

states

in

to

the town's use.

(probably the Sir John

Saxham Church

(Gage's

rents of

salary."

which Butters

la. Qr. 20p.

Hall, 1819)

said to have been

Thingoe,

p.

135).

common

pasture of

Thompson

;

the rents of

to the relief of the poor.

Tliu other 20s. to be distributed.



on the north side

is

3c.

24yj.

copyhold of Butters Hall Manor

In the Terrier of 18G5, 6a.

awarded by the Inclosure

Act.

3r.

It

24^j. is

at a

rent of

added "all

tlie

lands meaning I suppose, all the lands belonging to the parish by the cimrcliwardens, and appropriateil to the reparation of the churcli, the use of the poor of the said pish, and to the payment of the clerk's the said

are received

and for

Sir

above-mentioned)

In 1817 the Inclosure Commissioners awarded to the churchwanlens G«.

is

Sir

1599,

and for Mr. ffutter's, 12 pence. Thompson, by his will proved 8th Sept., 1G38, leaves 40.s. of it to remain as a stock, to be lent out by the

£3 to the poor of Thompson. Churchwardens at Is. M. the pound.

£10. los. Od.

now

and

coate, 12 pence,

Thos. Atmeare, Yeoman, of

land, of

126-.

(1879) holds this acre of land.

small cottages situate next the

{Court Book,

for

let

on Robt. Futter of Islington

Scoulton,

which lands are applied by the Churchwardens and Overseers

town

called

0(7.

Robert Futter of Thompson, Gent.

John Crofts

in

bell -ropes.

acre in Rattlesden (Suff.), rent 13s. 4d.

John Crofts

died

and pasture, four acres

9d.

7s.

piece of

Peopeety.

91

CI^c

llcgistcrs.

"

Here to be born and die, Of Rich and Poor makes all the history."

HE

Thompson

Registers begin in the

first

Pope.

year in which registers were kept,

made necessary by the But the entries are, as usual, for many years, only a transcript. In 1597 parchment books were ordered by the Synod of the Province of Canterbury to be supplied, and transcripts of existing books were to be made in the parchment books. The correctness of tlie entries was to be certified by the clergyman and churchwardens at the foot of each page. The oldest book begins with this title. " The Register booke of Thompson wiierin is conteyned all christenings, mariages, and burialls, from the yeare of our Lord God viz.

1538, the year

dissolution

of

of

Secretary Cromwell's order,

the monasteries.

1538, and from the thirtie yeare of

the raygne of Heniy the eight, by the grace of and England King, Lord of Ireland, and of the churche of Englaml next under God supreme head and governour."

God

of

firance

The most prominent names in the sixteenth century are Porye (see 1570), Rolfe (whose name appears in a court-roll of Botours Hall in 14G8, and in a lay subsidy of 1381), Jellian or Julian (whose name appears in a lay subsidy of 1327 as Gilyon, and

in the

court-roll

of

Botours Hall in 14'67 as Julyon), Manser, Mortimer, Gerarde,

Mounteney, Houchin, Dugdale, Beckerton, Halliday, BuUimer, Barker, Spurgin, Atmeare, Costens, Futter, Esmond.

The most prominent 1545.

entries of the century are as follows Ursula Wodehouse, the daughter of Roger Woodhouse, Knt., was baptized. :

N

2

92

HISTORY OF TirOMPSON.

This Ui'sula was daughter of Sir Roger Woodliouse of Kimberley, /Elizabeth,

and

d.

of

euh.

Roljert

!^ir

Ratcliffe,

Sir

Knt.,

only

Roger's

wife.

Dr. Jessopp.

by

Elizabetii,

of

d.

John

Dniry,

Roger's

Sir

second

wife.

Biomefidd,

Fed.

of

Woodhouse. Ursula married the eldest son of Sir Thos. Cotton of brother

Sir

of

Roger,

John

Woodhouse, was

living

at

Kent (Blomefield).

Breckles,

the

The

next village

south-east of Thompson, at this time, with his wife Anne, daughter of William Spelinan of

Stow-Bedon,

Esq.

Their

became a harbour for persecuted Catholics 1550.

"Edmund Grene and

an instance of the

title gent,

Woodhouse,

Francis

son,

built

Breckles

Hall,

which

(Dr. Jessopp, Norf. Arcliceol., viii. 300).

Alice Piggott, gent., were

married the 13th Jenery";

being given to a lady.

daughter of Mr. William Gre}^ was baptized. This Grey who had three children baptized at Thompson, viz., Edmund in 1.545, Gertrude in 1547, and Gabriell, was no doubt of the family of De Grey of Merton, the next village north of Thompson, for the title Mr. was in the sixteenth century only given to esquires and gentlemen. The family of De Grey had been at this time owners of Merton for more than two hundred years, having obtained that estate by marriage with the heii'ess of Baynard. This William Grey, Gent., is mentioned in the lay subsidy of 1543, q.v., as in goods the man of most substance in Thompson. I suspect he was the William Grey who was afterwards owner of Griston Hall, for that manor was bought (accoi'ding to Bloraefield) in 1541 by Edm. Grey of Sir Edmund Knevett (see p. 56), and it is probable that Edmund and William Grey were brothers [this is so stated in an old MS. Pedigree at Merton Hall, q^^] and were sons of Thos. de Grey of Merton, and of Elizth. Fitz-Lewes his wife. In the pedigree of Grey of Griston {Vlsitai'wn, Harvey, Clarenciewx, 15G7) William Grey, the first of Griston, married Jane, daughter of John Bennet (of Attleborough). 1551.

Gabriell

Grey, the

Mr. William

The following It is

table

continued to 1G15,

shows more clearly the supposed descent of Grey of Thompson. a de Grey was baptized at Thompson.

when

Slary, dr. of Thos. Boilingfiflil of Oxburgh ="William de Gre)- of Mcrton,=:=Grace, dr. of Thos. Teyc and Francis II ethe. Second wife, ob. 1496. ob. 1480, leaving issue five diildren, of whom three were daughters. I'irst wife.

widow

of

|

Tho3.de Grey Jlertcm,

(by field)

of =p Elizabeth, dr. of Sir Kichard Fitz Beding- Lewes, ob. 1515. ob. h.,

eldest

Mary and

son

Kdmund, see Inquisn. after death of his father, only two sons living then, Thos.and Edmund.

].3o(i.

Edmund Grey of Merton, s. and h.=p Elizth. d. ^ He bought lands of 8r. Spelman.

of Thos.

Edm. Knevett

in

Thompson, and

also

probablv was the Edmund who bought Gristou'Hall in 1541, ob. 1548. (")

of Sir

John

William Grey, second t= ~Jane, "

Thompson, afterwards owner of Griston, son, of

as supposed. (*)

d.

Bennett.

of

John

93

THE REGISTERS. {")

(*) '

I

ThoB. de Grey, of Merton,

=

iri""

:

Anne,

l.

Uenry Everard. Temperance,

2.

ob. 1562.

dr.

Ilis only son and h. died a

Wymonde

of

Robert^ Anne, dr.

dr. of

de Grey, of

Mer-

John Grey, eld. son, ~ of. Griston, the only

"' Sir

of'

Lovell.

child mentioned in the Pedigree of l.i67. He

she

was probably the John

Carewe.

Edmund,

Gertrude,

bp. 1545.

bp. 1547.

.

Thos.

ton, ob. 1600.

.Sir

~T"

1

I

.

died

Jlethwold, according to

(Jrey

1600.

Galiriel,bp. 1551.

of

who,

Blomefield, gave Gris-

Willm. de=FAnne, dr. of .Sir of James Grey, Knt Merton, ob. 1023. Calthoipe,

ton to William Grey,

Sir

his eldest son, in 1358, who sold it before 1572.

,

Knt., ob. 1662.

He had seventeen children. His fourth son was William, who was bapt. at Thompson who died 1616.

1555.

An example 1570. years,

in

1615,

and

John an Egyptian (gypsy) the sonne of George an Eg3'ptian, was baptized. perhaps of a man without a surname so late as the sixteenth century. "John Porye, Clarke and doctour in divinitie, being of the age of G7

was buried the Amen."

2.5th

of

whose

June,

body

and

soule

God grant a

joyfull

resurrection.

I

was

told liy that accurate antiquary, the late Rev.

William Grigson, that he had

no doubt about this Dr. Porye being the Dr. John Porye,

(now

Corpus

Masters'

Christi)

College,

Cambridge

History of the College, fully

;

and

confirm

who was Master

certainly,

Mr.

Grigson's

the

dates,

opinion.

as

Dr.

of

Benet

given

in

Pory of

Corpus was a native of Thrapstone, Northamptonshire, to which church he bequeathed £6. 13s. 4cZ. (Dean Lamb's Hist, of Corpus). Masters says of him " Dr. John Porye is

said to have been of the

County

of Norfolk."

He was

probably admitted to Benet

College (Dr. Perowne, the present Master, informs me) in 1527, ami became fellow

about seven years time,

after.

He became

probably through the

a Prebendary of Stoke College, Suffolk, about this

influence

of

Matthew Parker (afterwards Archbishop

of

in loS-t. He became Rector Norwich (in the gift of his college) He was elected Master of Benet 10th Dec, 1557, and became Rector of in 155G. Landbeaeh (in the gift of his college) soon after. (He proceeded to the degree of In 1559 he was prebendary of Ely, and in 15G1 D.D. in 1.5.")!J Br. Peroiune). At this time Dr. Porye resided sometimes at Ely, prebendary of Canterbu^J^ sometimes at Benet College, sometimes at Lambeth with Archbishop Parker, who was and often at his rectory at Landbeaeh, where he lived hospitabh'. a Norfolk man He resigned his stall at Ely in 1563, in which j'ear he became Rector of Lambeth.

Canterbury), of

Bunwell

who was made Master

in

1555, and Vicar of

of

St.

that College

Stephen's,

;

Blomefield says that in to

1503 he leased out the parsonage of Bunwell for six years

Willm. Tolp, in consideration of

his

repairing the house and paying the an-ears

HISTORY OF THOMPSON.

94 of

ami

tenths,

resigned

it

Dr. Porye

A

He

at

stall

Ami

it.

bad example

his

resig-ned

of Westminster.

confirmed

liisliop

tlie

the next year.

when nothing was

thus,

He was

a Justice of the Peace

for

Cambridgeshire, and was one of the four supporters of the

slie

visited

from

in ISG-i,

his continuance

those

persuaded in

and

1-")C9

History

of Coriius, ed.

[He appears

him

his death, for Dr. Aldrich succeeded

Dr.

must

Queen's canopy when

Masters supposes that Dr. Porye,

in 1.5CG.

page

1753,

Dr.

104).

religion in

was

Porye

to i-esign the mastership of Benet, but not without great reluctance,

long solicitation.

after

and Oxford

in his preferments, complied with all the changes of

(Masters'

tinie.s.

he got, he

Canterbury in 15G7 when he became prebendaiy

resigned LandVieach soon after.

Cambridge

to

to posterity, &c."

Porye bore

undoubtedly

for

be

arms



to have held

in

Sa., guttfee

considered

one

d'eau,

the

of

his

at

stall

Westminster

till

November, 1570.] a saltire

noted

or

(Masters).

characters

of

Dr. Porye

Thompson,

but

scarcely one of its Avorthies.

Thompson were copyhold tenants of Butters Hall and of the The name occurs in the registers from 1539 to 1572; sixteen entries. College Manors. In 1507 a Sir John Pory,' chaplain, was Rector of Morton (B/omefiekl). In the Lay Subsidy, 1524, William Pory is one of the most substantial inhabitants of Thompson. In Botours Hall Manor Roll, 1563, is mentioned Petrus Porye, Generosus. In 1590, Will's Pory, Generosus. In the Lay Subsidy, 1543, Peter Porye is one of Agnes Porye, widow, is also mentioned. the two landowners mentioned. In 1552 The Poryes

of

Peter Porye signs the inventory of church goods as representing the parish. Porye's land was conveyed to

Thomas

Roll, that date). is

called

Thomas Futter

Putter's son

and

heir,

"of Porye's, gentleman" in a rental of

year 16C0.

There

is

a

field

of

Thompson

in

Robert Futter, copyholds of

which in a map of 1723

is

of

Thompson,

Butters Hall of

called " Poras Close."

the descent in the road leading from Merton to

the bottom of

1590 (Butters Hall

senr.,

the

It is at

Wretham, and

close

to the Jacobean cottage (see page 54).

1598,

11th

the

Dec, was found an old

man dead upon

the

heath,

and was

buried 12th Dec.

In the seventeenth century the

prominent names are

those

of

Futter,

Barker,

Atmeare, Thornebacke, Halliday, Cosden, Rolfe, Dugdale, Spurgin, Bedingfield, Jellyan, Ringbell, Houchen, Whalebelly,

are as follows

Jewell, Tooke, Quantrill.

The most prominent

entries

:

ICIO to 1020, Robert Rowse was minister. 1013, Elizth. Reppes, the daughter of

Henry Reppes, Esquier, buried. She was, no West Walton, and was probably daughter

doubt, of the old Norfolk family of Reppes of

'

In a deed at Merton Hall, 24th Jan., 9th Hen. VIII., John Poory de Marton,

Clericus, is mentioned.

THE REGISTERS, of

Henry Reppes,

Launditch,

iii.

Esq.,

who married Anne

95

who

Cotterell, ao'l

died 1G29 (see Cartheiv's

321).

"William de Oroy, the Sonne of Sir William de Grey,

1015.

Anne, his wife, was

bapt"" the

7th day of Angt."

the following year.

Sir William

He seems

to

and the Lady

K"'.,

have died at Merton

de Grey, hy his wife Anne, daughter of Sir James

Calthorpe of Coekthorpe, was the father of seventeen children, of whom ten lived to marry (monument in Merton chancel and Merton Registers), but none of the younger sons seem to have formed collateral branches. Sir William, in 1020, finished building Merton Hall, which had been begun by his father, Robert de Grey, who was many times imprisoned and fined as a Popish Recusant.'

Halman sims

Nicholas

1G22.

We now

the Register as Minister.

A

come to the time of the Commonwealth. Hamond, was, judging by the entry

the minister, Mr. ejected.

known

:

Registrar was appointed, and

at his death, 1003, q.v., probably

The number of beneficed clergymen who were ejected is not accurately Gauden says between six and seven thousand.^ In Walker's " Sufferings " the "

computation

is still

higher, but probably these statements are

(Short's Hist, of Chv.rch of

In 1054 there

is

England,

this entry, "

much beyond

the truth

443).

The Register begun the 22ud day

of

Maj% 1654, by

me, John Barker, Register for the parish of Tompston." In 1653 tho Parliament passed an Act appointing a

He was

elected

by the

inhabitants,

and parish

register

there,

Registrar for each parish.

He was sometimes, Samuel Warren, minister of God's word at June 12th, 1054" (cover of Griston Register book)],

as at Griston, the minister of the parish

Griston,

civil

and sworn before a magistrate. ;

["

but generally, as in Thompson, he was a layman.

The

filled

church registers were to

be given into his custody.

The John Barker who was appointed Register of Tompston, was at this time (witli the exception of the two cousins Futter, proprietors respectively of the College and of Por3-s) the chief resident in Thompson (for family of Barker of Thompson, see p. 100). Children are now entered as born,' not baptised.' Tlie marriages were performed by the civil power. The agreement of marriage was published three times on the Lord's day in the pulilic meeting place, commonly called the church, or sometimes in the mai-ket place, on three mai-ket days, and " the parties were to profess their desire to be married in '

'

'

which

[There

is

an extremely interesting account of this gentleman in the

will repay

anyone

to refer to.

It is a

ix"' vol. of tho

Norfolk Aichtcologij, p. 282,

most careful and elaborate paper, and was written by

Jlr.

Crabbo

in his

best style]. ^

The Covenant was

informed Mr, Walker

in 1643 enforced in the Diocese of

{Sufferings, p.

were ejected, and that two or

tliree

107),

" that

hundred

all

Norwich with extraordinary rigour

.

.

.

Dr. Prideaux

tho clergy of that diocese that would not take the Covenant

lost their

preferment."

Gournay Records,

p.

167.

96

OF THOMPSOX.

iriSTOKY

make

the presence of a justice of the peace, in order to

were

parties

penuittcJ to a(h)pt tlie

accustomed

In 1G56 the

the union legal.

rites of religion if tliey preferred

them

"

(Short's Hist, p. 472). "

1C5G.

Steven Oaulikii, wiildinver, and Elizabate Sinallock, single woman, were

married 2 June, by Justes Gurdin, 1G5G."

He was

Esq., of Letton.

Gurdon was Brampton Gurdon,

Tliis Justice

and married Mary, daughter of Henr}' Polsted

living in 1G64,

of London, Gent. "

day

1657.

Robert Clarke, widdower, and

June by Thomas

of

Thomas Daye,

name

afterwards took the

Day

been long in the

Deys

1474

in

family, and which

Day

72).

p.

John

of

is

still

(1879),

Scoulton bore

of

probably from a very

field,

(see

was father-indaw

John

Futter.

Day, and succeeded to the Scoulton

of

Inn called the Da\''s Arms. mullets of the

one of the justis of the peace for this county."

Daj', Esq.,

Scoulton,

Esq., of

married the 8th

Rolfe, wiiluw, were

Eliz"'

remembered

—Or,

as

The Days were copyholders

down

College (see Court Booh, 1053, IGGO, &c.,

to 1734),

which had

in Scoulton

on a chief indented

date,

earl}"-

of

son

Futter's

estate,

by the two

az.

was a house called the Manors of Thompson

there

and of Waterhouse

(see

Cvart

1601 to 1682).

Boole,

In 1658, judging by the handwriting and the registrar, Mr.

Hamond,

Bai-ker,

suppose,

I

wlio,

tlie

signature at

bottom of the page,

tlie

gave up the register book to the minister, the Rev. John

was restored

to

church at the

his

of

fall

Cromwell.

The

In Charles

II. 's

children are again entered as " baptized."

We

have

however, done with the

not,

many

reign there were

of

ctiects

briefs, or orders to collect

Civil

tiic

War.

money, issued

in behalf of charitable

many of them to assist towns which had suffered in the royal cause. Pepys June 30th, IGGl, " Lord's Day. To church where we observe the trade of briefs come now up to so constant a course every Sunday, that we resolve to give no

objects,

says, is

more

to them."

"Collected 2s.

9tL

Chaides

the Civil

Thompson

In

the

in

register

Pish of

two

Thompson

of these are recorded.

Wars remained

faitliful to the

Bridgnorth, IGGl,

for

had been proclaimed king

II.

May

Sth,

royal cause.

In 164G

attack from the parliamentary forces, in the course of

town was burnt fortifications liis

is

faithful this

the ground.

to

destroyed " city,

entry:

—"To

Dec. 15th, IGGl."

{Purl.

and hence the Bridgenorth

was taken

It

No

(Jaz.)

sustained a desperate

it

large

a

three weeks'



"

"To Harrison

off Trinity

and

its

losse

2s.

5c?."

at sea,

iv-edifying, 2s. loss

is

\d.,

stated to be

Pish of Thompston, the 17th

Collected in the

House a

stated to be £7,500.

portion of the

resistance,

In the Merton register there

In Horringer register. Bury St. Edmund's, the

:

10th November,

doubt Charles would be anxious to help

November, 1661, for Henry Harrison, Marriner, is

tlic

Bridgnorth had during

Salop a buiuiiig and eliuich

in

Other entries are as as follows

Harrison's loss

wliieli

brief for this purpose.

of the value of £GO,000.

entry,

after

IGGO.

In

IGGl."

Merton register

is

the

In Horringer register,

97

THE REGISTEES. 1G61.

much in

Bolingbrooke Churcli,

Collected for

War"

in the Civil

"Bolingbroke Church suffered

In Merton register

(Pari. Gaz.)

1661."

a church repairing, 19d.,

Lincolnshire,

M.

3s.

this entry,

is

"To Bullingbrook

Horringer register this

In

loss

is

stated as £2400.

1661.

Richard

y'^

sonne of Thos. Rising and Bridget his wife was baptized.

In

1708 Rysinge Smith, Gent., was buried.

In

1663 Thomas Rising was

and

buried,

in

the chancel, close to the north wall,

betw. three cross-crosslets as follows

Crest:

sa.

"

Here

is

a slab with a coat of

Out

inscription

is

16th of January, 1708, aged 53 years.

in

y"=

lies

Son

Smyth

This John

county of Suffolk, Gent."

y'^

crown an

of a mural

head

eagle's

the body of Rysing Smyth, Gent.,

this life

:

arms, Ar. a chev. gu.

who

or.

The

departed

John Smyth late of Haughly no doubt commemorated on a

of

is

mural monument against the south wall of Haugliley church.

Juxta banc parietem jacet

quod reliquum

est

Johannis Smyth, Gen., qui obiit Api'. 26,

An. Dom. 1691, su£e

jetat.

77.

There are inscriptions on the same monument died sexagenarius, Oct. 9 th, 1723.

monument

in the

same church

is

Arms and

his wife

to

and son John, who

And on

crest as above.

another mural

an inscription to Sarah, the wife of John Smyth, Gent.,



Mary Smyth, ending with these words: "This family was Rising Smith ancient and much respected in this parish." Arms and crest as above. Thomas Scott of Watton, and of cousin Edward Blackball of Merton, Gent., was of

and

to their daughter, Mrs.

Gent.

—Carthew's

1663.

"

Launditch,

iii.

34'9.

Mr. John Hamond, curat, was buried the

about thirty-six years."

He

first

signs the

book

first of

in 1623,

March.

He was

minister

which would be forty years,

but he seems to have been ejected four years. 1671.

There

of a

quai-rel

some

turfs

pyt."

is

an entiy on page 68 too long

to give,

but which

tells

us a story

between the neighbouring parishes of Thompson and Stow Bedon, about nere the

Hemp

now covered by

a lake

There are several plots of ground near

it still

which the Thompson people had cut

in " the

Sanwade

This fen, about two miles S.W. of Thompson Church,

of about sixty acres,

made about

1845.

is

ffienn,

is in a map of 1723 a ti-ack leading from the Fen to the Sandwood Way. The parishes took the case to the Assizes, then held at Thetford, and Thompson gained the verdict. In tliis account it is worth noticing that the word plotforme is used in its first meaning of " ground plan or design " {HaUiwell's Bid.}, " was set forth by draught or plotforme y" situation of y'

called

North

"

Sannard

Common

"

;

and there

called the

o

HISTORY OF THOMPSON.

98

towne of Toniston, demonstrating y" several

hritlges, cawsies,

Lord Bacon

wayes, &e."

(Essays) says, "I have made a platform of a princely gai-deii" {Richardson's Bid.) The word Cawsies is the old form of the word Causeways (old French caxccii from

1682.

(Saham

—Milton

and Borner's Froiss((,rt. Skeat's Diet.) Mr. John Bloome, curate of this parish, dyed 3rd tt'eb. at Shanietoney

Latin calciata, formerly spelt causey.

neighbouring

Toney, a

was buryed

and

village),

He was

there.

minister

twenty years. Booth was buried March 23rd.

" Mrs. Eliztli.

1685.

Affidavit

was made by Ann

Bouging of Thompston, widow, March 24th, before William de Grey, Esq., George Heath, and George Cooper, witnesses." By 30th Charles II, sec. i., c. 3, for the encouragement of woollen manufacturers, a sworn affidavit was to be produced to the within eight days after the funeral, that the corpse was

officiating minister

in woollen

cloth

:

Readers of Pope will remember the

£5.

penalty,

lines

wrapped

on woollen

shrouds " Odious in woollon

Were

would a

saint provoke,

••••« !

't

the last words that poor Narcissa spoke.



One would

not, sure, be frightful

And

when

Betty, give this cheek a

one's dead, rod."

littlo

The William de Grey of Merton, before whom Mrs. Bouging's affidavit was sworn, himself died two years after, at the eai-ly age of thirty-five, and his wife Elizabeth, sister of Thomas Bedingfield, died in the same year as himself. 1695. "Tompston, A Register Bill beginning the first day of May, 169.5, By virtue of Pliam' made in the 6"' and 7"' yeare of y'= Reigne of King William y'^ an Act of 3'''^

[for

carrying on the

Marijages,

Birthes,

Marrijage,

2s.

Qd.

and ;

a

War

Birth,

pro]5erty

paid to the government

till

:

France],

;

be

shall

that Od.

2s.

according to rank and

and

against

Burijalls,

a

Burijall,

for certaine in 4s.

y"

III., c.

be paid

There were extra

Od."

a duke's burial was taxed £50.

the 52nd Geo.

to

The lowest

upon

rate,

a

rates,

These taxes were

146, the act for registering baptisms

burials.

In 1785 in the Thompson

Register,

William Whalebelly and Elizth.

were buried, and these words were added in the register is

rates

Parish.

'•

No

Whalebelly

Tax," but no exjjianation

given of the exemption.

In the eighteenth century the prominent names are those of Churchman, Barker, Crauraer, Collman, Tooke, Houchen, Whalebelly, Perryman, Pollington, Chilvers, Pilgrim, Pairiuain,

Mounseer.

The most prominent entries are as follows John Edgerly signs as Curate. 1745. " 1747. The Rev. John Cater, a learned and ingenious :

1771 to 1774.

Thos. Scott signs as Minister.

divine, buried July 30th."

THE REGISTERS. 1774. as

"

Mr. John Barker, the last of that

principal owners

the

There

porch."

grave, but 177G.

it

lias

this

in is

parish,

died

Feb.

99

name which have 5th,

lived so

aged 92 years, and

many is

years

buried

in

a slab in the centre of the porch, which no doubt covers his

never had an inscription.

"Also Thomas, buried, son of Danal Jonas and his wife, of Thimbclthorpe

near Foulsham in Norfolk, aged 12 years: he was sent one the 12 Jenery by his master,

Richard Palmer, of that place, to help to drive sum sent

back abought

five

cattell

miles this side of Thetford late

towards London, and he was in

the afternoon,

to

go to

Watton Bull to lodge, but Being so badley clothed, and the weather so very sharpe, that he was Frozen to death one Tompston common, near the old Thetford Rode to Cherry Row and covered over with Snow, and was not found tell the 6 of Febury it was thought by all that see him after he was found, that he perished through the cearleness of his master's brother that was with him, for it was the opineng of the pepell that see his clothing, that it wold have perished any man to have ben sent the way that lie had to go with such Clothen as he had one, and he was cept ten days for want of a pason to Bery him." Apparently the entries of this year are by John Bale, Churchwarden. 1779 to 1784.

John Twells signs

1791 to 1793.

Thos. Scott signs as Curate.

1785.

1796 to 1805.

E.

as Curate.

M. Price was Curate.

Robert Barnes signs as Curate.

o 2

100

C^c §aiiurs

HE

John

of

will

Barker

proved 15th Feb., 1775

;

0f Cbom]^soiT.

Thompson,

of

leaves

yeoman,

John

to

and personal, except £10 to George Pearle of Quiddenham, yeoman, and £10 property

his

Elizth.

Sands of Diss

real

".

.

.

I direct that

.

my

dated

6tli

April,

1773

;

Thompson, yeoman, all John Pearle, eldest son of

Bale of

to

Thomas Sands, son

body may be decently buried

of

in the

porch of the parish church of Thompson, and that a proper stone shall be laid over

my

grave."

20th

Norfolk

my my

John

Bale, sole executor.

Oct.,

1754.

....

I

parishes

....

Will

Joseph

Rev.

the

of

bequeath the sum of

Barker

five shillings to

of

Wiggenhall

St.

Mary,

every poor family in each of

window or house taxes or parish rates .... to yonger .... houses in Diss .... my brother, John

that doth not pay

kinsman, John Archer the

Barker, and sister Miller, wife of John

Miller

....

Mary, daughter of

my

cousin

John Hammond .... Elizabeth Pearl, my kinswoman .... Elizabeth Sands, my kinswoman .... if my cousin Mathew Barker, &c. 9th May, 1769. Probate of will of Matthew Barker of Thompson, farmer .... Ann, the wife of Keene Bunkall of Carbrooke, farmer, houses and lands Thompson, remainder to her children to William Bale of Thompson, farmer, who liv^s in my late brother William Barker's house, certain messuage and to in

'

lands

;

the remainder to William

....

Bale his eldest son, subject to payment of £30 to

Barker Bale, brother of the said William (the son) farmer,

brother

brother

Thomas

two

of

the first-named

Barker's

closes lying near

in

trust that he

of

penny bread

by them

'

and to

distributed

....

Thompson his

William to

Bale,

Keene

said

John Bale of Thompson, houses and lands that were my to

Bunkall

of

Carbrooke,

farmer,

church, which I purchased of the Rev. Mr. Brundish,

heirs shall on every

Sunday

the churchwardens or overseers of

amongst such of

the

poor of

for ever, give ten

the

poor of

pennyworth

Thompson,

to be

that parish as they shall think

This property was mortgaged lOth Oct., 1776, by Keene Buakall, and passed in 1790 to Willm. Tooke, Esq.

THE BARKEES OF THOMPSON.

upon further trust that the said Keene Bunkall Matthew's day in every seventh year for ever, give to

the greatest objects of charity

and

his

heirs,

shall

on

101

St.

;

also

of Thompson half a guinea to preach a sermon in commemoration of the bequest of the above charity of bread, given by me to the Keene Bunkall, sole executor and residuary. said parish. Will signed 18th Feb., 17G9.

clergyman of

the

the

parish

This family of Barker of Thompson was probably entirely distinct from that of Barker of Shropham, which now owns their property in Thompson. The Barkers of

Thompson appear

in the court-rolls of Butters Hall

In a

a period of 325 years.

mentioned is

(see

p.

and

67),

said to hold a cottage

in

roll

of

and the College from 1449 to 1774

Botours Hall

Manor

of

1449,

John Barker

is

another court of the same manor in 1468, John Barker

named

Beytofts, lying in

Netherthorpe in Thompson.

There

Thompson Registers, ranging from 1564 to 1774, them named John. They were copyhold tenants of the

are sixty-two entries of Barkers in the

and there are fourteen of Manors of the College, of Butters Hall, and of Waterhouse (see Court Books passim). Thos. Barker, born 1561, bought part of the College property of Mr. Cater {Blomefiekl, ii. 373), and Matthew Barker, one of the last of the family, bought the great tithes and a house

called the Bell

House, and two acres of land adjoining, near the church,

Barber Colman, heir of the Rev. Roger Colman of Thompson

of

appears to have sold them before he in

it.

made

The John Barker who was buried

in

(see

p.

52).

He

makes no mention of them the Church porch is described in the

his will,

as he

and as cousin and heir-at-law of and the year before his death, which took place in Feb., 1775, he sold his property to John Barker of Shropham, Esq. In the last quarter of the seventeenth century, there seems, judging by the Registers, to have resided at Thompson two large families of these Barkers, viz., that of Thomas, born 1651, who had six sons, and that of his brother Roger, who had three sous and three dauohters. Thomas was a considerable landowner, as appears by a map of Thompson of 1723. College

court

book,

Matthew Barker

He had bought last to

1772,

as

worsted

weaver,'

;

part of the college lands [Blomefield).

be represented by Matthew,

who

outlived

The family his

brothers.

of

Thomas came

at

He was

tenant of Butters Hall Farm, containing 160 acres (paper at Merton Hall, ^^), and probably lived The family of Roger was, at the same time, represented by his eldest son John, there. who was the worsted weaver buried in the porch. all

Roger's second son Joseph, baptised at Thompson, 1685, was Vicar of Wiggenhall.

This Joseph in his will (proved Cur. Ep. Nor., 30th Nov., 1754), declares that "if my Matthew Barker should think fit to restore and give the Tythes which he had bought to the Parish Church of Thomstone, and make his house called the Bell House,

cousin

and the land belonging to it, a mansion for the Incumbents, then I give all my money in his hand to him, only upon this condition, that he or the Incumbent pay the usuall interest to my said brother and sister (John Barker and Mi-s. Miller), as lonf

'

In the court book

of the College,

1772,

John

Ellia is described as of

Thompson, linen weaver.

HISTOKY OF THOMPSON'.

102

them shall live." Testator Gissing, Gent., and his kinsman, Osborn of said Matthew Barker, executors, and also the first half-yeai'. The testator saj'-s subsequently, as they or either of

the

Parish

Tithes to the said

own and

his

brother's

Chui'ch,

decease, he

Church upon Sidney College

said

perpetuate

his

otherwise, he

name

sa3-s, is

to

future

would in

then

appointed his cousin, William Clark,

an

attorney-at-law,

Rev.

Mr.

Richard

my

settle

my

cousin

request

to

"If

the patronage and

Cambridge," which, he

generations,

him

and

to

avoid

and

the

for

the

Money,

Barker is

shall

that

restore

after

advowson

added,

much

is

Miller

the

of

way

confusion,

his tiie

to

which

likely to ensue.

Matthew Barker makes no mention in his will (see p. 100), of the impropriation of Thompson, so that probably he had sold it before he died to John Barker of Shropham, who also bought the impropriation, and in his family it continues to this daj^ and the farm, which, judging by the abuttals, occupies the site of the Bell House, is the property of the same owner. ;

Some Materials towaeds a Pedigree of Barker of Thompson. From

the Parish Registers

and the

John Barker, mentioned

Court-rolls of Botours

Ball and of the

College.

as a tenant in a court-roll of Botours Hall, 1449.

in a court-roll of the same manor, 1468, held a cottage called Beytofls, lying in Netherthorpe in Tomston.

John Barker,

John Barker, copyhold tenant of the College Manor in 7th Jas.=p Elizabeth, bur. 1585. Tenant also of Waterhouse Manor.— Coh»-< Book, 1617 IJur. 1627. [From now the baptisms and burials are all taken from (IGIO).

the Elizth. Barker, bp. 1579.

John Barker, bp. 1683, bur. 1585.

Ill

Thompson

Registers.]

THE BARKERS OF THOMPSON.

;

bp. 1683 at Tottington, buried 1705, eld. son.

1— bap.

Thompson

by

came

bought

Bale, who sold it to John

great

titljes

Barkerof Shrop-

Bell-house, both of Barber Collman. see p. 52.

thewwasadmtd.

ham,

College

Wm.

copyholds 1768, as heir-at-law.

in

1776. Bale lived

Wm Barker's

house after hia



death.— College

Robert,bp.l686, bur. 1742.

llatthew, bp. 1690, bur. 1769; copyhold tenant of Butters Hall, 1734,

John

1684, bur. 1768; his brother Mat-

r-r-"

to

his will

Thomas, bap.

his

i

1089, bur. 1760. His property in



to

(*)

— Willm.,

_i rr—i Juhn Barker,

.Bi., 1771.

103

WiU

Margt., bp. 1681, bur. 1685.

Elizth , bp. 1681.

of

— —

Elizth., bp. 1684, bur. 1683.

Daniel, bap. 1691, bur. 1757;

Matthew

dated 24th May,

was admitted to

1753.

his

Cull,

called

' '

of

worstead

Thomp. and the

his br.

John, bap. 1683, bur. Feb. 10th, 1775, in Thompson Porch,



Thompsn. weaver,"

and cousin and

heir-

at-law of Matthew Barker. Co«. £oll, 1772 and 1774. Admitted to his father Roger's Coll. lands as eld. son and heir, 1706. Thelastofthe



Barkers of Thomps. Sold

— Thomp. Reg.

copy-

his

holds 1739. WiU dated 19th Sept. 1733, pro V. 14 Dec. 1757.

Thompson prpty.

the year before hjs death to John Barker of Shropham, Esq.

I

I

I

I

Joseph, bp. 1685, B.A. 1708, died 1754, Rector of

Wiggenhall.

HeUen, bp. 168S.

Martha, bp. 1688.

Samuel, bp. 1689, bur. 1691.

John Barker, bap. 1608. John Barker, sen., mar. Marie Waby, 1637. Easter Barker, bur. 1680. Rebecca Barker, bur. 1681 (daughter of Robert Barker). Henery Cranmer and Dorothy Barker were mar. 1678. Margiet Barker, singlewoman, buried 18th June, 1679. John Barker of Wymondham, beer brewer, admitted as tenant of TVaterhouse Manor in Thompson, 1716. Death of John Barker of Wymondham presented at Court of Waterhouse Manor, 1728, and Thomas Barker of Thompson presented. Thomas Barker, called yeoman

in court of Butters Hall, 1693.

Pedigree shewing the connection of the Futters of Thompson, CALLED ALSO FUTTERS OF PORYS, WITH THE DaYS OR D'EyES OF SCOULTON AND Barkers of Shropham.

Robert Daye, buried at Scoulton 1627,=r Elizth. dau. of Robert Futter, sen., of Thompson. son and h. of Thomas D'Eye of Scoulton, Blomef., under Scoulton. Mar. at Scoulton who was buried there 1573. Bays Fed. 1579, bur. there \6l%.—Doye Fed, penes J. Daye Barker. ,

Thos. Day, 2nd son and h.,=j=Bridget, dau. of James Slethwold of Langford, Gent.— .Bfc«i«/. Buried at Scoulton 1626.

ob. 1658.

I

Willm. Milsop,

Anne Futter, mar. Their Daye.

Gent., at

and

Thompson

and

h.' Sarah, mar. Surf. Vn., Fed. Futter.

d.

I

Philip

T-

Mrs.

Laije Fid.

Thos. Daye of Scoulton, Esq., =i=Barbara, dau. of Philip Calthorpe of h., ob. 1671, copyGressenhall, Esq., a younger son of Sir Jas. Calthorpe of Cockthorpe. She died

1650.

2nd son and

Robt.

hold tenant of the College .Manor in Thompson. Court Bk., 1656.

bef. 8th

Aug. 1669; bur. at Scoulton.

HISTORY OF THOMPSON.

104 (»)

(")

-J

1

Sarah, d. of

Thomas

John Kow-

of Lond., bom in Ireland.

ley of Hidgway Hall, Staff.; bur. at St. John

Will dat. 1703;

Zachary, Lond., 1702

Edwd.: Daye,

=

son,

eld.

bur. at S.

(fz

John

J.

inform.

Daye

Zachary,

Barker,

London,

Esq.)

John

Thos.

Daye,

Futter of

Gent., only

Norwich,

Futter, bap. at

child, ob.

linendrap. aftw. John

l-hompson 1644.

1706,

set.

33, s p.

Futter

left the

Daye

estate to his cousin,

Scoulton 1711

ceeded to Scoulton by the will

Norwich,

Carbrooke

mercht.

1741.—

-Xorf.

Norf. Vis.

Vis.

Engle of Yarmouth,

to the Daye estate in

ob. s.p.

Futter of

suc-

;

Benj.

Succeeded

;

John

linen draper.

1703.

of

Elizth.= Futter, will dated 174U, buried at

;

Scoulton by the will of her bro. John.

of his cousin,

Sarah, d. of WormBarker ley Hethersett, Aid. of Shrop:.T:of Thetford, lord of Gt.and Lt.Breccles ham, she was mar. 1696, Esq., only son at St. Mary's, ThetHad Little ford. of John Barker of Breccle8,now ShropHall, of the gift ham Thornof her father d. don, Gent. 1758, bur. at Shrop-

James

ham,

ob. 1718, bur. at

Thos. Day.

set. 86.

bhrop-

ham.

her son James Barker, Clk.

John Daye-

Anne=rWm.

=Elizth.

of Seoulton, Gent.,

bur. at

only son,

Scoulton

and heir

1734.

general of Daye fmly. in 1741 ; living 1755. Plaintiff in

Day

Daye, bap. 1693; from her is de-

Bar-

Elizth.=

ker of

Engle,

Wol-

1770, bur. at

scended the family of

stanton, CO. Staff.— Comm. by

Daye

J.

Barker.

Barker,

d.

Daye

ait.

Esq.

sister of

of Redgrave, ob. s.p.

Edmd.

Will proved

St.

Thos. Daye of E. Dereham, attmy.,

children died s.p.

h.; will

1756;

died, it is believed, un-

married.

Shelton Futter's of land in Thomp. bur. ;

of

Bury £d-

mund's, mercer, living

1770.

1764.

1

1.

John Barker,

Lt.-Col., ob. s.p.

;

eld. son,

will

proved

1792 bought Ellis', Barker's, and Bales' property in Thompson; left the Shropham estate, which now included half Thompson, to the eld. dau. of his brother James, who should attain to 25 years, in Court Book, default of sons Butters Sail, 1792. Lord of ;

— Court Book.

Sarah Hether-=Rev. G. H. and h. Leathes of

sett, eld. d.

of Shropham Hall, died s.p., succd. as heir toher uncle

John Barker, 1830.

;

others.

Norman

I

ChurchWaterhouse and house Manors in Thompson.

1.

Sheriff for Norf.,

—Two

— Court Book. 1 Other

'

I

and

Barker

High

at

V.

dated

Rev. Jas.=Elizth.,

built Shropham Shropham Hall before Lord 1739.— B/ome/". of Waterhouse and Churchhouse Manors in Thomp. from 1747.

60.

Barker, 1740-47.

8.

John Barker of Shropham, Esq., died 1756; bought Daye and Robt.

Shrop-

ham,

In her

will dated 1745 gave living of Bacton to

d.

Shropham Hall, aftw. of Shropham Villa, d. 1836.

Henry of

Shropham Hall,

succeeded on the death of her sister, Sarah Leathes, d. 1853.

Gen.Jas.: ^Miiry Barker took Anne, name of dau. of Hethersett, d. at Scoulton Coston, 1812, bur. at ob. in 2.

Shropham

London

four drs. coparceners, Manor Bk., Butlers Sail, 1812.

1823, bur. at

left



Shrop-

ham.

4.

Ed.

3. Benj. Barker.Esq., of Carbrooke,

Barker, Rector of Bac-

mar.

ton.

Anne

Ist,

Rickards 2nd, Elizth. Hicks, wid. .-v

THE BARKERS OF THOMPSOX.

A

Parish History can never be completed, for every seai-ch brings forth some

facts

concerning

what

I

have

it

;

done,

but advancing years warn

and

to

bring

imperfectly I have accomplished

my

as

I

have

given,

me

that

an

task

to

many

a thing I sought,"

end.

whenever

practicable,

the

without

archaeologists,

what I have collected may be use to some future Norfolk historian.

hope that

and of

know how very

well

I

authority

without quoting authorities, no history and no genealogy not

new

best to be content with

it is

it,

" I sigh the lack of

yet

105

is

of

for

of

my any

statements real value),

interest

to

my

(and I

am

brother

107

INDEX NOMINUM.

A'Beckett, Thomas, 82 Aldewjti, AldwvD, John, G8, 77 Robert, 22 Aldrich, Dr., 94 Aldy (alias Hoke), Richard, 33 Alen, William, 22 Aleyne, 16 Alington, James, 72 AUeyn, John, 33

Barker, ;

104; Daniel, 103; Dorothy, 103; Easter, 103; Edward, 104; Elizabeth, 49, 102, 103, 104 Ellen (Hellen), 102, 103 IsabeUa, 104 James, 75, 87, 104 Jane, 102 ;

;

;

;

Thomas, 54

Aquam, Amicia

ad, 15

Simon

;

;

47, 49, 67, 74, 75, 79, 87, 95, 96, 99, 100, 101, 102, 103, 104; J. Joseph, 42, 100, 101, 103; Margaret, 102, 103; JIartha, 102, 103; Mary, 102, 1U3; Mary Anne, 104; Matthew,

Daye, 48, 103

;

;

;

Jane Maria, 75, 104; John, 24,

Aluric, 8

Arayas, John, 61 Amye, John, 23 Thomas, 23 Andrews, Charles, 54 Sarah, 54

Anne. 104;

98;

91, 94,

Anne Amelia, 104; Benjamin,

ad,

15

;

101, 102, 103; Rebecca, 103 Robert, 102, 103; Roger, 101, 102, 103; Samuel, 103 ; .Sarah, 104 Sarah Hether52, 58,

87,

100, ;

Archer, John, 100 Arundell and Surrey, Earl of, 30 Avsshele, Henry, 15 Asshole,

;

;

Thomas, 19 Asshill, Henry, 67

103 10!i,

Astel, John, 19 Astley, Sir Jacob, 54

Asty, Thomas, 75

James, Atmear, Atmeare, 91, 94 24; Eobeit, 51, 89; Ihomas, 77, 90 Atte Watir, JIarg', 18; Sarra, 18 Atte Welle, 16 Atte Townescnde, At-the-town'send, John, IS, 20 Audeley, Robert, 33, 35, 30, 41, 87 Aula, Robert de, 10, 87. See Hall Auld, Robert do, 15 Avis, Margaret, 102 Thomas, 102 ;

;

Aysshele.

See Asshole

;

;

;

;

;

;

,

;

Thompson, 51

William,

;

103, 104

Barnes, Robert. 88. 99 Baron, John, 18 ; Richard, 65, 71 Barricke. John, 67 Barton, Jtr., 68 Baseley, Barbara. 55. 56; Elizabeth Mary, 56; John, 54; John Greene, 54, 56 Margaret, 56 ; Mary Ann. 56 ;

Bateman, William, Bishop of Norwich. 30, 36 Bath, Margaret, Countess of, 71 Bav, Johan, 24 John, 22 ; Robert, ;

19

Baynard. 92

SirFulk, 9; Geoffrey, 9 Isabel, 30; Robert, 9 Beale. Slartha, 72 ; Michael, 72 Beasly, Mr., S3 Beaufort, Duke of, 62 Beckerton, 91 Bedingfield, 94: Abigail, 48; Anne, 48 Christopher, 47, 48 Daniel, 48; Eduiuud, 47, 50; Sir Edmund, 47 ; Edward, 48 Elizabeth, 98 ; Frances, 47 Franci.-J, 47, 48, 49, 60, 87 Jane, 47, 48, 60 Humphrey, 48 ; Mai-y, 92 ;

;

Babingle, Sir Simon de, 12 Bacon, Edmund, 43, 48 Lord, 98 Mary, 43, 48 Bakere, Stephen, 18 Bale, Barker, 57, 58, 100 Caroline, 58; John, 57, 58, 99, 100, 103; JIaria, 58 Martha, 58 Thomas, 58 William, 57, 58, 100, 103 Baliol, John, 3 Balle, Mary, 48 48 ;

104; Thomas, 89, 100, 102,

sett,

;

;

;

;

;

;

;

p 2

48, 49 ; Thomas, 92, Winifred, 48, 49, 60. 87

Nicholfls,

98

;

Bee, Alice, 19; WiUiam, 15 Bele, 16 Alice, 19 William, 18 ;

;

Bennet, Bennett, Dr., 27 Jane, 92 John, 92 Berchet, 80 Bernard, Thomas, 16 Bemer the Archer, 7, 8 Bemers, Baron, 42 Baroness, 42 ;

;

Bemey,

Julian, 77

Thomas,

Sir

;

77

Bersham, Henry Berton, John, 40 Bethune, 88

de, 9

Bettys, William, 33 Bigo"t,

Roger,

4, 6, 8

Blackball, Edward, 97 Blakeney, John, 75 Thomas, 74 William de, 74 Blithe, William, 12 Blome, Bloome, John, 50, 88, 98 Blove, Katherinc, 19; William, 18 Blund. Robert, 6, 7 Bokenham, John de, jun., 40 Boldingham, John, 47 Boleyn, Bridget, 85 ; Sir John, 85 Bond, Elizjibeth, 53 Jonas, 53 JIary, 52, 53, 61; Sarah, 53; Rev. Thomas, 53 Boneswell, Richard, 24 Bonneswell, John, 24 Booth, Elizabeth, 9S Borrett, John, 72, 75 Botetourt, Botetort, Boutertort, Buttctourt, Ada de, 62 Sir Anfrid de, 63; Sir Baldwin, 64; Bartholomew, 63, 64 Catherine, 63; Sir Guy de, 10, 62, 63, 70, 87; Isabel, 63; Joan, 63; Jocosa, 64; Sir John de, 62, 63. 64; John de, 63. 64 John, 63 5[argaret, 64; Maud, 63, 64; Ralf, 63; Sir Ralph. 10, 63. 70; Ralph, 88; Robert. 63; Sir Roger de. 63; Roger de, 63; Sir Thomas de, 63 ; Thomas, 63 William de, 63 ;

;

;

;

;

;

;

;

108 Botours,

nnltiirt.

rioutourfl,

Sir

Baldnjn, 62, 63, 64, 70; Balilwyn, 63; Matilda, 63; MuuU, 64, 70

Churchman. 08 Clarke, Elizabeth, Obborn, 102; Robert, 61,96 Clere, Thomas, 75 75 , Clifton, Sir John, 64 Clough, William, 88 Clovyllo, John, 12 Coggeshale, 30 Coke, Adam, 19; Sir Edward, John, 30, 33, 39 Cole, John, 73 Collman, 98 Colman, Barber, 51, 52, 87, Francis, 52; John, 103; Clark,

Bradley, Henry, 3 Brecdcs, Peter de, 9 Breton, Henry de, '20 Bright, llargnret, 72 Thomas, 72 Brightman, Kubert, 77 ;

Marquis

of, 71

Brond, George, 23, 77 Brown, Browne, John, IS; John Lvncolne), 23; Mr., 55; Kohcrt, 61; William, 16 Bnmdish, Kev. 100 , Bryan, Agnes, 47; Robert, 47 (alias



Bryon, Edmund, 18

;

15, 18

Buttertorte. See Botetourt Butturt. See Botours

Thomas, 24

;

Calibut, Bridget, 80

;

Francis, 85

;

John, 85 Calthorpo, Anne, 93, 95 Barbara, 103; Sir James, 93, 95, 103; Bhilip, 103 Campbell, Alexander, 104; Duncanna, 104 ;

Campscen, John,

elk., 44,

87, 88, 89, 101

;

40;

47;

101,

15;

49, 51, 74, 75, Sarah, 51

;

;

Corbole, Robert, 77 Cornel, 16

John.

John, 92

;

;

Durant. See Dorant Dynggcloue, John, 18 Ecclcsiam, Robert ad, 15 Ede, Ambrose, 33 Edgar, Mary, 49 49 Edgerley, Edgerly, John, 88, 98 Edmond, John, 64, 65 Margaret,



;

,

;

64, 65

Richard, 04, 65 Edmonds, John, 04, 65 Edraundvs, John, 65, 70; Robert, 65 ;

John, 101

Ellis,

Emne, Matilda, 15 Emond, Emondo, 63 John, 64 Maud, 63, 64 Roger, 64 ;

;

Cosden, 94 Costen, Margaret, 102

Engle, Benjamin, 49, 104; Elizabeth,

Costens, 91 Coston, Mary Anne, 104 Costyn, Roger, 77 Cotterell, Anne, 95 Cotton, Sir Thomas, 92;

Erasmus, 82

49, 104

Esmond, Esmonde,

91

Alice 64

;

Joan, 65 John, 64, 70, 74 Margaret, 64, 70 Richard, 05 Roger, 64, 70 ;

;

Ursula,

92 Coupere, William, 30 Cowper, Richard, 23, 85 Crabbe, i\lr., 36, 58, 95 Cranmor, Dorothy, 98; 103; Henry, 103 Richard, 33 Croftes, Crofts, Sir John, 90 Cromwell, Secretary, 91 Crowe, John, 10; Margaret, 9; Peter, 15; Robert, 9; Roger, 10 Curteis, John, 40

9

Esmonds,

Esmondes,

Esmondys,

John, 63, 65, 70; Richard, 65, 7 1 Roger, 65 Evans, Rev. C. J., 30, 33, 67 Everard, Anne, 93 Henry, 93 Ewin, Thomas, 51 Rev. William, ;

;

;

51

Faber, John, 15 Farthing, Jolm, 77 Faulkes, Ralph, 16

Fermour, Catherine, 84; Sir Henry, 84 Thomas, 84; Sir William, 84 Feltham, Sir Stephen, 32 Fiket, Fyket, Thomas, 10, 19 ;

Canham, Elizabeth, 46

Danmartin,

Canon, Cannon, Henry, IS; James,

de, 63 Darnele, John, 18 Davy, William, 45

22, 23, 24, 77 Richard, 22 Robert, 22; William, 18, 68 Carewe, Temperance, 93 Sir Wyniondo, 93 Carpenter, Emma, 15 Cater, Anthony, 52 ; Rev. John, 52, 61, 98; Mary, 52; Mr., 101; Richard, 49, 51, 52, 61 Robert, 61 Catirfete, Allan de, 15 Cave, Richard, 40 Chalnore, John, 15 Chaloner, Robert, 67, 68 Thomas, 18, 40 Chalonner, John, 18 Chamber, John, 22 Chambers, Humphrey, 47 Charabro, Wm. de la', 88 Chapman, John, 32, 4C, 76, 77; ;

;

;

;

Simon,

Bartholomew,

Draper, 80

Drosier, Elizabeth, 56 Drury, Elizabeth, 92 Robert, 6-3 DiU'kdale, Nicholas, 24 Dudley, Baron of, 63 Dugdiilo, 91, 94

Cook, Cooke, John, 24 I'cter, elk., 69; Stephen, 18 Cooles, John, 24 Cooper, Elizabeth, 55 George, Hugh, 55 Thouuis, 48 98 Copsey, Peter, 9 ;

Bullimer, 91 Bulneys, John, 30 Bulzoun, Roger, 16 Bunkall, Ann, 100; Keene, 100, 101 Bimtyng, Thomas, 22 Burnel, Sir Hugh, 64 Jocosa, 64 Burzoun, Roger, 1.5 Busshel, Bushell, Henry, 18; Jlargarct, IS; Thomas, 32; William,

Cackett, Mr., 28 Cade, Robert, 24

Roger,

96;



;

Bouging, Ann, 98 Bower, Kev. JI., 86 Boycot, John, 15, 19 Bozoun, Simon, 36

Bristol,

OF TIIOMrSON.

IIISTOPiY

32, 40, 76

Chase, Mr., 51 Cherville, Christian, 70; Roger, 70 Chilvers, 98 Chitty, Edwin, 56 Mary Ann, 5S ;

Church, William, 68

Maud

63

de,

Dawson. Susanna, 49 Day, Daye, D'Eye,

;

Odo

Fitt, Frances, 55

Thomas, 49 Anne, 104;

;

Barb.ara, 103; Bridget, 49, 103; Elizabeth, 48, 103, John, 49, 104 Jane, 49, 103 104; John Futter, 104; Philip,

Edward, 104

;

;

;

Robert, 48, 103; Sarah, 103, 104; Thomas, 49, 90, 96, 103, 104 Day ling, "William, 40

103;

Dean, Deane, George, 88 Deveroe, John, 47 Dexter,

Edmund,

89

Deynes, Thoraasin, 55

;

Walter, 65

Dikar, Robert, 33 Dikes, Thomas, 15

Dover, John,

CiO

;

Sir

Richard, 92 Fitz Rauf, John, 68 Flannar, John, 75 Folpe, John, 15

Fontem, Robert

ad,

15

;

William

ad, 16

France, John, 15

Freeman, Freman, Agnes, 23, 24; Thomas, 15 Freytag, Anne Amelia de, 104 Count de, 104

;

FuUer, John, 68 Fulmerston, Sir Richard, 84 Fut, William, 22 Futter, 91, 94, 95 Agnes, 47; Anne, 47, 48, 49, 103; Arthur, 47, 48; Austen, 48 Bridget, 48, 49, 50, ;

Dobbe, WilUam, 16 Dobber, Margaret, 19 Dobissone, John, 15 Dorant, Doraunt, Durant, garet. 18; Philip, 15 ; William, 15

Kubert, 55 Elizabeth, 92 ;

Fitz- Lewes,

18;

;

Elizabeth, 48, 49, 103, 104 ; Florence, 47 Frances, 48 Francis, 44, 45, 48, 49, 61, 75 61

;

Mar-

Robert,

Henry, 80, 87 61, 87

; :

;

;

;

44, 45, 47, 48, 4J, 50, 60, Humphrey, 48, 50, 60, James, 48"; Jane, 48, 49,

109

INDEX NOMIXCM. 50, 103; John, 44, 47, 48, 49, CO, 96, 103, 104; Lewis, 49; Lucie, 49; Marie, 44; M.irr, 48, 49; Richard, 48 ; Robert, "24, 43, 44, 45, 47, 48. 49, 50, 51, 60, 74, 75, 82, 87, 89, 90, 94, 103, 104 ;

Sarah, 44, Robert, jun , 48, 80 Susanna, 48, 49; Sihill, 48, 49 4S, 49, 94, 49 ; 'J'litmias, 44, 47, 104; William, 47, 48; Winifred, 49, 00 Fylpot, Roger, 32, 40, 59 ;

;

Ine, John, 19; Robert, 19

Ilalnian, Nicholas, 88, 95

Hammond, Haraond,llamont,Juhn, 45, 88, 90, 97, ion

;

Hanggyng, Edmund,

Jlr.,

18

Harbling, Robert de, 88 Hare, Ralph, 51 Harre, William, 40 Harrison, Henry, 9G Harsant, Bridget, 4'.l, 103; John, 49, 103 JFary, 54 Hart, Charlotte, 54 Harvey, Edward, 72 Harwood, Ann, 56 Elizabeth, 55, 56 Margaret, 56 Thomas, 55 ;

;

Gage, Juhn, 72 Gaulden, Elizabeth, 96

Stephen,

;

William Tooke,

53,

;

54, 56, 61,

73, SO

90 Oinvdy,

Sir Bassinghourne, Julian, 77 Sir Thomas, 77 Ged', Peter, 18; Thomas, 18

24

;

;

Gegges, Sir Thomas, 75

Gegh, Richard, 64 Genne, 16

Hawarth, Jfargaret, 102 Hedd, Clement, 24 Hemsworth, August
Gibion, William, 15 Giggs (Griggs), Robert, 74 Gilyon, 91 ; William, 15 Gonville, Edmund, 27 Goumay, Hugh de, 63 Grace, Christopher, 70; Richard, 70 Green, John, 40 Mr., 79 Greene, Edward, 51 Greenstreet, J. H., 9, 65 Grene, Alice, 19. 92; Edmund. 92; ;

Sir Johan, 12; John, 32; Jlagr', Olive, 19 19 ;

Grene, Robert, 18; Thomas, 77; William, 18; William de, 15 Grey, de Grey, Anne, 93, 95 ;

Edmund, 56, 57, Christian, 70 Elizabeth, 92 Gabriell, 92, 93 ;

;

Gertrude, 92, 93 Grace, 92; Jane, 92; John, 93; Margaret, Robert, Mary, 92 12, 30, 81 24, 93, 95; Sir Roger, 11, 81; Sir Thomas, Temperance, 93 11, 30; Thomas fil Rogeri, 12; Thomas, 92, 93 Sir William, 3, ;

;

;

;

;

;

31, 33, 50, 57, 09, 73, 93, 95, 102; William, 23, 24, 66, 07, 70, 92, 93, 95, 98; William, jun., 69

John, 72 Griffyn, Susan, 48 Grigson, E. R., 41, 61, 67, 73 Rev. William, 52, 55, 93 Grigg, Thomas, 15 Griggs (Giggs), Robert, 74 Gnindy, John, 72; Margaret, 72; Thomas, 72 Gurdin, Justice, 96 Griffiths,

;

Gurdon, Brampton, 96 Gurney, 52

;

Henry

d'Esterre, 75, 104

;

Slaria, 75, 104 Hendri, Leticia, 16 Hendry, John, 18

Gernoun, Thomas, 15 Gerrard, John, 77

J

;

Jane

Gerad, Walter, 19 Gerard, Gerarde, 16, 91

92, 93

;

;

Mary, 96

Herberd, Henry, 15 Herbert, William, 18, 40 Herford, Alice de, 15 Hering, Herring, Heryng, Elizabeth Mary, 56; Henry, 20; John,

Thomas,

15, 19, 20; Lettice, 20;

19; William, 56

Herlewyn, Henry, 18 Hert, John, 32 Herynges, John, 15 Hethe, Francis, 92 Grace, 92 Sarah, Hethersett, James, 104 ;

;

104; Wormley, 104 Heydon, Agnes, 85; Anne, 85; Sir Henry, Sir Christopher, 85 ; William, 85 ; Temperance, 85 85 ;

Heynon, John, 18 Heyward, John, 22 Hicks, Elizabeth, 104; Thomas, 61, William, 48 73 Hoge, Henrv. 24 Hoke (alias Aldy), Richard, 33 Thomas, 56 Holcroft, Ann. 56 Holdelond, John, 18 Holditch, Richard, 38 Horbling, 16 Home, John, 53 Horsted, Horstede, Alexander do, 30, 32; James de, 18; Thomas, 30, 33, 39 Houchen, 94, 98 llouchin, 91 Christiana de, 15 Houton, 16 ;

:

:

John

de, 15

Howlet, John, 18 Hulet. Hulot, Thomas, William, 15

15,

19;

Humphrey, Richard, 72

Hales, Barbara, 55, 56 James, 55, 56 See Hall, Robert of the, 15. Aula, de Hallidaye, Halyday, William, 23, 21, 85, 94 ;

Hunt, Hiinte, 16; Barbara, 55, 56; Hood, 55 John, 18, 22; Thomas, ;

68

Huntingdon, John Barker, 104 Hybbys, John, 77 Ikeburgh, William de, 18

Isac, 6, 7

Iverson, Henry, m.d., 51 Maria, 51

95

JcIIian,

Susanna

;

Jelyon,

Jelly.an,

91, 94; 23. See

John, 22; Peter, 22, also Julian Jellopp, Robert, 24

Jenner, Henry,

4, 5, 6, 8

Jenney, Elizabeth, 70

;

Sir

Thomas,

70

Am71, 72 72; Elizabeth, Sir Thomas. 72

Jermyn, Sir Ambrose, brose,7I

;

;

Edmund,

Susan, 71 ; 71 Jessopp, Dr., 69, 85, 92 Jewell, 94 Johnson, Mary, 55 Richard, 55 Jones, Danal, 99; Thomas, 99; Rev. \V. H., 68 Joppc, John, 19 Julian, Julion, Julyon, 91 Edmund, IS; Katherine, 19 Jwdyn (r Swayn), Richard, servant of WiUiam, 18; WUUam, 18 ;

;

;

Kidwell, Robert, 89 Kitson, Kytson, Anne, 71 Knevet, Knevett, Knyvet, Catherine, 84; Sir Edmund, 41, 42,43, Edmund, 32, 56, 57, 60, 87, 92 42; Eleanor, 42; Jane, 42; Joan, 63; Sir John, 42; John, 42, 63; Sir Thomas, 42, Sir Philip, 57 Sir William, 42 84 Knyt, Richard, 15 Koc, John, 38. See Coke Kyng, John, 15, 18, 19; William, ;

:

;

"15

La Chambre. See Chambre Lancaster, Duke of, 16 Land, Edmimd, 55, 65 Langford, John de, 15 La Sale, Katherine de, 9 La Shardelowe. See Shardelowe Leathes,

Edward,

75

;

George

Reading, 75, 104 Sarah, 75 Sarah Hetherset, 104 Le Brews, John, 12; Robert, 12: ;

Thomas, 12 Leche, John. 15

Lech ton, William de, 16 Le Grene, Peter, 16; Thomas, 15; William, 15

Le Hunt, George, 72; Marv, 72; William, 72 Le Nevo, John, 16 Thomas, 15 Lenthall, John, 48 Sibill. 48 Le Strange, Sir Thomas, 59 Lc Swineflete, William, 12 Lete, Datholomew, 15 Lewin, John, 22 Lock, Peter, 33 Lovell, Anne, 93 ; Sir Thomas, 93 ;

;

;

Thomas, 48 Loveneye, Margaret, 12

;

AVilli;un,

12

John de, 12 Lumner, Lumpner, Edmund, 77 Lovetot, Sir

Jane, 77

:

HISTOUY OF THOMPSON.

110 Lyncolno (aliaa Brown), John, 23 Lynforth, John, 16

Manning, Mannvng, Christian,

69,

70; Rov. C. il., 70; Elizabeth, 69,70; John, 70; John, junr., 70 Thomas. 69, 70 Manser, 91; WUliam, 22, 23, 77, 83 Ifarryctt, Nicholas, 33 Martin, James, 72 Thomas, 75 Matthews, Mrs., 55 Mauncer, John, 2-1 Mawkin, John, 85 Maynard, John. 43, 60 Mayr, Katlicrine, 19 Maystcr, Sir John, 30, 32, 59, 60 Melsop, Jlilsop. Anne, 49, 103; Sarah, 103; William, 49, 103 of Peter, Merton, Ralph son Chaplain of, 15 Methewold, Methwold, Bridget, John, 30, 34, 103 Jamos, 103 Thomas, 51 38, 39 ;

;

;

;

Milesent, 16 Miller, John,

Mrs.,

100;

WiUiam, 102

;



101;

100

,

MOlgate, John, 51 Milsent. John, 18 Minns, William, 77 Misson, Jane, 102; Thomas, 102

Mone, Joh-inna, 19; Rohert, 15, Thomas, 19 WiUiam, 18 19, 40 Money, Rev. Richard, 102 Moonk, John, 19 ;

;

Moore, Abigail, 72 William, 72 Morphcw, John, 53, 61, 73; Mary, ;

53

Mortimer, Mortymer, 91

; Alice, 23 Elizabeth, Sir Constantino, 27 70; John, 22; Sir Robert, 27; AVilliam, 22, 24, 77 ;

Morvs, William, 22 Mott, Mr., 13 Motto, Thomas, 15 Mounford, Margaret, 85

;

;

Osbert,

John, 22; Richard,

22, 23

Katherine,

;

;

MuUinger. Mr., 33 Muston, John, Gl, 72, 75 Myn, Uunry, 22 Nayl, Thomas, 18 Nobbes, Thomas, 24 Koble, Thomas, 15 Nobys, Richard, 22 Norfolk, Ralph, Eari

;

de,

20

Ucnry

;

Elizabeth,

Norwich, Mayor and Corporation of, 32 ; Bishop of, 30, 36, 70

Page, Edmund, 72 72

;

Thomas,

45,

;

;

Rotter, Richard, 22 Rowell, John, 61, 72 Rowley, John, 104 Sarah, 104

Palmer, Hichard, 99 Parker, Matthew, 93, 94 Parlet, Margaret, 19 Paston, Elizabeth, 71; John, 71; Margaret, 45 Pav, John, 22 Pearlo, Elizabeth, 100; George, 100; John, 100 Pearmain, James, 79 Pepir, Kalph, IS Pepys, 96 Percy, Bishop Thomas, 12 Perk'in; William, 68

;

Rowse, Edward, 46

S.iham, Urian de, 88 See La Sale Sale. Sample, William, 67 Sanderson, Rev. Anthony J., 72 Sands, EUzabeth, 100 ; Thomas, 100 Scott, Thomas, 88, 97, 98, 99 Soman. Henry, 19 Shardtlowe, Agnes do, 10, 29, 36 ;

;

Edmund de, 11, 12; Ehi'de, 12; EUzabeth de, 12; Galfridus, de, 11, 12; Henry 13; Joanna de, 11, 12; (Dame) Joan, 32, 39; Sir John de, 10, 11, 12, 13, 25, 29, 30, 36, 38, 39, 60, 81 Anthony, 13

Mary, 96 Pooley, Robert, 50 Poory, John, 94 Porge, Peter, 23 Rohert, 18 Porter, Margaret, 18 Agnes, 21, 94 Pory, Porye, 91 Sir John, 94 John, 93 Peter, William, 22, 94 24, 86, 94 Potts, Sir Roger, 52 Poutere, JIargaret, 19 Price, E. M., 88, 99 Prideaux, Dr., 95 Prittiman, John, 50 ;

Sir de,

80

;

;

;

39,

;

;

;

John de la, 87 ; Kathorine 12 ; Margaretta do, 11, 12, Robert Sir Robert de, 12 10, 11, 12; Sir Thomas de, 12, 13, 25, 29, 30, 32, 36, 38, Sir Thomas de la, 59, 60, 81 ;

;

87; Thomas, 13 Shepherdi, Alice, 18

James de, 38 Shrimpling, Robert, 22 Shrimplyng, James, 22 Shropham, John, 32 Siklyng, JIargaret, 19 Skirop, William, 18 Smallock, EUzabeth, 96 Smith, James, 88 John, 75, 97 Risingc, 97 Sarah, 97 Smyth, JIary, 97 Somery, Joan de. 63 John de, 63; John, Lord, 63 Shirford,

Puddyng,

16 I'urland, Bridget, 49

;

de, 11,

;

;

Robert, 88,

Rumbnld, John, 22 Rye, Walter. 33. 76 Ryghthevr. William, 18 Rykkes, William, 19 Rytheyr, William, 18

Perowno, Dr., 93 Perry, Grace, 24 Perrvman, 98 Pert' Richard, 23 William, 23 Phelip, Sir William, 64, 70 Philpot (see Fylpot), 32, 40, 59 Piggott, Alice, 92 Pilgrim, 98 Pitcher, J., 61 Pollard, Agnes, 19 PoUiiigton, 98 Polsted, Henry, 96

;

94

Jeremy, 45,

Quantrill, 94 Quilleter, 16

;

;

;

Radulphi, Johannes

fil,

16;

Thomas

16

Rakke, John, Ratcliffe, EUzabeth, 92; Sir Rohert, 1

;

Someryn, ilatilda, 15 Spelman, Anne, 92 Christian, 70 Elizabeth, 92 Henry, 69. 70 ;

;

fcir

Rawlins, Roger, 33 Raye, Alexander, 43, 60 Reder, John, 68 Reppes, Anne, 95; Elizabeth, 94; Henry, 94, 95 Rickards, Anne, 104 llingbell, 94 Richard, 97 Risinar, Bridget, 97 Thomas, 97 Risingg, John de, 16 Robsart, Amy, 84 Sir John, 84, 85 ;

;

;

Sir Terry ,'84

Oshern, Robert, 16

;

;

Raiine, Richard, 33

104

;

;

92

of, 7

Norman, Edmund, 104

;

de, 20

fil,

Mower, Henry, 0", 68 22 Mary, 77

Elizabeth, 46, 96 Anno, 46 James, 45, 46; John, 18, 22, 23, John, jun., 22 24, 45, 85 Margaret, 45, 46 Pleasant, 46 Thomas, 45, 46 William, 22

;

49

85

Mounseer, 98 Mounteney, 91

Elizabeth, 43

;

Pakonham, Agnes

iralkyn, John, 23, 83

;

Paine. Anne, 43 Walter, 43 Pairmain, 98

Rochford, Maud de, 9 Roger, Agnes, 16 Rokeland, Walkeline de. 16 fioU, Rolfe, Rolff, Rolffe, 91, 94

;

;

John, 92; John, 70; William,

92 Spencer, John, 24 Spore, John, 88 Spring. Spryng, Lady Dorothy, 71 Thomas, 65, G9, Sir'john, 71 71, 87; Sir William, Bart., 71, WiUiam, 71 72; Spurgin, 91, 94 Steward, John, 61, 73 Stone, Thomas, 22 Stow, Ralph, Earl of, 6, 7 Sturgcs, John, 65, 69 Sturmer. Ucnry. 64 Styles, Sarah. 54 Sutton, Sii' John de, 64; Margaret, 64 :

Ill

INDEX NOMINTJir. of Wiliiam,

Swayn, Richard servant William, 18 Swathing, Jeffry, 64 18

;

;

Maud, 64

.Swetenhiim, Kobert, 32 Sytrich, Matilda, 18

Talmache, Liunell,

71, 72

;

Susan,

71, 72

Talniash, Lionel, 72 Talyour, Kichard, 63 Taylor, John, 75 Thomas, 69 Teye, Grace, 92 Thomas, 92 Thaj-n, Thayne, Theyn, Thevne, Henry, 22, 77; John, 23, 24," 77 ;

;

William, 41, 51, 53, 56, 58, 61, 07. 73, 100

Waryn, John,

Townsend, John, 85 ; Margaret, 85 Tripelot, Thomas, 16 Trithemius, Abbot of Spanheim, 9

Watson, William, 58 Wells, Thomas, 23 Westgate, John de, 18 Weyland, Catherine de, 63; Sir Robert de, 63 Whalcbelly, 94; EUzabeth, 98;

Tunbridge, Josiah, 49; Lucie, 49 Turkebi, Robert, 16 Turkeby, Alexander, 18; Alice, 19 Turner, Hudson, 66 Wimer, 16 Twells, John, 88, 99 Tvrell, John, 68 Tyrrell, Sir William, 42 ;

72

;

Martha, 72

;

;

49 Tollemache, Lionel, 71, 72; Susan, 71, 72 Tolp, WilUam, 93 Tooke, 94, 98 Barbara, 55 Edward, 55; Elizabeth, 55; Frances, 55; Hales, 55; Rev. James Tooke Hales, 55, 5G, 61, 73; John, 55 John Baseley, 54, 56, 61, 73 John Home, 53, 64 Mary, 55 Robert, 52, 55 ; Thomasin, 55 ;

;

;

Waby, Mary,

103 AVace, John, 67 Wakkes, John, 18 W'aldegrave, Dorothy, William, 71 Walker, Mr. 95

71

;

Sir

;

55, 56, 61, 73, 74

Ware, Elizabeth, 51; John,

48, 49,

51, 52, 61, 87; Robert, 48, 50;

56

Warner, Agnes, 69 69, 80

;

;

Petronilla,

;

Sir Constantine de, 63 ; Elizabeth, 92 John, 63, 64, 92 Francis, 92 Sir Roger, 91, 92; Sir Thomas, 64; Ursula, 91, 92 W^olrich, William, 18 Wright, Edmund, 71, 77; Edward, 71; Thomas, 51; W. Aldis, 33, ;

;

,

-,48 Wame, Barbara,

William, 98 Whittert, John, 33 Wigges, John, 23 WiUeman, Agnes, 16 16; Thomas, 15 Wimer, TTiomas, 15

;

Walpole, 73; Edward, 84; Horatio, Lord, 41 Lord, 41 Lucy, 84 Walsingham, Lord, 9, 28, 63, 54, ;

18

W^isman, Henry, 15 Wodehouse, Anne, 92

William, 72

;

;

;

Torel, Richard, 16

Underwood, Abigail, 72; Margaret,

85

Thomeston, Dom. Galfridus de, 9 Robert de, 9, 87 William de, 9 Thompson, Rev. James Brown, 88 John, 9 Rowland, 9 Thompston, John, 22 Thornubacke, 94 Thorpe, Rev. William Smyth, 88 Thwaytcs, Thomas, 48 Winifred,

Warren, Gundreda de, 6 ; Samuel, 95 William de, 4, 5, 6

Roger, 56 William, 68,

38, 39

Wyatt, John, 33

Wyggs, John, 77 Wylacham, Sir Roger

Wysman,

de, 81

19; Elena, John, 18; Robert, 15, 19 Alice,

Yelverton,

WUliam,

Anne, 45 45, 77

;

Jane,

18;

77

;

112

INDEX LOCOBUM.

Anthony, Cornwall, 85

Cavendish, Suff.,

Ashe, 27 Ashen, Kssex, 72 Ashwellthorpe, 42 Attleborough, 27, 92

Caverham, 13

Hawstead, Suff., 85 Helmingliam, 71, 72

Chesterfield, 67 Chilton, Suff., 85

Ilemlingtun, 18 Ilempton, 12

Baconsthorpe, 85 Bacton, Suff., 104 Banham, 102 ISarham Manor, Essex, 12 Barsham, East, S4 Barton Bendish, 80 Barton Mills, 13, 29, 39, 88 Barton Parva, Suff., 12, 13, 81 Bath, 56 Beaumont Hill, 45 Bedford, 51 BeechamweU, 70 Belstead, 47 Bentley, Suff., 72 Blakeney, 9 Bolingbroke, 97 Borham, Essex, 39 Bracondale, 55 Bradenham, 29, 35, 42 Bradfield, 71

Bradley, Great, Suff., 63 Little, Suff., 72

11,

12,

80

Cockthorpe, 95, 103 Copdock, 53 Copped Hall Manor, Essex, 12, 39 Coston, 104 Cowling, Suff., 12 Cranworth, 62, 63, 64, 65, 09, 70 Cromer, 75 Cytie Camps Manor, Camhs, 38

Denmark, Dereham,

Hereford, 47 Iloiingswell, 12 Hessott, 43, 47, 48 Hethersett, 66, 75

Hindringham, 47 Hitoham, 71 Hockhaiii, Great, 72

Hock wold, Hokam, 3S

85

7

Horringer, 96, 97

East, 63, 104 West, 103

Horseth Manor, Cambs, Houghton, 84

Didlington, 42 Diss, 100

Downham,

13

Drinkstono, 51 Dublin, 12 Dudelvngton, 38 Dudley, 63 Dunham Parva, 88

EUingham, 48 Bury Hall Manor ,,

Islington, 90

Kenninghall, 51 Kilmartin, 104 Kimberlcy, 48, 62, 63, 64, in, 31

Great, 52, 70

,,

Brandon, 13

Little, 52, 53, G3

Ely, 93

Langford. 29, 103

Ereswell, 88

Lavenham,

Eye, 49

Letton, 90 Lewes Priory, 6 Lincoln's Inn, 85

New,

72 Old, 63, 64

Bunwell, 93

Flempton, 13, 30 Fulbum, Cambs, 12

Bures, Suff., 71 Burlingham, 55

Bury

St.

Edmund's,

Feltwell, 33, 72, 85 Filby, 75

12, 104

Camherwell, 72 Camhridge, 63, 93, 94, 102 Camps Manor, Essex, 12 Canterhurv, 82, 93, 94 Cantley, 62, 63, 64 Carbrooke, 49, 52, 63, 88, 100, 103, 104 Castleacre, 85 Caston, 49, 51, 62, 77, 79, 82, 88, 90, 103 Caston, Whitehread Close in, 90 Catton, 56

Garholdisham, 48, 68 Gayton, 85 Gipping, 42 Giasing, 102 Gloucester, 48 Gray's Inn, 50, 72 Griston, 52, 56, 57, 77, 88, 92, 93, 95

Hacford, 18

Hardingham,

47, 48

Harling, 47 East, 90

Haughley,

Suff., 97

92

Lambeth. 93 Landboach, 93

Breckles, 54, 92, 104

Little, 71

70,

Lakenham, 55

Bridgnorth, 96 Buckenham, 42

„ „

29, 39

Hun.stanlon, 59, 76 Iluntinglield, Suff., 71 Hun worth, 76

London,

Suff., 71

43,

48,

49,

51,

61,

96,

104 Longford, 30 Lvnn, 48 Lyrlyng, 38

Manchester, 58

Mannington, 77 Martinicjue, 58

Mautby, 45 Mondlesham, Merton,

Suff.,

63

36, 48. .51, 54, 56, 57, 63, 69, 72, 74, 77, 80, 82, 85, 92, 93, 94, 95, 97, 9b, 100, 102 3, 4,

9, 11, 33,

Merton, Rinshill Methwold. 93 Mildenhall, 13

in, 15

INDEX LOCORUM. SwafTham, 51

Narljurgli, 70

Northampton, NorthwolJ, 33

Swan ton Morloy,

10

7, 9, 13, 32, 36, 37, 48, 51, 52, .'53, 54, 55, 56, 04, 74, 79, 88, 93, 104

Orsey Manor, Camhs, Ovington, 63 Oxhorough, 47, 92 9, 34,

Thetford, 0, 08, 79, 97, 99, 104 Tholveton, 13 Thimblethorpo, 99

Thompson

Nottingham, 39

Oxford,

Moonyes, 77 51

Swathing, 03

Norton, 84 Norwich, 6,

Alley, the, 76 Bays' row, 76 Bees' messuage, 76 Bell house, 44, 51, 101, 102, 103 Bellrope acre, 90 Beytofts cottage, 101, 102 Blakenyes' meadow, 76 Blowsomes' close, 77 Bouers' close, 76 Brackland furland, 45 Bradciir Manor, 32 Bradmore common, 4, 55

12, 39

94

Padua, 56

Pakenham,

71 Paris, 80 Pontefract, 84

Purley, 63

Quiddenham, 100

Bridge close, 89 Brightman's tenement, 76

Rainham, 85

Bull ward' 8 tenements, 77 Butters Hall Manor, 31, 48, 53,

Rattlesden, Suff., 90 Raveningham, 27 Rodenhall, 77 Redgrave, 104 Reedham, 75

55, 56, 101 Calkpit furlong, 77 Carfield, 44 Carr, 13, 76 Chequers Inn, 76 Cheralls, 77 Cherry row, 4, 99

Reymerstone, 48

Ridgway

Hall, Staff., 104

Rockland, 69 Rolleaby, 75 Rougham, 77

Runham,

Churchhouse Manor,

Rushbrook, Suff., Rushworth, 27

Saham,

74, 104

Common, Lower, 4 Common, North, 55, 97 Common, Upper, 4

71, 72

35, 39 Siderstono, 84 Snyterton, 38 Southover, 6

Coppin'a furlong, 76 Coppynges, 76 Copthorne furlong, 76 Craddock'a closes, 76 Crowdick's furlong, 76 Curtaine's furlong, 77 Curthious furlong, 44 Deale fmlong, 77 Dey's tenement, 69 Dowsing tenement, 44 Filbye's lane, 77 Fisher's tenement, 45, 90 Foxburrow Mill-way, 76 Goare furlong, 77 Gunne's lane, 77 Hall meadow, 13 Hall way, 13 llarpe pightle, 77 Hayhouse close, 76 Hemp pit, 97 Heme, the, 76 Hollmore, 77 Hopthorp Street, 76

Sparham,

Iloulott's croft, 76

29, 35

Saham Toney,

98, 103

Salisbury, 68 Sail, 12

Saxham, Little, Seaming, 84

Suff.,

Scoulton, 47, 48, 49, 103, 104

90 68,

90,

96,

Shardlow, Derbysh., 12, 13 Shelton, 47, 49, 74, 75

Shimpling, 13 Shingled Hall Manor, Essex,

Shropham,

20,

29,

41, 47, 72, 74, 102, 103, 104

12, 39

30, 34, 35, 75,

87, 88,

38, 101,

Shropham, Pradcker Hall Manor in, 29, 30,

38

Shropham, Pakenhams' Manor in, 20 Shudy Camps Manor, C'ambs, 29,

75 Stanfield Hall, 84 Stanford, 54, 88 Stanton, Suff., 43, 47, Stinton Manor in Sail, 12 Stoke, Suff., 93 Stow, 68 Stow Bedon, 4, 7, 63, 69, 70, 92, S7 Stratton, Suff., 12 Strumpshaw, 63 Sturston, 47 74,

Hungate

More furlong, 77 Netherthorpe, 101, 102 Nether Thurstyegate furlong, 76 Plowdrove meere, 77 Pockthorpe, 76 Porys, 44, 48, 94, 95 Pynne's lane, 76 Redames Manor, 32, 40, "0, 77 Roesthorpe, 77 Sandwade fen, 4, 97 Sandware Street, 76 Sandwood way, 97 Sannard, 97 Shaker's furze, 4 Sheephouse furlong, 76 Slight, Lower, 76 Middle, 76 „ Upper, 76 „ Thompson & Bedacres Manor, 73 Wamers, 32, 40, 76 Waterhouse Manor,

74, 96, 101,

103, 104

Wayland Wood,

4,

56

"Weil furlong, 77 \Vh)-nny close, 77 Windover furlong, 76

Cockpit furlong, 77 College Manor, 60, 61

88

113

furlong, 70 Kirkhou.se furlong, 70 Lawman's tenement, 76 Ijong Perches furlong, 45 Longman's tongue, 70 Lyntokk's croft, 76 Mancer's tenement, 76 Market way, 76 Mel.
Woodfield close, 89 Thornage, 12, 29, 36, 37 Thoradon, 47, 104 Thorpe Market, 9 next Norwich, 13 ,, Thrapston, Northants, 93 Threxton, 57, 68 Throston, Suff., 47 Thuxton. 43, 47, 49, 61 Tinmouth, 9 Titshall, 63 Tofts, West, 29, 30, 34, 39, 72

Tottington, 54, 56, 67, 73, 103 TunstaU, 55

Uphall Manor, 64 Upton, Norf., 64 Upton, Northants, 85

Walton, West, 94

Watton

in Chesterfield, Derhvshire,

57, 58

Watton, Norf.,

52, 56, 57, 82, 97,

99

Wayland Hundred, 78 Wood, 4, 56 Wendovcr, Bucks, 63

Wenham

I'arva, Suff., 12

Westminster, 16, 39, 72, Whetacre, 42 Wiggenhall, 101, 103

85, 94

Wigiiton, 47, 48 Wilton, 80 Wimbledon, 53 Wingfiold, 27 Wolstanton, Suff., 104 Wood Norton, 56 Wretham, 94 East, 33

Wymondham,

57, 103

Yarmouth, Great,

48, 49, 104

114

INDEX RERIJM.

Arms

College, Ashe, Foundation of, 27

of Bacon, 43

Bateman,

„ „

30, 36

Attlehorough, Foundation of, 27

,,

Bigot, 6 Boutc'tort, 63

,,

,

Esmond,

,,

Futter, 43



Le Hunt, 72

,

Gl, 65

Thompson, Account

,,

Thompson, Documents

,,

40, 69 ,,



Spring, 71

,

,,

Thompson,

,,

Thompson

Ware,

College, 30, 36,

to,

34

Masters

,

of, 32,

Seal of, 36 ,, Surrender ,, Charter of, 35 Colman, Arms of, 52 Copyhold Tenants, Names of, 77 ,,

,,

51

Curates, Perpetual, 88

"Warner, 68 Warron, De,

,,

,

33

84 ,,

Thompson, Gift

9

Tollemache, 72 Tooko, 53

,,

re-

lating to, 36, 37, 38, 39,

Smyth, 97

,,

of, 25,

28

Shardelow, 30, 82



Ashe

College, Foundation of, 27 Attlehorough College, Foundation of, 27

Day

,,

Domesday

Family

103 96 Survey, Extracts from,

of Scoulton,

Arms

5, 6, 7

of Hesset, Arms of. 43 Barker of Shrophani, Family of, 103 Barker of Thompson, Family of, 100 I'edigree of, ,,

102 of, 30,

36

,,

Family

Esmond, Arms Futter,

Arms

of, 64,

of,



Family



Pedigree

65

43 103 103

of, 43-6, of, 47,

of,

Raveningham

Registers, Account of the, 91 Registrar, Civil, 95 Rood Screen, 81 Rush worth College, Account of, 27

of,

of,

30, 38

Lay Suhsidies, 14, 22, Le Hunt, Arms of, 72

Colli^ge, 36 of, 30,

Family

82

42 23, 24

Spring, Arms of, 71 Pedigree of, 71 „

62

Bradker in Shropham, Manor

Thompson Arms

10 Pedigree of. 12 ,, " Sir," Explanation of the title, 53 Smyth, Arms of, 97

Guilds, 80

Kncvett, Pedigree

College, Foundation

27 Rectors. 88 Rectory, 89 of,

,,

of,

Manor



Shardelowe,

Grey, Pedigree of, 92 Family of Do, II „

62 Pedigree of, 63

Boutetorts Hall,

,

Parish Property, 89, 90 Patronage of the Church, 87 Pedigrees Barker, 102 Bedingfield, 47 ,, Boutetort, 63 ,, Futter, 47, 103 „ Grey, 92 ,, Knevett, 42 ,, Shardelowe, 12 ,, Spring, 71 ,, Tooke, 55 ,, Place-names, Ancient, 76 Poll Taxes, 16 Porye, Arms of, 94 Account of Dr. John, 93 ,,

Seal of

Bedingfield, Pedigree of, 47 Bells, Inscriptions on, 80 Bigot, Arms of, C Boutetort, Arms of, 63 ,,

house, 74 of 5

Arms

of, 96,

of,

Bacon

Bateman, Arms

,,

Millgate,

27

Millgate, 51 Pon-e, 94

,,

Rush worth Foundation of,

,

60, 61

ThompsonandBedaeres, 73 AVatcrhouse and Church-

,,

27

of,

,,

,,

Raveningham, Foundation

,,

Colman, 52 Day, 96

,,

Manors, Thompson nuper CoUegii,

of,

Terriers, the, 89

Church, Account of the, 78 Goods, Inventories ,,

Manors, Account of, 83,

,,

Boututorts,

Thompson, Name

9 or

Botours

HaU, 62

84

Patronage of the, 87 ,, Churchyard, The, 82

of,

,,

Bradker in Shropham, 30, 38

of, 3

,,

Early Landowners

,

Manors

,,

9 Early Inliabitants 14, 15, l.s, 19

in,

4

in,

of,

115

INDEX RERUM. Thompson

in the sixteenth century, 21

Thompson nuper

Collegii,

Manor

of, 60, 61,

and Bedacrcs, Manor

CoUege, 25 Church, 78 Churchyard, 82 Rf-ctors of, 88 PiTpetual Curates of, 88 Rectory of, 89 Parish Property, 89

Tithes, 89

Registers, 91

Tollemache,

,

,

73

Tinmouth, Arms

,,

of

,,

9 College,

Arms of, 30,

Tooke, Arms of, 53 Pedigree of, 55 ,

of,

of,

36,

Ware, Anns of, 51 Warner, Arms of, 68 Warren, De, Arms of, 6 Churchhouse, Waterhouse and

Manor

81

of,

74

Wingfield CoUege, Foundation

Arms

of,

72

27

of,

SUBSCRIBEES. Amyot,

TI108. E., Esq., Diss, Norfolk.

Armstrong, Eev. B.

J.,

Heydon

Rectory, Norwich

Barker, Geo., Esq., Qt. Yarmouth.

Barnard, Geo.

W.

G., Esq., 4,

Surrey Street, Norwich.

Bell, C. Forbes, Esq., 10, Ullett

Eoad, Liverpool (large paper).

Beloe, E. M., Esq., King's Lj-nn (large paper).

Bennett, Edgar, Esq., Court Ash, Yeovil.

BetheU, W., Esq., Else Park, Hull. Birch, Rev. C. G. E., Brancaster Rectory, King's Lynn.

Bukbeck, H., Esq., Stoke, Norwich. Boileau, Sir F. G. M., Bart., Ketteringham Park (large paper).

Boston Public Library, U.S.A.

Duke

Buccleuch, His Grace the

of,

Dalkeith House (large paper).

Bulwer, General, Quebec House, East Dereham. Callis,

Wymondham.

Eev. A. W.,

Cooke, Eev. Canon W.,

6,

Clifton Place, Sussex Square, London, "W.

Albany VUlas, Hove, Brighton. Caius CoUege Library, Cambridge (large paper). Clark, John Willis, Esq., Scroope House, Cambridge (two Calvert, Eev. T., 15,

copies).

Cambridge University Library. Colman, J. J., Esq., si. p., Carrow House, Norwich (large paper). Cotesworth, Miss E.

J.,

Grassendale, Liverpool.

Crisp, F. A., Esq.,

Grove Park, Denmark

Dean and Chapter

Library,

The

Close,

Hill,

London, S.E. (two

Norwich (large paper).

EckUng Grange, East Dereham The Palace, Ely.

Elvin, Chas. N., Esq., m.a.,

Ely,

The Lord Bishop

of,

(large paper).

Farrer, Eev. E., f.s.a., Eickinghall, Diss.

The Grove, Streatham, S.W. The Woodlands, Hoigham, Norwich. Fox, C. J., Esq., The Anchorage, Hainault Eoad, Lejionstone, E. Franks, Augustus W., Esq., British Museum, London, W.C. Fisher, S. 0., Esq.,

Fitch, Eobert, Esq., f.g.s..

Griffith,

Eev. H.

T.,

Smallburgh Eectory, Norwich.

Gurney, E., Esq., North Eopps Hall.

copies).

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ITalos, J. B. T., Esq., Catliearal Close,

Ilarcourt, B.

W.,

Norwich.

Esq., 39, St. Giles' Street,

Harvey, E. K., Esq.,

j.p.,

Hatchards, Messrs, 187, Piccadilly, London, Ilenniker,

The Hon.

Hoare,

Esq., M.P., Cromer.

S.,

ilary,

Hovenden, E., Esq.,

Howard,

Norwich (large paper).

20, Esplanade, Lowestoft (large paper).

f.s.a.,

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W.

Berkeley Square,

i,

Piecadill}-,

London,

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W.

(large paper).

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Hudson, Rev. W.,

42, Prince of

Wales' Road, Norwich.

James, F., Esq., 190, Cromwell Road, London, S.W. (largo paper). Jones, Sir Lawrence, Bart.,

Cranmer Hall.

Konyon, The Hon. Georgina, The

King

Lace}-, A. J., Esq., 6, I'pper

Gclli,

Malpas, Clieshire.

Norwich (largo paper).

Street,

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Legge, Rev. A. G., le Strange,

Hamon,

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Lewis, The late Rov.

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S. S.,

Cambridge.

Lee-Warner, H., Esq., Swaflham. Macmillan and Bowes, Messrs., Cambridge.

Manning, Rev.

C. R., f.s.a., Diss Rectory.

Millard, Rev. J.

Mottram, Nevill,

J.,

W., ShimplLng.

Esq.,

Bank House, Norwich.

Lady Dorothy,

45, Charles Street,

Norfolk, His Grace the

Duke

of, k.g.,

Berkeley Square, London,

Norfolk House,

St.

W.

(large paper).

James' Square, London, S.W.

(large paper).

Norwich Free Library (largo paper). Procter, Rev. F., AVitton Vicarage, North

Read and

Barrett, Messrs.,

8,

Queen

Walsham.

Street, Ipswich.

Rivett-Camae, Mrs. G., Thorpe, Chertsey, Surrey (two copies).

Rye, Walter, Esq., Winchester House, Putney, S.W. Sutton,Eev. Arthur F.,Brant Broughton Rectory, Newark-on-Trent, Notts (large paper).

Todd, Mr.

J. T.,

Chapel Field, Norwich.

Walsingham, The Right Hon. Lord, Merton Hall, Thotford. Williams, C, Esq.,

F.it.c.s.,

Prince of Wales' Road, Norwich.

Williams, Mrs. Rowland, Grassendale, Liverpool.

Woods, Sir Albert W., Knt., College of Arms, Queen Victoria Woods, Mrs., Eokeles Hall, Watton (large paper).

Street,

London, E.C.

)
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